Glossary
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z home
Caespitose (cespitose)
Tufted; several or many stems in a close tuft.

Callus
The indurate downward extension of the mature lemma in Stipa, Aristida, and some other genera.

Capillary
Very slender or hairlike.

Capitate
In a globular cluster or head.

Capitellate
Posessing a minute swelling at the apex.

Cartilaginous
Firm and tough, but flexible; like cartilage.

Caryopsis
One-seeded, dry, indehiscent fruit or grain of grasses with a lateral embryo. The seed coat is adnate to the pericarp.

Cauline
Belonging to the stem, such as stem leaves.

Central axis
The main axis of the inflorescence.

Central groove
A longitudinal depression in the sides of the pedicels of Bothriochloa.

Cespitose
See caespitose.

Ciliate
Fringed with hairs on the margin.

Ciliolate
Minutely ciliate.

Clasping
To hold parts together; holding.

Cleistogamous
Applied to flowers or florets fertilized without opening; must be self-fertile.
Cluster
A number of similar things, e.g. bracts or spikelets, grouped together.

Coleoptile
A protective sheath for the young shoot in the embryo.

Collar
The area on the outer (abaxial) side of a leaf at the junction of the sheath and blade.

Column
The lower, undivided part of the awns of certain Aristida species.

Compact
Short and dense.

Compressed
Flattened strongly, typically laterally; keeled.

Concave
Dished inward, an existing hollow.

Connate
Fusion of like parts, such as sheath margins to form a tube.

Continuous
A rachis or other organ that does not disarticulate.

Contracted
Narrow or dense inflorescences, the branches being appressed or short.

Convex
Rounded on the surface.

Cordate
The heart-shaped base and pointed apex of a structure e.g. a leaf blade.

Coriaceous
Leathery texture.

Corm
Short, bulb-like stem.

Crisp
Undulating in a horizontal plane.

Crown
Persistent base of a perennial.

Culm
The jointed grass stem, composed of nodes, internodes, leaves, and axillary buds.

Cylindrical
Shaped like a tube, round in cross section with parallel margins.