Poaceae

Pooideae

Chloridoideae
Aeluropodeae
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Monanthochloe
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Arundinoideae

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Dissections:
Monanthochloe littoralis

MONANTHOCHLOË Engelm.
Plants dioecious, rhizomatous or stoloniferous, perennial. Culms mat forming, glabrous; internodes solid (much branched), terete. Leaves cauline, distinctly distichous; sheaths terete, margins open; auricles absent; ligules a ciliate membrane; blades less 1 cm long, folded or involute, pungent, stiff. Infloresence a single spikelet in axils of upper sheaths. Spikelets unisexual, solitary, laterally compressed, awnless, sessile; disarticulation above glumes; florets 3 - 5, callus glabrous; reduced floret at apex; glumes absent (rarely 1); lemmas 7 - 9-veined, coraiceous (staminate) or indurate (pistillate), entire, awnless, glabrous, veins glabrous; paleas 2-veined, awnless, glabrous. Staminate plants, stamens 3; anthers yellow. Pistillate plants, caryopses terete. Base chromosome number x=10.

A genus of three species native to the New World. Adapted to saline marshes or flatlands near or on the coast.