====THE RESULTS ARE IN !!===
We asked you to tell us what interests you have in
and here is what you said
you wanted to learn more about. (Don't see what you specifically
mentioned? It's probably there, under one of the more general
in General/ Giving/Receiving Flowers....6
We can recommend books and techniques that can help
learn more about these things within the BOTN 301 context.
get out of this course depends on how much you are willing to put in.
We'll be glad to help you however we can.
Most books mentioned on this page are ones we have. We
can also recommend others the library might have. Just ask your TA or
If you find a link in this document that is not working, please let us
While the focus of this course is wild plants,
about plant families will help you, because wild and cultivated members
of a family are similar in structure and often in preference for
conditions. Monique has a degree in Floriculture, and Millie and Matt
are both horticulturists, so you can ask them
Books --We have Hortus III and Tropica.
In the lab, we have Botany for Gardeners. We all have a
of books and magazines on gardening, ornamentals, veggies, roses,
design, etc. Just mention what you want, and we'll recommend
We also have information about growing many natives in the landscape.
In the Field--Practice sight-identification of
families. This will help you learn to recognize plants in gardens,
etc. Watch for native plants that might make good landscape plants.
Plant Collection--Cultivated plants are not
but you might want to make a collection of wild relatives of
plants or a collection of plants you would want in a landscape.
In Lecture and Lab--Again, learn the families.
Each time in lab, you will find a marked nursery catalog featuring
members of the families we study. We will also bring in cultivated
to show family features. On field
trips, we'll talk about which native plants can be adapted for home
Garden-related Web sites--Monique has a
bookmark list for horticulture topics. Some are general references and
some pertain to specific plants or families: A sampling of what's
(no endorsements implied):
Books--One of the best for edible natives of
is Tull's A Practical Guide to Edible and Useful Plants. She
also published Edible and Useful Plants of Texas and the Southwest:
A Practical Guide, which we don't yet have but which is readily
We do have Kindscher's Edible Wild Plants of the Prairie and
Medves' Edible Wild Plants of Pennsylvania. We have Native
Ethnobotany, World Economic Plants, and the huge two-volume Cambridge
World History of Food. In addition, many keys and manuals
information about edibility listed for each plant. You may also want to
look at the AMA Handbook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants to
what not to eat. We can also recommend lots of good
(and other) cookbooks.
In the Field--Be on the lookout for edible
Please eat only what you KNOW is safe and can positively
Don't try too many new things at once. If something is rare, don't
too much. Keep notes!!!
Plant Collection--It would be a challenge to
a collection of only edible plants, but it could be done and probably
be fun. Or, you might want to concentrate on learning if any of the
you collect are edible. You could also focus on wild relatives of
domesticated edible plants you like.
In Lecture and Lab--In lecture, much will be
of the major food families. On the lab field
trips, we will look at (and try!) some of the local wild edibles.
lots of questions--and get Monique's Rumex
Other Links, including such odd things as peppers
and trail mix... (no endorsements implied)
FLOWERS IN GENERAL/
A few gentlemen said they use flowers to get out of
doghouse with their girlfriends. Quite a few of the ladies said
to receive flowers. Gents, are you listening?
In Lecture and Lab--We really won't
too much about cut flowers and floral arrangements in this course, but
we will go over major plant families that common florist's flowers come
from--Caryophyllaceae, Rosaceae, etc. If you keep your eyes open,
you will learn about your favorites.
In the Field--Look for plants that have
potential. Wouldn't some of the native grasses be nice? In
the fall, look for the ornamental berries of holly, snail-seed, and
Plant Collection--You could collect only
you think would make good arrangements. One for the press, one to
key from, one for the vase!
Websites Related to Cut Flowers (no
to Make Cut Flowers Last
How to Preserve Leaves and Flowers with Glycerine
Dr. Wilson has included some information on
plants in his lectures, and there is some in your text. In addition:
Books--Check out the AMA Handbook of
and Injurious Plants. Many plant poisons are also medicines.
Book has lots of notes about medicinal uses. Many floras and
mention medicinal uses for plants. Tull's A Practical Guide to
and Useful Plants has good info, and so does her newer book that's
specifically for Texas and the Southwest. We have Kindscher's Medicinal
Wild Plants of the Prairie, which focuses on Native American uses
prairie plants. We have also acquired Native American Ethnobotany.
There is lots of information out there; you will have to
it carefully as not all of it is trustworthy. Also, check the
board across from the lab. Interesting articles about plants get
put there, and there is one up now about an exciting new anti-tumor
derived from plants.
In the Field--Look for plants that you know
medicinal value. Learn which ones grow where. But please, DON'T dabble
in herbal remedies unless you really know what you're doing...
Plant Collection--You might want to put
a collection of native medicinal or aromatic plants, or else focus on
what uses there might be for whatever plants you collect.
In Lab and Lecture--Make an effort to learn
and learn to recognize the families that tend to have medicinal
Web sites related to Plant Medicines (No
or recommendations implied!)
An interesting Thesis
on folk medicine among native peoples in a remote Oaxacan village.
An on-line Herbal
ECOLOGY/ ENVIRONMENT/ HABITAT
We will definitely talk about ecology in this class
Books--A number of the books listed under "Wildlife"
(below) might be of interest. If it is books about particular
or communities you are interested in, just let us know, and we'll point
you in the right direction.
In the Field--Learn to look at where
are. In the local environment, you can explore the Post Oak
and Blackland Prairie regimes. You may also find bogs, outcrops, and
areas. What plants make up the communities? What are the
and herbivores? How does the soil affect the plants?
Plant Collection--You might want to collect
one type of habitat that interests you most, or you might want to get
from as many different ecosystems as possible.
In Lecture and Lab--Keep your ears perked up,
because we will be talking about ecology. When we take the field
trip, we'll have a chance to explore several distinct ecosystems.
Ecology- and Pollination-related Web Sites
Books--We have two books specifically about
habitats, the Eastern and Western volumes of Field Guide to
Habitats by Benyus. Try Imes' The Practical Botanist for an
overview of plants in the environment and different types of habitats.
In addition, many of the keys and manuals have notes about each plant's
usefulness to wildlife. For example, Elias' The Complete Trees of
America goes into great detail, Correll & Johnston's Manual
of the Vascular Plants of Texas often has info, and Monique's black
key also includes wildlife food uses. In addition, we have several
books on ecology and plant habitats.
In the Field--Pay attention to what animals
and where they live. Collect and identify samples of plants that they
Visit and study the habitats and ecosystems that interest you most. Be
curious. Take notes, draw, collect, take photos. You may want to look
Outdoor Rec trips or go somewhere neat to collect. Whenever possible,
out in the field with someone who knows the environment and ask lots of
Plant Collection--You might want to make your
collection from just a few locations that represent ecosystems you want
to know more about. Conversely, you might want to make it as
as possible. Either way, look at what's around you when you're
collecting. If you are interested in wildlife, you can try 1)
plants that you know are used by wildlife and 2) reading to determine
other plants you collect have uses you didn't know about.
In Lab and Lecture--Listen. Little bits about
animal ecology find their way into lecture. On field
trips, we'll talk a lot about important different plant communities
and ecosystems. Learn about the major families and what their presence
tells you about a habitat or community. When we go on field trips, we
mention some plants that animals eat (such as grapes, acorns, hawthorn
fruits, etc.), and we will talk about what animals can be found
Websites Related To Wildlife:
Boy, are you in luck! This is the main thing we deal
is that plant? How can I tell it from all the others? Where else does
grow? The whole lab and lecture are geared toward giving an
of the major families and their distinguishing features. Just by
awake in class, you should learn plenty. We will also talk about the
and distributions of plants--which ones are cosmopolitan, which
New World, which Old World, etc.
Books--We have manuals and floras
cover the whole state and many parts of the U.S. These will help you
plants. We also have picture books which will give you an idea of
what's out there in a non-scientific way. If it's classical taxonomy
learning how to identify plants you want, we have good books on those,
too. Just tell Monique what you want, and she can steer you in the
In the Field--Practice sight-identification
major families and genera. Quiz yourself and your friends. Try to
in as many different places as possible. Make notes, take pictures,
Bring back unknowns to identify.
Plant Collection--You can either collect the
plants you want to identify or put together a collection of plants that
you have learned to identify. Either way, the more you collect and key,
the better you will be at keying. Eventually, you will develop a feel
plants that helps as much as technical knowledge.
In Lab --Really study and learn the key
for families and genera. Practice with keys. Work on getting that
for what's what. Make good use of the lab space and books
Taxonomy-related Web sites:
OXYGEN PRODUCTION BY
This really is a topic more for
a Plant Physiology class than a systematics class. The main thing to
remember is that while green plants do produce
oxygen via photosynthesis, they also use
oxygen during respiration--there's just a net gain on the
production side of things.
Here's an interesting
article on the subject.
Books--We have North American Range Plants,
a good guide to some of the more important plants. Some of the keys,
as the Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas and Grasses
Texas have information about livestock uses for each plant. One of
our weed books goes into detail about which plants are harmful or
for stock and which plants will take over and ruin a good pasture or
Come by the herbarium to read a good Smithsonian article on
farming. We also have an interesting book on the lost or little-grown
crops of Africa, many of which would be suitable for Texas.
In the Field--Watch what stock eat, and what
avoid. Make notes, draw, take pictures. Practice sight-identifying
range plant families such as grasses and legumes. Observe crop-weed
in fields. Bring unknowns back to the lab to key them.
Plant Collection--You might want to make a
of just range plants--useful or harmful. You could focus on wild
of cultivated crop plants such as cotton, alfalfa, or sorghum. Collect
plants that interest you.
In Lecture and Lab-Pay
special attention to
grazing and crop plant families like grasses and legumes. On the field
trip, we will see and talk about what happens to overgrazed
and how ungrazed pastures go back to prairie and forest.
Web sites related to
Livestock and Range Plants
You are going to learn so much general stuff and
much plant trivia this semester that you will be amazed. Have a look at
Mabberley's The Plant Book--there is something fun on every
Also try talking to Monique. She is a veritable fountain of bizarre and
esoteric information... If we say something this semester that
you, let us know. We'll be glad to steer you in a direction to find out
what you need to know. Have a look at the other topics discussed
You might also look into taking Botany
328--Plants and People, a course devoted to food, medicine, drug,
fiber, and fuel plants. You can find strange and wondrous things
at Wayne's Word,
This is our most favorite thing! The study of
out there is called floristics. The teaching staff all have
in the local flora.
Books--We have a good collection of books on
plants--some are picture books and some are technical keys. We either
or can recommend some good regional floras. For example, Wildflowers
of the Texas Hill Country by Marshall Enquist is a good reference.
Have a look in the lab book cabinet. Monique has lots of info on
wildflowers and using native plants in the landscape.
In the Field--Practice identifying what you
Take notes, draw, take pictures, bring things in to identify. Visit as
many different habitats as possible and learn what's in them.
Plant Collection--Whatever you collect and key
will teach you something. There is so much out there that you
want to focus on the plants that interest you most.
In Lecture and Lab--Stay awake! You can learn
a lot just from the examples. Many of our lecture examples and quite a
lot of our lab dissection materials are native plants. Key quizzes will
be fresh, local material--usually wild. The field trips will be all
local wildflowers and plants. This is where the knowledge can really
Web sites related to Native Plants
We really won't do much with plant pathology this
semester-- there are other courses that deal strictly with
pathology. However, learning the plant families will help you
with a study of plant pathology, since susceptibility to pathogens
often runs in families. In doing your plant collection, you will
have an opportunity to observe and collect plants with various
pathological conditions--but please be sure your specimens are not
*too* damaged. And be careful of things such as oak galls, which
can mimic true fruit.
Web sites related
to Plant Pathology
Americal Phytopathological Society
Departments at U.S. Universities
to BOTN 301 Homepage
Last updated by Monique Dubrule Reed on September