Bibiography:  Reference Listing
General Flora


Aquatics

Correll, D. S. and H. B. Correll. 1975. Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Southwestern United States. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.

Correll, D.S. and H.B. Correll. 1972. Aquatic and wetland plants of southwestern United States U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Harvey, W.D. 1998. Harmful or potentially harmful fish, shellfish, and aquatic plants. In: Texas Administrative Code Title 31, Part 2 (Texas Parks and Wildlife Department regulations), Chapter 57, subchapter A, section 57.111--112.

Checklist, flora

Birdson, D. and L. Forman, eds. 1992. The herbarium handbook, revised ed Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England, U.K.

Blackwell, W.H. 1990. Poisonous and medicinal plants Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Brickell, C. and J.D. Zuk. 1997. The American Horticultural Society A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants DK Publishing, New York.

Burkhill, H.M. 1985. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, ed. 2 Vol. 1, Families A-D, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England, U. K.

Chapman, A.W. 1860. Flora of the southern United States Ivison, Phinney and Co., New York.

Clewell, A. F. 1985. Guide to the Vascular Plants of the Florida Panhandle. University Press of Florida, Tallahassee, FL.

Cronquist, A., A.H. Holmgren, N.H. Holmgren, J.L. Reveal, and P.K. Holmgren. 1977. Intermountain flora: Vascular plants of the intermountain west, U.S.A Vol. 6, Columbia Univ. Press, New York.

Darwin, S. P., E. G. Sundell, and A. S. Bradburn. 1981. Noteworthy vascular plants from Louisiana. Sida 9(1):70-75.

Davidse, G., M. Sousa S., A. O. Chater. (eds.) 1994. Flora Mesoamericana. Vol. 6. Universidad Nacional Autònoma de México, Instituto de Biologia. Ciudad Universitaria, México, D. F.

Davis, P.H. and J. Cullen. 1979. The identification of flowering plant families including a key to those native and cultivated in north temperate regions, 2nd ed Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, England, U.K.

Fernald, M. L. 1950a. Gray's Manual of Botany. 8th ed. Dioscorides Press, Portland, OR.

Fernald, M.L. 1940a. Some spermatophytes of eastern North America Rhodora 42:281-302.

Fernald, M.L. 1946b. Identifications and reidentifications of North American plants Rhodora 48:137-162, 184-197, 207-216.

Fernald, M.L. 1948. Some spermatophytes of eastern North America Rhodora 42:281-302.

Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 1993. Flora of North America. Vol. 2. Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 1997. Flora of North America. Vol. 3. Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

Fuller, T.C. and E. McClintock. 1986. Poisonous plants of California Univ. of California Press, Berkeley.

Gleason, H.A. 1947. Notes on some American plants Phytologia 2:281-291.

Gleason, H.A. 1952. The new Britton and Brown illustrated flora of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada New York Bot. Garden, Bronx.

Gleason, H.A. and A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of the vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York.

Gray, A. 1846. Analogy between the flora of Japan and that of the United States Amer. J. Sci. Arts II. 2:135-136 (Reprinted in Stuckey 1978).

Great Plains Flora Association. 1977. Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains. The Iowa State University Press. Ames.

Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.

Henderson, A., G. Galeano, and R. Bernal. 1995. Field guide to the palms of the Americas Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ.

Hepper, F.N. 1992. Illustrated encyclopedia of Bible plants Intervarsity Press, Leicester, England, U.K.

Heywood, V.H., ed. 1993. Flowering plants of the world Oxford Univ. Press, New York.

Hickey, M. and C. King. 1997. Common families of flowering plants Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, England, U.K.

Hickman, J.C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: Higher plants of California Univ. of California Press, Berkeley.

Holm, L.G., D.L. Plucknett, J.V. Pancho, and J.P. Herberger. 1977. The world's worst weeds: Distribution and biology Published for the East-West Center by the Univ. of Hawaii Press, Honolulu.

Hufford, L. 1992. Rosidae and their relationships to other nonmagnoliid dicotyledons: A phylogenetic analysis using morphological and chemical data Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79:218-248.

Hutchinson, J. 1979. The families of flowering plants, 3rd ed Authorized reprint by Otto Koeltz Science Publishers, Koenigstein, West Germany.

Huxley, A., M. Griffiths, and M. Levy, eds. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening, 4 vols MacMillan Press Limited, London, and Stockton Press, New York.

Hyam, R. and R. Pankhurst. 1995. Plants and their names: A concise dictionary Oxford Univ. Press, New York.

Ivey, R. D. 1986. Flowering Plants of New Mexico. 2nd ed. Published by author, Albuquerque, NM.

J?rgensen, P.M., J.E. Wawesson, and L.B. Holm-nielsen. 1984. A guide to collecting passionflowers Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 71:1172-1174.

Jacobsen, N. 1985. Order Arales. In: R.M.T. Dahlgren, H.T. Clifford, and P.F. Yeo 1985, The families of the monocotyledons Pp. 278-289, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.

James, L.F. and S.L. Welsh. 1992. Poisonous plants of North America. In: L.F. James, R.F. Keeler, E.M. Bailey, Jr., P.R. Cheeke, and M.P. Hegarty Poisonous plants: Proceedings of the third international symposium Pp. 94-104, Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames.

James, R.L. 1948. Some hummingbird flowers east of the Mississippi Castanea 12:97-109.

Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd ed. Vol. 1 - Checklist. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 2nd ed. Vol. 2 - Thesaurus. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

Kartesz, J. T. and R. Kartesz. 1980. A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.

Kearney, T. H., R. H. Peebles, and collaborators. 1960. Arizona Flora. 2nd ed. with supplement. University of California Press, Berkeley.

Kindscher, K. 1987. Edible wild plants of the prairie Univ. Press of Kansas, Lawrence.

Kindscher, K. 1992. Medicinal wild plants of the prairie Univ. Kansas of Press, Lawrence.

Kingsbury, J.M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Kingsbury, J.M. 1965. Deadly harvest: A guide to common poisonous plants Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York.

Kubitzki, K., J.G. ROHWER, and V. Bittrich, eds. 1993. The families and genera of vascular plants II. Flowering plants - dicotyledons Magnoliid, hamamelid and caryophyllid families, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Lampe, K.E. and M.A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants American Medical Association, Chicago.

Li, S. and K.T. Adair. 1994. Species pools in eastern Asia and North America Sida 16:281-299.

Li, S. and K.T. Adair. 1997. Species pools of seed plants in eastern Asia and North America Arthur Temple College of Forestry, Stephen F. Austin State Univ., Nacogdoches, TX.

Long, R.W. and O. Lakela. 1971. A flora of tropical Florida Univ. of Miami Press, Coral Gables, Florida.

Mabberley, D.J. 1987. The plant book, a portable dictionary of the higher plants Reprinted with corrections in 1989, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, England, U.K.

Mabberley, D.J. 1997. The plant book, a portable dictionary of the higher plants, 2nd ed Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, England, U.K.

Martin, W. C. and C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A Flora of New Mexico. 2 Vols. Strauss & Cramer GmbH Publishers, Hirschberg, Germany.

McGregor, R.L. 1976. A statistical summary of Kansas vascular plant taxa Rep. State Biol. Surv. Kansas 1:1-7.

Moldenke, H.N. and A.L. Moldenke. 1952. Plants of the Bible Chronica Botanica Co., Waltham, MA.

Morton, J.F. 1982. Plants poisonous to people in Florida and other warm areas, 2nd ed Southeastern Printing Co., Stuart, FL.

Mulligan, G.A. and D.B. Munro. 1990. Poisonous plants of Canada Agri. Canada, Publ. 1842E, Canadian Government Publishing Centre, Ottawa.

Pammel, L.H. 1911. A manual of poisonous plants The Torch Press, Cedar Rapids, IA.

Pielou, E.C. 1988. The world of northern evergreens Comstock Publishing Associates, a division of Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, NY.

Pietropaolo, J. and P. Pietropaolo. 1986. Carnivorous plants of the world Timber Press, Portland, OR.

Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles, and C. R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.

Reed, Jr., P. B. 1988. National list of plant species that occur in wetlands: South Plains (Region 6). Biological Report 88(26.6). United States Fish and Wildlife Service, St. Petersburg, FL.

Rejm?nek, M. and J.M. Randall. 1994. Invasive alien plants in California: 1993 summary and comparison with other areas in North America Madroño 41:161-177.

Reveal, J.L. 1993b. Flowering plant families: An overview. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds, Fl. North Amer. 1:294-298 Oxford Univ. Press, New York and Oxford.

Schmutz, E.M. and L.B. Hamilton. 1979. Plants that poison Northland Publishing, Flagstaff, AZ.

Schofield, E.K. 1986. Glossary. In: Great Plains Flora Association Flora of the Great Plains Pp. 1317-1328, Univ. Press of Kansas, Lawrence.

Smith, E. B. 1978. An Atlas and Annotated List of the Vascular Plants of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville.

Smith, E. B. 1994. Keys to the Flora of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville.

Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2nd ed Published by the author, Fayetteville, AR.

Smith, J.P., Jr. 1977. Vascular plant families Mad River Press, Inc., Eureka, CA.

Stephens, H.A. 1980. Poisonous plants of the central United States Univ. Press of Kansas, Lawrence.

Steyermark, J. A. 1962. Flora of Missouri. Iowa State University Press, Ames.

Stiles, E.W. 1984. Fruit for all seasons Nat. Hist. 93:42-53.

Strausbaugh, P.D. and E.L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed Seneca Books, Inc., Grantsville, West Virginia.

Stuckey, R.L. and T.M. Barkley. 1993. Weeds. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds, Fl. North Amer. 1:193-198 Oxford Univ. Press, New York and Oxford.

Talalaj, S., D. Talalaj, and J. Talalaj. 1991. The strangest plants in the world Hill of Content Publishing Co., Melbourne, Australia.

Tampion, J. 1977. Dangerous plants Universe Books, New York.

Taylor, R.J. and C.E. Taylor. 1981. Plants new to Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas Sida 9:25-28.

Turner, N.W. and A.F. Szczawinski. 1991. Common poisonous plants and mushrooms of North America Timber Press, Portland, OR.

Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii, 2 vols Univ. Hawaii Press and Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu.

Waterfall, U. T. 1979. Keys to the Flora of Oklahoma. 6th ed. Published by the author, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater.

Waterfall, U.T. 1971 [1972]. New taxa, combinations and distribution records for the Oklahoma flora Rhodora 73:552-555.

Waterfall, U.T. 1972. Keys to the flora of Oklahoma, 5th ed Published by the author for sale by the Student Union Bookstore, Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater.

Welsh, S. L., N. D. Atwood, S. Goodrich, and L. C. Higgins. 1987. A Utah Flora. Great Basin Naturalist, Memoirs. No. 9.

Westbrooks, R.G. and J.W. Preacher. 1986. Poisonous plants of eastern North America Univ. of South Carolina Press, Columbia.

Wilson, K.A. 1960a. The genera of Arales in the southeastern United States J. Arnold Arbor. 41:47-72.

Wofford, B.E. and R. Kral. 1993. Checklist of the vascular plants of Tennessee Sida, Bot. Misc. 10:1-66.

Wood, C.E., Jr. and R.B. Channell. 1960. The genera of Ebenales in the southeastern United States J. Arnold Arbor. 41:1-35.

Wooton, E. O. and P. C. Standley. 1915. Flora of New Mexico. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium. Smithsonian Institution. Vol. 19, Washington, D.C.

Zohary, M. 1982. Plants of the Bible Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, England, U.K.

Zomlefer, W.B. 1994. Guide to flowering plant families Univ. of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.

Classification

Behnke, H. D. and T. J. Mabry, eds. 1994. Caryophyllales: Evolution and systematics Springer-Verlag, New York.

Benson, L. 1979. Plant classification, 2nd ed D.C. Heath and Co., Lexington, MA.

Bremer, K†re, Mark W. Chase and Peter F. Stevens 1998. An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85 (4): 531-553.

Brummitt, R.K. and M.S.M. Sosef. 1998. Paraphyletic taxa are inherent in Linnaean classification--a reply to Fruedenstein Taxon 47:411-412.

Crane, P.R. and P. Kenrick. 1997. Problems in cladistic classification: Higher-level relationships in land plants Aliso 15:87-104.

Cronquist, A. 1968. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA.

Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia University Press, New York.

Cronquist, A. 1988. The evolution and classification of flowering plants, 2nd ed New York Bot. Garden, Bronx.

Cronquist, A. 1993. A commentary on the general system of classification of flowering plants. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds, Fl. North Amer. 1:272-293 Oxford Univ. Press, New York and Oxford.

Dahlgren, R.M.T., H.T. Clifford, and P.F. Yeo. 1985. The families of the monocotyledons Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Davis, J.I. 1995. A phylogenetic structure for the monocotyledons, as inferred from chloroplast DNA restriction site variation, and a comparison of measures of clade support Syst. Bot. 20:503-527.

De queiroz, K.D. 1997. The Linnaean hierarchy and the evolutionization of taxonomy, with emphasis on the problem of nomenclature Aliso 15:125-144.

De queiroz, K.D. and J. Gauthier. 1992. Phylogenetic taxonomy Annual Rev. Ecol. Syst. 23:449-480.

Donoghue, M.J., R.G. Olmstead, J.F. Smith, and J.D. Palmer. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships of Dipsacales based on rbcL sequences Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79:333-345.

Downie, S.R and J.D. Palmer. 1994. A chloroplast DNA phylogeny of the Caryophyllales based on structural and inverted repeat restriction site variation Syst. Bot. 19:236-252.

Gray, A. 1859. Diagnostic characters of new species of phanerogamous plants collected in Japan by Charles Wright, botanist of the U.S. North Pacific Exploring Expedition With observations upon the relations of the Japanese flora to that of North America and of other parts of the northern temperate zone, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 6:377-453 (Reprinted in Stuckey 1978).

Hunt, D.R. 1971. Schumann and Buxbaum reconciled;The Schumann system of Mammillaria classification brought provisionally up-to-date Cact. Succ. J. Gr. Brit. 33:53-72.

Kron, K.A. 1997. Exploring alternative systems of classification Aliso 15:105-112.

Qiu, Y-L., M.W. Chase, D.L. Les, and C.R. Parks. 1993. Molecular phylogenetics of the Magnoliidae: Cladistic analyses of nucleotide sequences of the plastid gene rbcL Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80:587-606.

Randall, J.M. 1997. Defining weeds of natural areas. In: J.O. Luken and J.W. Thieret, eds Assessment and management of plant invasions, Springer-Verlag, New York.

Schander, C. 1998b. Mandatory categories and impossible hierarchies--a reply to Sosef Taxon 47:407-410.

Stearn, W.T. 1957. An introduction to the Species Plantarum and cognate botanical works of Carl Linnaeus Facsimile of first edition of Carl Linnaeus, Species Plantarum, Ray Society, London, England, U.K.

Stebbins, G.L. 1993. Concepts of species and genera. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds, Fl. North Amer. 1:229-246 Oxford Univ. Press, New York and Oxford.

Stuessy, T.F. 1997. Classification: More than just branching patterns of evolution Aliso 15:113-124.

Takhtajan, A.L. 1997. Diversity and classification of flowering plants Columbia Univ. Press, New York.

Thorne, R. F. 1992a. Classification and Geography of Flowering Plants Botanical Review 58: 225-348

Thorne, R.F. 1992b. An updated classification of the flowering plants Aliso 13:365-389.

Walters, D.R. and D.J. Keil. 1996. Vascular plant taxonomy (4th ed.) Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, Iowa.

Welzen, P.C. VAN. 1997. Paraphyletic groups or what should a classification entail Taxon 46:99-103.

Welzen, P.C. VAN. 1998. Phylogenetic versus Linnaean taxonomy, the continuing story Taxon 47:413-423.

Classificaton

Freudenstein, J.V. 1998. Paraphyly, ancestors, and classification--a response to Sosef and Brummitt Taxon 47:95-104.

Ethnobotany

Core, E.L. 1967. Ethnobotany of the southern Appalachian aborigines Econ. Bot. 21:199-214.

Cragg, G.M., M.R. Boyd, M.R. Grever, and S.A. Schepartz. 1995. Pharmaceutical prospecting and the potential for pharmaceutical crops, natural product drug discovery and development at the United States National Cancer Institute Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 82:47-53.

Foster, K.E., M.M. Karpiscak, J.G. Taylor, and N.G. Wright. 1983. Guayule, jojoba, buffalo gourd and russian thistle: Plant characteristics, products and commercialization potential Desert Pl. 5:112-117, 126.

Havard, V. 1896. Drink plant of the North American Indians Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23:33-46.

Heiser, C.B., Jr. 1993. Ethnobotany and economic botany. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds, Fl. North Amer. 1:199-206 Oxford Univ. Press, New York and Oxford.

Lampe, K.E. 1986. Contact dermatitis from Sonoran Desert plants Desert Pl. 8:32-37.

Lipscomb, B.L. and G.M. Diggs, Jr. 1998. The use of animal-dispersed seeds and fruits in forensic botany Sida 18 (In Press).

Mšhlenbach, V. 1979. Contributions to the synanthropic (adventive) flora of the railroads in St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 66:1-108.

Gymnosperms

Friedman, W.E. (symposium organizer). 1996. Biology and evolution of the Gnetales Int. J. Pl. Sci. 157 (Nov. 1966 suppl.):S1-S125.

Literature

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Webb, R.G. 1970. Reptiles of Oklahoma Univ. of Oklahoma Press, Norman.

Zahory, D. and M. Hopf. 1994. Domestication of plants in the Old World, 2nd ed Oxford Univ. Press, New York.

Monogaphic

Hausman, E.H. 1950. A Christmas herb Horticulture 28:437, 458.

Monographic

Bailey, L. H. 1886. A preliminary synopsis of North American Carices, including those of Mexico, Central America, and Greenland, with the American bibliography of the genus. Proceedings of the Amerian Academy of Arts and Sciences 22: 59-157.

Barkley, F. A. 1944. Shinus L. Brittonia 5(2):160-198.

Bohac, J. R., P. D. Dukes, and D. F. Austin. 1995. Sweetpotato. In: J. Smartt and N. W. Simmonds, eds. Evolution of Crop Plants, ed. 2 Pp. 57-62 Longman Group, Ltd., London.

Bradley, C.E. and A.J. Haagen-Smit. 1949. The essential oil of Pectis papposa Econ. Bot. 3:407-412.

Brainerd, E. 1911. The caulescent violets of the southeastern United States Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 38:191-198.

Buckley, S. B. 1860. Description of several new species of plants. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 443-445.

Caut, B.S. and J.F. Doebley. 1997. DNA sequence evidence for the segmental allotetraploid origin of maize Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94:6809-6814.

Clark, H. L. and J.W. Thieret. 1968. The duckweeds of Minnesota Michigan Bot. 7:67-76.

Clayton, W.D. 1968. The correct name of the common reed Taxon 17:168-169.

Clements, S. E. 1992. Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae of New York State. New York State Museum, Bulletin No. 485.

Conrad, H.S. 1905. The waterlilies: A monograph of the genus Nymphaea Publ. Carnegie Inst. Wash. 4:1-279.

Corcoran, Sister M.L. 1941. A revision of the subgenus Pycreus in North and South America Catholic Univ. Amer., Biol. Ser. 37:1-68.

Correll, D.S. 1937. The orchids of North Carolina J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 53:139-173.

Coughenour, M.B. 1985. Graminoid response to grazing by large herbivores: Adaptations, exaptations, and interacting processes Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 72:852-863.

Cronquist, A. and D.D. Keck. 1957. A reconstitution of the genus Machaeranthera Brittonia 9:231-239.

D'arcy, W.G., ed. and H. Eshbaugh. 1973. The name for the common bird pepper Phytologia 25:350.

Epling, C. and C. J?tiva. 1964. Revision del genero Satureja en America del Sur Brittonia 16:393-416.

Epling, C. and C. J?tiva. 1966. A descriptive key to the species of Satureja indigenous to North America Brittonia 18:244-248.

Fantz, P.R. 1977. A monograph of the genus Clitoria (Leguminosae: Glycineae) Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville.

Fassett, N.C. 1953. A monograph of Cabomba Castanea 18:116-128.

Fernald, M.L. 1897. A systematic study of the United States and Mexican species of Pectis Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 33:57-86.

Kent, D.H. 1967. Index to botanical monographs: A guide to monographs and taxonomic papers relating to phanerogams and vascular cryptogams found growing wild in the British Isles Published for the Botanical Society of the British Isles by Academic Press, London and New York.

Lundell, C. L. 1977. Studies of American plants. XIV. Wrightia 5(9):331-351.

McGregor, R.L. 1985b. Musk thistle in Kansas: Observations from 1940-1985 Contr. Univ. Kansas Herb. 14:1-13.

Morton, C.M., M.W. Chase, K.A. Kron, and S.M. Swensen. 1996 [1997]. A molecular evaluation of the monophyly of the order Ebenales based upon rbcL sequence data Syst. Bot. 21:567-586.

Morton, C.V. 1937. The correct names of the small-flowered mallows Rhodora 39:98-99.

Ralphs, M.H. 1992. Ecology, control, and grazing management of locoweeds in the western U.S. In: L.F. James, R.F. Keeler, E.M. Bailey, Jr., P.R. Cheeke, and M.P. Hegarty Poisonous plants: Proceedings of the third international symposium Pp. 528-533, Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames.

Rodman, J.E. 1990. Centrospermae revisited, part 1 Taxon 39:383-393.

Rodman, J.E., M.K. Oliver, R.R. Nakamura, J.U. McClammer, Jr., and A.H. Bledsoe. 1984. A taxonomic analysis and revisited classification of Centrospermae Syst. Bot. 9:297-323.

Rogers, G. K. 1984. The Zingiberales (Cannaceae, Marantaceae, and Zingiberaceae) in the southeastern United States. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 65(1):5-55.

Serna, A. E. and A. R. Lòpez-Ferrari. 1997. New combinations in Mexican Monocots II. Phytologia 82(2): 79-81. Note: this volume is marked February 1997 but was not published until November 1997.

Tellman, B. 1997. Exotic pest plant introduction in the American southwest Desert Pl. 13:3-9.

Thomas, C.C. 1936. The Chinese Jujube (originally issued 1924, revised 1936) U.S.D.A. Bull. 1215:1-14.

Natural History

Collins, S.L. and D.J. Gibson. 1990. Effects of fire on community structure in tallgrass and mixed-grass prairie. In: S.L. Collins and L.L. Wallace, eds Fire in North American tallgrass prairies Pp. 81-98, Univ. of Oklahoma Press, Norman.

Cox, P.A. 1988. Hydrophilous pollination Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 19:261-279.

Graham, A. 1993b. Historical factors and biological diversity in Mexico. In: T.P. Ramamoorthy, R. Bye, A. Lot, and J. Fa, eds Biological diversity of Mexico: Origins and distribution, Oxford Univ. Press, New York and Oxford.

Hamilton, W. 1983. Cretaceous and Cenozoic history of the northern continents Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 70:440-458.

Hibbard, C.W. 1960. An interpretation of Pliocene and Pleistocene climates in North America Michigan Acad. Sci. Arts Letters, 62nd Ann. Report (for 1959-1960), pp. 5-30.

Janzen, D.H. and P.S. Martin. 1982. Neotropical anachronisms: The fruits the gomphotheres ate Science 215:19-27.

Li, H.-L. 1952b. Floristic relationships between eastern Asia and eastern North America Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 42:371-409.

Martin, P.S. and B.E. Harrell. 1957. The Pleistocene history of temperate biotas in Mexico and eastern United States Ecology 38:488-479.

Martindale, I.C. 1876. The introduction of foreign plants Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 2:55-58.

Snow, D.W. 1981. Tropical frugivorous birds and their food plants: A world survey Biotropica 13:1-14.

Stebbins, G.L. 1985. Polyploidy, hybridization, and the invasion of new habitats Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 72:824-832.

Steila, D. 1993. Soils. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds, Fl. North Amer. 1:47-54 Oxford Univ. Press, New York and Oxford.

Thorne, R.F. 1993a. Phytogeography. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds, Fl. North Amer. 1:132-153 Oxford Univ. Press, New York and Oxford.

Tiffney, B.H. 1985. Perspectives on the origin of the floristic similarity between eastern Asia and eastern North America J. Arnold Arbor. 66:73-94.

Wood, C.E., Jr. 1970. Some floristic relationships between the southern Appalachians and western North America. In: P.C. Holt and R.A. Paterson, eds The distributional history of the biota of the southern Appalachians, Part II: Flora Pp. 321-404, Research Division Monog. 2, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA.

Nomenclature

Bowden, W.M. 1959b. The taxonomy and nomenclature of the wheats, barleys and ryes and their wild relatives Canad. J. Bot. 37:657-684.

Cantino, P.D. 1998. Binomials, hyphenated uninomials, and phylogenetic nomenclature Taxon 47:425-429.

Coombes, A.J. 1985. Dictionary of plant names Timber Press, Portland, OR.

Cronquist, A. and R.F. Thorne. 1994. Nomenclatural and taxonomic history. In: H.-D. Behnke and T.J. Mabry, eds Caryophyllales: Evolution and systematics Pp. 5-25, Springer-Verlag, New York.

Farr, E.R., J.A. Leussink, and F.A. Stafleu, eds. 1979. Index nominum genericorum (plantarum), Vol. 1, Aa-Epochnium Regnum Veg. 100.

Goodman, G.J. and C.A. Lawson. 1992. Two new combinations and a name change from the Long Expedition of 1820 Rhodora 94:381-382.

Greuter, W., F. R. Barrie, H. M. Burdet, W. G. Chaloner, V. Demoulin, D. L. Hawksworth, P. M. J?rgensen, D. H. Nicolson, P. C. Silva, P. 1994. (eds.). International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Tokyo Code). Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany.

Greuter, W., R.K. Brummitt, E. Farr, N. Kilian, P.M. Kirk, and P.S. Silva. 1993. Names in current use for extant plant genera Regnum Veg. 129.

Gupta, P.K. and B.R. Baum. 1986. Nomenclature and related taxonomic issues in wheats, triticales, and some of their wild relatives Taxon 35:144-149.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1989. Nomenclatural notes for the North American flora. I. Phytologia 67(6):461-467.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1990a. Nomenclatural notes for the North American flora. II. Phytologia 68(6):421-427.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1990b. Nomenclatural notes for the North American flora. III. Phytologia 69(3):129-137.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1990c. Nomenclatural notes for the North American flora. IV. Phytologia 69(4):301-312.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1991a. Nomenclatural notes for the North American flora. V. Phytologia 70(3):194-208.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1991b. Nomenclatural notes for the North American flora. VI. Phytologia 71(1):58-65.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1991c. Nomenclatural notes for the North American flora. VII. Phytologia 71(2):87-100.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1991d. Nomenclatural notes for the North American Flora. VIII. Phytologia 71(4):269-280.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1992b. Nomenclatural notes for the North American Flora. IX. Phytologia 72(1):17-30.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1992c. Nomenclatural notes for the North American Flora. X. Phytologia 72(2):80-92.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1992d. Nomenclatural notes for the North American Flora. XI. Phytologia 73(2):124-136.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1993. Nomenclatural notes for the North American Flora.XII. Phytologia 74(1):43-55.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1994. Nomenclatural notes for the North American Flora.XIII. Phytologia 76(6):441-457.

Kartesz, J. T. and K. N. Gandhi. 1995. Nomenclatural notes for the North American Flora.XIV. Phytologia 78(1):1-17. Note: this volume is marked January 1995 but was not published until July 1995.

Kunth, C. S. 1816. In. F. W. H. A. von Humbuldt, A. J. Bonpland, and C. S. Kunth, Nova genera et species plantarum. Vol. 1. Sumptibus librariae graeco-lantini-germanicae, Paris, France.

L™ve, ?. and D. L™VE. 1975 [1976]. Nomenclatural notes on Arctic plants Bot. Not. 128:497-523.

Schander, C. 1998a. Types, emendations and names--a reply to Lid‚n et al Taxon 47:401-406.

Smith, A.W. 1963. A gardener's book of plant names: A handbook of the meaning and origins of plant names Harper & Row, New York.

Spellenberg, R., R. Worthington, P. Knight, and R. Fletcher. 1986. Additions to the flora of New Mexico. Sida 11(4):455-470.

Stafleu, F. A. and R. S. Cowan. 1976. Taxonomic Literature, Vol. I: A-G. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema Publishers, Boston, MA.

Stafleu, F. A. and R. S. Cowan. 1979. Taxonomic Literature, Vol. II: H-Le. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema Publishers, Boston, MA.

Stafleu, F. A. and R. S. Cowan. 1981. Taxonomic Literature, Vol. III: Lh-O. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema Publishers, Boston, MA.

Stafleu, F. A. and R. S. Cowan. 1983. Taxonomic Literature, Vol. IV: P-Sak. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema Publishers, Boston, MA.

Stafleu, F. A. and R. S. Cowan. 1985. Taxonomic Literature, Vol. V: Sal-Ste. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema Publishers, Boston, MA.

Stafleu, F. A. and R. S. Cowan. 1986. Taxonomic Literature, Vol. VI: Sti-Vuy. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema Publishers, Boston, MA.

Stafleu, F. A. and R. S. Cowan. 1988. Taxonomic Literature, Vol. VII: W-Z. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema Publishers, Boston, MA.

Standley, P. C. 1920-1926. Trees and Shrubs of Mexico. Two Vols. (Parts 1-5). Contributions from the United States National Herbarium. Smithsonian Institution. Vol. 23, Washington, D.C.

Stanford, J. W. 1976. Keys to the Vascular Plants of the Texas Edwards Plateau and Adjacent Areas. Published by author, Howard Payne University, Brownwood, TX.

Weber, W. A. 1991. New names and combinations, principally in the Rocky Mountain flora. VIII. Phytologia 70(4):231-233.

Werner, G., R.K. Brummitt, E. Farr, N. Kilian, P.M. Kirk, and P.C. Silva. 1993. Names in current use for extant plant genera Regnum Veg. Vol. 129.

Willdenow, C. L. 1805. Species plantarum. Vol 4. G. C. Nauk, Berlin, Germany.

Pteridophytes

Dimichele, W.A. and J.E. Skog. 1992. The Lycopsida: A symposium Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79:447-449.

Fernald, M.L. 1950b. Adiantum capillus-veneris in the United States Rhodora 52:201-208.

Lellinger, D. B. 1985. A Field Manual of the Ferns & Fern-allies of the United States & Canada. Smithsonian Instituion Press, Washington, D.C.

Maxon, W. R. 1912. Notes on the North American species of Phaenrophlebia. Bulletin of theTorrey Botanical Club 39:23-28.

Page, C. N. 1976. The taxonomy of phytogeography of braken -- a review. Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany 73:1-34.

Paris, C.A. 1993. Adiantum. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds, Fl. North Amer. 2:125-130 Oxford Univ. Press, New York and Oxford.

Small, J.K. 1938. Ferns of the southeastern states The Science Press, Lancaster, PA.

Soják, J. 1972. Doplnky k nomenklature nekterych rodu (phanerogamae). Casopis Národnˇho Muzea. Oddˇl Prˇrodvedny 141:[1/2]:61-63.

Taylor, R.J. and C.E. Taylor. 1994. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma, 3rd ed Southeastern Oklahoma State Univ. Herbarium, Durant, OK.

Taylor, W.C. 1984. Arkansas ferns and fern allies Milwaukee Public Museum, Milwaukee, WI.

Thieret, J.W. 1980. Louisiana ferns and fern allies Lafayette Natural History Museum published in conjunction with the Univ. of Southwestern Louisiana, Lafayette.

Tryon, A. F., R. M. Tryon, and F. Badré. 1980. Classification, spores, and nomenclature of the marsh fern. Rhodora 82:461-474.

Tryon, R.M., Jr. and A.F. Tryon. 1982. Ferns and allied plants with special reference to tropical America Springer-Verlag, New York.

Wagner, W.H., Jr. and A.R. Smith. 1993. Pteridophytes. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds, Fl. North Amer. 1:247-266 Oxford Univ. Press, New York and Oxford.

Windham, M. D. 1993. New taxa and nomenclatural changes in the North American fern flora. Contributions from the University Michigan Herbarium 19:31-61.

Rare-Endangered

Center for Plant Conservation. 1995. 1995 Plant Conservation Directory. Published by Center for Plant Conservation, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Luis, MO.

Elias, T.S. 1977. Threatened and endangered species problems in North America An overview. In: G.T. Prance and T.S. Elias, eds, Extinction is forever Pp. 13-16, New York Bot. Garden, Bronx.

Federal Register. 1979. Fish and Wildlife Service, endangered and threatened wildlife and plants 44(209):1-916. United States Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Systematics

Boufford, D.E. and S.A. Spongberg. 1983. Eastern Asian-eastern North American phytogeographical relationships-A history from the time of Linnaeus to the twentieth century Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 70:423-439.

Brummitt, R.K. 1997. Taxonomy versus cladonomy, a fundamental controversy in biological systematics Taxon 46:723-734.

Chase, M.W. et al. (multiple authors). 1993. Phylogenetics of seed plants: an analysis of nucleotide sequences from the plastid gene rbcL Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80:528-580.

Doyle, J.A., M.J. Donoghue, and E.A. Zimmer. 1994. Integration of morphological and ribosomal RNA data on the origin of angiosperms Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 81:419-450.

Duvall, M.R. et al. (multiple authors). 1993. Phylogenetic hypotheses for the monocotyledons constructed from rbcL sequence data Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80:607-619.

Estes, J.R., R.J. Tyrl, and J.N. Brunken. 1982. Grasses and grasslands: systematics and ecology Univ. of Oklahoma Press, Norman.

Giannasi, D.E., G. Zurawski, G. Learn, and M.T. Clegg. 1992. Evolutionary relationships of the Caryophyllidae based on comparative rbcL sequences Syst. Bot. 17:1-15.

Gilbert, L.E. 1980. Ecological consequences of a coevolved mutualism between butterflies and plants. In: L.E. Gilbert and P.H. Raven, eds Coevolution of plants and animals, revised ed Pp. 210-240, Univ. of Texas Press, Austin.

Hamby, R.K. and E. A. Zimmer. 1992. Ribosomal RNA as a phylogenetic tool in plant systematics In: P.S. Soltis, D.E. Soltis, and J.J. Doyle, eds, Molecular systematics of plants Pp. 50-91, Chapman and Hall, New York.

Hara, H. 1969b. Remarkable examples of speciation in Asiatic plants Amer. J. Bot. 56:732-737.

Heiser, C.B., Jr. 1990b. New perspectives on the orgin and evolution of New World domesticated plants: Summary Econ. Bot. 44 (Suppl.):111-116.

Holmgren, P.K., N.H. Holmgren, and L.C. Barnett. 1990. Index herbariorum Part 1: The herbaria of the world, Regnum Veg. Vol. 120.

Jones, S.B. and A.E. Luchsinger. 1986. Plant systematics, 2nd ed McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.

Judd, W.S., R.W. Sanders, and M.J. Donoghue. 1994. Angiosperm family pairs: Preliminary phylogenetic analyses Harvard Pap. Bot. 5:1-51.

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum.... 2 vols Stockholm.

Linnaeus, C. 1754. Genera Plantarum, ed. 5 Stockholm.

Manos, P.S., K.C. Nixon, and J.J. Doyle. 1993. Cladistic analysis of restriction site variation within the chloroplast DNA inverted repeat region of selected Hamamelididae Syst. Bot. 18:551-562.

Meacham, C.A. 1994. Phylogenetic relationships at the basal radiation of angiosperms: Further study by probability of character compatibility Syst. Bot. 19:506-522.

Olmstead, R.G., B. Bremer, K.M. Scott, and J.D. Palmer. 1993. A parsimony analysis of the Asteridae sensu lato based on rbcL sequences Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80:700-722.

Olmstead, R.G., H.J. Michaels, K.M. Scott, and J.D. Palmer. 1992. Monophyly of the Asteridae and identification of their major lineages inferred from DNA sequences of rbcL Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79:249-265.

Porter, C.L. 1967. Taxonomy of flowering plants, 2nd ed W.H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco, CA.

Radford, A.E., W.C. Dickison, J.R. Massey, and C.R. Bell. 1974. Vascular plant systematics Harper and Row Publishers, New York.

Raven, P.H. and D.I. Axelrod. 1974. Angiosperm phylogeny and past continental movements Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61:539-673.

Reveal, J.L. 1993a. A splitter's guide to the higher taxa of the flowering plants (Magnoliophyta) generally arranged to follow the sequence proposed by Thorne (1992) with certain modifications Phytologia 74:203-263.

Spjut, R.W. 1994. A systematic treatment of fruit types Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 70:1-181.

Stuessy, T. F. 1990. Plant Taxonomy: The Systematic Evaluation of Comparative Data. Columbia University Press, New York.

Woodland, D.W. 1997. Contemporary plant systematics, 2nd ed Andrews Univ. Press, Berrien Springs, MI.

Vegetation

Barbour, M.G. and N.L. Christensen. 1993. Vegetation. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds, Fl. North Amer. 1:97-131 Oxford Univ. Press, New York and Oxford.

Block, E. 1985. The chemistry of garlic and onion Sci. Amer. 252(3):114-119.

Graham, A. 1993a. History of the vegetation: Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)-Tertiary. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds, Fl. North Amer. 1:57-70 Oxford Univ. Press, New York and Oxford.

Hsš, J. 1983. Late Cretaceious and Cenozoic vegetation in China, emphasizing their connections with North America Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 70:490-508.

Jurney, D.H. 1987. Presettlement vegetation recorded in land surveyors' notes. In: D.H. Jurney and R.W. Moir Historic buildings, material culture, and people of the prairie margin, Richland Creek Technical Series Volume V Pp. 211-227, Archaeology Research Program, Institute for the Study of Earth and Man, Southern Methodist Uni

Kuchler, A.W. 1974. A new vegetation map of Kansas Ecology 55:586-604.

Miranda, F. and A.J. Sharp. 1950. Characteristics of the vegetation in certain temperate regions of eastern Mexico Ecology 31:313-333.

Riskind, D.O. and D.D. Diamond. 1988. An introduction to environments and vegetation. In: B.B. Amos and F.R. Gehlbach, eds Edwards Plateau vegetation: Plant ecological studies in central Texas Pp.1-15, Baylor Univ. Press, Waco, TX.

Wildflowers

Rickett, H. W. 1969. Wildflowers of the United States: Vol. 3: parts 1 and 2: Texas. Macgraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Woody Plants

Benson, L. and R. A. Darrow. 1954. Trees and Shrubs of the Southwestern Deserts. 2nd ed. University of Arizona Press, Tuscon, AZ.

Benson, L. and R. A. Darrow. 1981. Trees and Shrubs of the Southwestern Deserts. 3rd ed. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ.

Coker, W.C. 1944. The woody smilaxes of the United States J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 60:27-69.

Conrad, J. 1992. A brief history of the bois d'arc tree Commerce Bois d'Arc Bash, Commerce, TX.

Dallimore, W. and A.B. Jackson. 1931. A handbook of Coniferae including Ginkgoaceae Edward Arnold & Co., London, England, U.K.

Doyle, J.A. 1996. Seed plant phylogeny and the relationships of Gnetales. In: W.E. Friedman (symposium organizer) Biology and evolution of the Gnetales, Int. J. Pl. Sci. 157 (Nov. 1966 suppl.):S3-S39.

Eckenwalder, J.E. 1993. Gymnosperms. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds, Fl. North Amer. 1:267-271 Oxford Univ. Press, New York and Oxford.

Elias, T. S. 1980. The complete trees of North America. Book Division, Times Mirror Magazines, Inc. New York.

Elias, T.S. 1989. Field guide to North American Trees Grolier Book Clubs Inc., Danbury, CT.

Little, E.L. 1970. Endemic, disjunct and northern trees in the southern Appalachians. In: P.C. Holt and R.A. Paterson, eds The distributional history of the biota of the southern Appalachians, Part II: Flora Pp. 249-290, Research Division Monog. 2, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA.

Little, E.L. 1971. Atlas of United States trees, Vol. 1, Conifers and important hardwoods U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Misc. Publ. No. 1146.

Little, E.L. 1976. Atlas of United States trees, Vol. 3, Minor western hardwoods U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Misc. Publ. No. 1314.

Little, E.L. 1976 [1977]. Atlas of United States trees, Vol. 4, Minor eastern hardwoods U.S.D.A. Forest Serv. Misc. Publ. No. 1342.

Little, E.L. 1983. North American trees with relationships in eastern Asia Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 70:605-615.

Peattie, D.C. 1948. A natural history of trees of eastern and central North America Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, MA.

Sargent, C. S. 1922. Manual of the Trees of North America. Houton, Mifflin, and Co., Boston, MA.

Sargent, C. S. 1965. Manual of the trees of North America Vol. 1-2. 2nd ed. Dover Publications, New York.

Sargent, C.S. 1918. Notes on North American trees III, Tilia, Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 66:421-438, 494-511.

Stahle, D.W. 1990. The tree-ring record of false spring in the southcentral USA Ph.D. dissertation, Arizona State Univ., Tempe.

Stahle, D.W. 1996a. Tree rings and ancient forest history. In: M.B. Davis, ed;Eastern old-growth forests: Prospects for rediscovery and recovery Chapter 22, Pp. 321-343, Island Press, Washington, D.C.

Stahle, D.W. 1996b. Tree rings and ancient forest relics Arnoldia 56:2-10.

Stahle, D.W. and J.G. Hehr. 1984. Dendroclimatic relationships of post oak across a precipitation gradient in the southcentral United States Ann. Ass. Amer. Geographers 74:561-573.

Stahle, D.W. and M.K. Cleaveland. 1993. Southern oscillation extremes reconstructed from tree rings of the Sierra Madre Occidental and southern Great Plains J. Climate 6:129-140.

Stahle, D.W. and P.L. Chaney. 1994. A predictive model for the location of ancient forests Nat. Areas J. 14:151-158.

Stahle, D.W., M.K. Cleaveland, and J.G. Hehr. 1988. North Carolina climate changes reconstructed from tree rings: A.D. 372 to 1985 Science 240:1517-1519.

Sudworth, G.B. 1934. Poplars, principle tree willows and walnuts of the Rocky Mountain region U.S.D.A. Tech. Bull. 420:1-112.

Vines, R. A. 1960. Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of the Southwest. University of Texas Press, Austin.

Wood, C.E., Jr. 1958. The genera of the woody Ranales in the southeastern United States J. Arnold Arbor. 39:296-346.