====THE RESULTS ARE IN !!===

Spring, 1997


We asked you to tell us what interests you have in botany. Some people didn't respond, or answered "none," but most folks listed something. Here is what you said you wanted to learn more about:

Wildlife Habitats/Foods....................22  

Medicinal plants/Herbs.....................22

Ornamentals/Houseplants/Flowers/Gardening..10

Ecology/Succession/Habitats/Floras..........8

Edible Plants/Food Crops....................8  

General/Plants and People...................5 

Native Plants/Trees/Wildflowers.............5
                                                                                             
Taxonomy/Identification.....................5

Livestock Food/Forage/Range.................4

Poisonous Plants............................2

Morphology/Reproduction/Biology.............2

Tropical/Rainforest Plants..................1

Botanical Gardens...........................1
              
Aquatic Plants/Wetlands.....................1

Turfgrass...................................1

Carnivorous Plants..........................1

Teaching Botany.............................1

Weed Control................................1

Fire in the Landscape.......................1

Plant Allergies.............................1


We can recommend books and techniques that can help you learn more about these things within the BOTN 201 context. What you get out of this course depends on how much you are willing to put in. We'll be glad to help you however we can.

Most books mentioned on this page are ones we have. We can also recommend others the library might have. Just ask Monique.


WILDLIFE HABITATS/FOODS/CONSERVATION/ECOLOGY

    Books--We have two books specifically about wildlife habitats, the Eastern and Western volumes of Field Guide to Wildlife Habitatsby Benyus. Try Imes' The Practical Botanist for an overview of plants in the environment and different types of habitats. In addition, many of the keys and manuals have notes about each plant's usefulness to wildlife. For example, Elias' The Complete Trees of North America goes into great detail, Correll & Johnston's Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas often has info, and Monique's black key also includes wildlife food uses. In addition, we have several general books on ecology and plant habitats.
    In the Field--Pay attention to what animals eat and where they live. Collect and identify samples of plants that they use. Visit and study the habitats and ecosystems that interest you most. Be curious. Take notes, draw, collect, take photos. You may want to look into Outdoor Rec trips or go somewhere neat to collect. Whenever possible, go out in the field with someone who knows the environment and ask lots of questions.
    Plant Collection--You might want to make your collection from just one or two locations that represent ecosystems you want to know more about. Conversely, you might want to make it as broadly-based as possible. Either way, look at what's around you when you're out collecting. If you are interested in wildlife, you can try 1) collecting plants that you know are used by wildlife and 2) reading to determine if other plants you collect have uses you didn't know about.
    In Lab and Lecture--Listen. Little bits about ecology find their way into lecture. On field trips, we'll talk a lot about different plant communities and ecosystems. Learn about the major families and what their presence tells you about a habitat or community. When we go on field trips, we will mention some plants that animals eat (such as grapes, acorns, hawthorn fruits, etc.), and we will talk about what animals can be found locally. Ask questions!

MEDICINAL PLANTS/HERBS

Dr. Manhart has included some information on medicinal plants in his lectures, and there is some in your text. In addition:
    Books--Check out the AMA Handbook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants. Many plant poisons are also medicines. Mabberly's Plant Book has lots of notes about medicinal uses. Many floras and manuals mention medicinal uses for plants. Tull's A Practical Guide to Edible and Useful Plants has good info. We now have Kindscher's Medicinal Wild Plants of the Prairie, which focuses on Native American uses of prairie plants. There is lots of information out there; you will have to examine it carefully as not all of it is trustworthy.

    In the Field--Look for plants that you know have medicinal value. Learn which ones grow where. But please, DON'T dabble in herbal remedies unless you really know what you're doing...
    Plant Collection--You might want to put together a collection of medicinal plants, or else focus on discovering what uses there might be for whatever plants you collect.
    In Lab and Lecture--Make an effort to learn about and learn to recognize the families that tend to have medicinal properties.


ORNAMENTALS/ HOUSEPLANTS/FLOWERS

While the focus of this course is wild plants, learning about plant families will help you, because wild and cultivated members of a family are similar in structure and often in preference for growing conditions. Monique has a degree in Floriculture, so you can ask her lots of questions...

    Books --We have Hortus III and Tropica. In the lab, we have Botany for Gardeners. Monique also has a ton of books and magazines on gardening, ornamentals, veggies, roses, landscape design, etc. Just mention what you want, and she'll recommend something... We also have information about growing many natives in the landscape.
    In the Field--Practice sight-identification of families. This will help you learn to recognize plants in gardens, nurseries, etc. Watch for native plants that might make good landscape plants.

    Plant Collection--Cultivated plants are not allowed, but you might want to make a collection of wild relatives of garden plants or a collection of plants you would want in a landscape.

    In Lecture and Lab--Again, learn the families. Each time in lab, you will find a marked nursery catalog featuring cultivated members of the families we study. We will also bring in cultivated plants to show family features. On field trips, we'll talk about which native plants can be adapted for home landscapes.

ECOLOGY/SUCCESSION/HABITATS/FLORAS

We will definitely talk about floras and succession and plant ecology in this class!

    Books--A number of the books listed under "Wildlife" (above) might be of interest. If it is books about the floras of different regions you are interested in, just let us know what part of the country (or world!) you're interested in and we'll point you in the right direction.
    In the Field--Learn to look at where you are: what type of ecostyem, what type of land use, etc. In the local environment, you can explore the Post Oak Savannah and Blackland Prairie regimes. You may also find bogs, outcrops, and agricultural areas.
    Plant Collection--You might want to collect from one type of habitat that interests you most, or you might want to get plants from as many different ecosystems as possible. If you decided to collect out of state, let us know as soon as possible so we can start tracking down the best flora for you to use for identification.
    In Lecture and Lab--Keep your ears perked up, because we will be talking about ecology and floras. When we take the field trip, we'll have a chance to see succession first hand and to explore several distinct ecosystems.


EDIBLE PLANTS

    Books--One of the best for Texas is Tull's A Practical Guide to Edible and Useful Plants. We also have Kindscher's Edible Wild Plants of the Prairie and the Medves' Edible Wild Plants of Pennsylvania. In addition, many keys and manuals have information about edibility listed for each plant. You may also want to look at the AMA Handbook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants to learn what not to eat.
    In the Field--Be on the lookout for edible plants. Please eat only what you KNOW is safe and can positively identify. Don't try too many new things at once. If something is rare, don't harvest too much. Keep notes!!!
    Plant Collection--It would be a challenge to make a collection of only edible plants, but it could be done and probably would be fun. Or, you might want to concentrate on learning if any of the plants you collect are edible.
    In Lecture and Lab--In lecture, much will be made of the major food families. On the lab field trips, we will look at (and try!) some of the local wild edibles. Ask lots of questions--and get Monique's Rumex soup recipe...


GENERAL/PLANTS AND PEOPLE

You are going to learn so much general stuff and soooo much plant trivia this semester that you will be amazed. Have a look at Mabberley's The Plant Book--there is something fun on every page. Also try talking to Monique. She is a veritable fountain of bizarre and esoteric information... If we say something this semester that piques your curiosity, let us know. We'll be glad to steer you in a direction to find out what you need to know. You might also look into taking Botany 328--Plants and People, offered in the fall semesters.

NATIVE PLANTS/TREES/WILDFLOWERS

    Books--We have a good collection of books on Texas plants--some are picture books and some are technical keys. We either have or can recommend some good regional floras. For example, Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country by Marshall Enquist is a good reference. We have several books on south Texas plants, prairie plants, and native grasses. Have a look in the lab book cabinet. Monique has lots of info on growing wildflowers and using native plants in the landscape.
    In the Field--Practice identifying what you see. Take notes, draw, take pictures, bring things in to identify. Visit as many different habitats as possible and learn what's in them.
    Plant Collection--Whatever you collect and key will teach you something. There is so much out there that you might want to focus on the plants that interest you most.
    In Lecture and Lab--Stay awake! You can learn a lot just from the examples. Many of our lecture examples and quite a lot of our lab dissection materials are native plants. Key quizzes will be fresh, local material--usually wild. The field trips will be all about local wildflowers and plants. This is where the knowledge can really add up.


TAXONOMY/PLANT IDENTIFICATION

Boy, are you in luck! This is the main thing we deal with. The whole lab and lecture are geared toward giving an understanding of the major families and their distinguishing features. Just by staying awake in class, you should learn plenty.

    Books--We have manuals and floras that cover the whole state and many parts of the U.S. These will help you identify plants. We also have picture books which will give you an idea of what's out there in a non-scientific way. If it's classical taxonomy and learning how to identify plants you want, we have good books on those, too. Just tell Monique what you want, and she can steer you in the right direction.
    In the Field--Practice sight-identification of major families and genera. Quiz yourself and your friends. Try to botanize in as many different places as possible. Make notes, take pictures, draw. Bring back unknowns to identify.
    Plant Collection--You can either collect the unknown plants you want to identify or put together a collection of plants that you have learned to identify. Either way, the more you collect and key, the better you will be at keying. Eventually, you will develop a feel for plants that helps as much as technical knowledge.
    In Lab --Really study and learn the key characters for families and genera. Practice with keys. Work on getting that "feel" for what's what. Make good use of the lab space and books available.


LIVESTOCK FOOD/FORAGE/RANGE

    Books--We have North American Range Plants, a good guide to some of the more important plants. Some of the keys, such as the Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas and Grasses of Texas have information about livestock uses for each plant. One of our weed books goes into detail about which plants are harmful or useful for stock and which plants will take over and ruin a good pasture.

    In the Field--Watch what stock eat, and what they avoid. Make notes, draw, take pictures. Practice sight-identifying important range plant families such as grasses and legumes. Bring unknowns back to the lab to key them.

    Plant Collection--You might want to make a collection of just range plants--useful or harmful. Collect plants that interest you.

    In Lecture and Lab-Pay special attention to important families like grasses and legumes. On the field trip, we will see and talk about what happens to overgrazed pastures and how ungrazed pastures go back to prairie and forest.

    Web sites related to Livestock and Range Plants


POISONOUS PLANTS


    Books--The biggie: AMA Handbook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants. Also look at Tull's Practical Guide to Edible and Useful Plants--it has a section on poisonous plants. Most manuals and floras will list information about poisonous properties for plants. Books on edible plants will let you know what is safe.

    In the Field--Learn to recognize our local poisonous plants. Practice sight-identifying families that have many poisonous members. Avoid eating wild plants unless you KNOW what they are...

    Plant Collection--It would be interesting to make a collection of just poisonous plants. Or you might work at determining any poisonous properties of whatever plants you do collect.

    In Lecture and Lab--We'll discuss poisonous plants and families which have many poisonous members. On the field trip, we will talk about what to eat and what not to eat.

    Web sites related to Poisonous Plants


MORPHOLOGY/REPRODUCTION/PHYSIOLOGY

Botany 201 doesn't deal strictly with morphology and physiology, but in the first couple of weeks, you will be introduced to all the details of vegetative and reproductive morphology. After that, we will talk about the different subclasses and families of flowering plants--including a good bit of morphology and some physiology/chemical informationwith each. You may want to look at the Lab Tutorials (link is to table of contents page) to study terms and pictures. You can also access the Lecture Notes to review vegetative and reproductive morphology.

TROPICAL/RAINFOREST PLANTS

    Books--Most of our library deals with Texas plants, but we can certainly recommend books about tropical plants. Tropica is a huge book full of pictures of exotics. We also have a book full of unusual fruit. We can certainly steer you to other sources on tropical and rainforest plants.

    In Lab and Lecture--We will be studying families that have members in the tropics. What you learn in class will help you understand tropical plants to some extent. If John Janovec is your TA, ask him about his experiences in Costa Rica!

    The Plant Collection--You might want to collect plants from families that have many tropical members. If you are lucky enough to get to collect in the tropics, be sure to let us know ahead of time so that we can help you dig up the references you'll need.

    Web sites related to Tropical Botany


BOTANICAL GARDENS AND ARBORETA

While we won't be talking much about botanical gardens and arboreta specifically in this course, what you learn here will help you understand and appreciate what you see when you go.

AQUATIC PLANTS/WETLANDS

    Books--We have two good sets of books on aquatic and wetland plants (including coastal)--one set for the Southeast, and one for the Southwest. Both have good illustrations. We also have the Flora of the TX Coastal Bendand Plants of Southernmost TX, both of which are useful. Correll and Johnston does cover the coast. We also have books on tidal marsh plants. We have access to some government publications, too. The botany staff has done a lot of bog-trotting in the last couple of years, so we can be of more help with wetland plants now than ever.

    In the Field/Plant Collection--You are welcome to collect aquatic and marine angiosperms. Be aware of two things, however. 1--There are cultivated plants that occasionally escape along the coast--these may not be keyable. 2--In the damp environments, things take longer to dry. There are special techniques for collecting floating plants--ask Monique to show you.

    In Lecture/Lab-Keep an eye out for families which have aquatic members or which are salt-tolerant or otherwise adapted to aquatic or marine life.

    Aquatic Plant and Water-Gardening Web Sites


TURFGRASS

We won't talk much about turf specifically this semester, but we will study the Poaceae, the family that all grasses are in. Monique has had a turf course and can recommend some good references. Pennington Seed has a lawn-related web page, as does the Professional Lawn Care Association of America.

CARNIVORES
    In lecture, Dr. Manhart will be discussing carnivorous plants and how they trap food.

    In lab, we will get a chance to see some live ones.

    Plant Collection--If you collect carnivorous plants, please be conservation-minded. Some species are threatened because of over- collecting.

    Web sites related to Carnivorous Plants
      Nepenthes Page--Slow-loading, but full of good info and images (the first image seems to be what slows things down--try hitting "stop" after you have given it a while to load)


TEACHING BOTANY

This course will introduce you to various teaching tools--dissection work, field trips, lectures, videos, slides, plant collection, and the Internet. You will also try several types of exams and quizzes. The teaching techniques we use on you this semester may help you define what sort of teaching style you want to adopt.

    Books
    One of the best all-around books is Imes' Practial Botanist, which is available for you to read in lab. It's still in print, so you may want to invest in a copy.

    Plant Collection
    If you would like to keep your plant collection to start your own teaching collection, you are certainly welcome to do so. You might want to focus on large, common families that will be present wherever you end up teaching.

    Websites
    There are lots of good teaching websites out there. We like to think our Lab Tutorials and our on-line Lecture Notes are good examples. There is also a lots of possibilities for interactive web-pages such as the Click-A-Fruit tutorial.


WEED CONTROL
A weed is a plant growing where it's not wanted, so any plant could be a weed. Many of the families we'll be studying this semester have members generally regarded as weeds. What you learn about seed dispersal and vegetative reproduction will help you understand why.

    Books

    We have several good publications that will help you identify weeds. Most of them live in the herbarium library, so ask Monique to see them.

    Websites

    One good website that is a jumping-off point is the Weed Science Page You can also look at the Worldwide Weed Datbase.

FIRE IN THE LANDSCAPE
Fire can destroy a landscape--or it can be the force that shapes a particular vegetation type. For example, our local savannahs require periodic burning to keep them open (something they very seldom get!) There is a lot of research being done these days on both controlling wildfire and controlled wildfires.


PLANT ALLERGIES

This is something Monique has a lot of experience with, unfortunately. This semester, you will learn quite a bit about plants likely to cause allergies--mostly those with wind-pollinated flowers. The spring flora will introduce you to many of them: oak, elm, ryegrass, bluegrass, pecan, amaranth, and goosefoot, to name a few.


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Last updated by Monique Dubrule Reed on January 21, 1997