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Inflorescences

Dissections:
Parapholis incurva

Line drawings

PARAPHOLIS C.E. Hubb.
Plants hermaphroditic, caespitose, annual. Culms ascending or geniculate or prostrate, glabrous; internodes hollow, terete. Leaves basal and cauline, not distinctly distichous; sheaths terete, open; auricles present or absent; ligules membranous; blades flat or involute, linear, lax. Spikes cylindrical (curved and rigid), rachis disarticulating, pedicels absent. Spikelets solitary at inflorescence nodes, appearing sunken, laterally compressed, disarticulation below the glumes, awnless, sessile; florets 2, reduced floret at apex, callus absent, rachilla not extended beyond upper floret; glumes 2, 3-5-veined, displaced relative to floret position (adjacent), not subulate (asymetrical), longer than first floret, awnless; lemmas 1- or 3-veined, hyaline to membranous, glabrous, apex entire, awnless; paleas 2-veined, awnless, glabrous. Stamens 3; anthers yellow. Caryopses terete or dorsiventrally compressed, elliptical or narrowly oval. Base chromosome number x=7.

A small genus of about six species, many occur in open, disturbed habitats near saline water. Species are found in the United States, Europe, the Mediterranean to India.