Bibiography:  Reference Listing
for the Cactaceae


Barthlott, W. and D. R. Hunt. 1993. Cactaceae. In: In: K. Kubitzki, J.C. Rohwer, and V. Bittrich, eds, The families and genera of vascular plants, Vol. II Pp. 161-197 Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Benson, L. 1969. Cactaceae. Flora of Texas, Vol. 2, part 2. Texas Research Foundation. Renner, TX.

Benson, L. 1982. The Cacti of the United States and Canada. Stanford University Press. Stanford, CA.

Breckenridge, F. G., III and J. M. Miller. 1982. Pollination biology, distribution and chemotaxonomy of the Echinocereus enneacathus complex (Cactaceae). Systematic Botany 7(4):365-378.

Britton, N.L. and J.N. Rose. 1919-1923. The Cactaceae: descriptions and illustrations of plants of the cactus family, 4 vols Publ. No. 248, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C.

Britton, N.L. and J.N. Rose. 1937. The Cactaceae: descriptions and illustrations of plants of the cactus family, 4 vols Reprinted from the original Carnegie Institution of Washington printing, Publ. No. 248, 1919-1923, Scott E. Haselton, Abbey San Encino Press, Pasadena, CA.

Britton, N.L. and J.N. Rose. 1963. The Cactaceae: descriptions and illustrations of plants of the cactus family Republication of the 1937 edition in 4 vols. bound as 2 vols. by Dover Publications, Inc., New York.

Craig, R.T. 1945. The Mammillaria handbook Abbey Garden Press, Pasadena, CA.

Ferguson, D. J. 1986. Opuntia chisoensis (Anthony) comb. nov. Cactus and Succulent Journal 58:165-177.

Ferguson, D. J. 1989. Revision of the U.S. members of the Echinocereus triglochidiatus group. Cactus and Succulent Journal 61:217-224.

Ferguson, D. J. 1991. In defense of the genus Glandulicactus Backeb. Cactus and Succulent Journal 63:87-91.

Ferguson, D. J. 1992. The genus Echinocactus Link & Otto, subgenus Homalcephala (Britton & Rose) stat. nov. Cactus and Succulent Journal 64:169-172.

Frank, G. R. W 2000. Neue Erkenntnisse zur Einstufung des Echinocereus pectinatus ssp. ctenoides. Kakt. andere Sukkul. 51(1): 19-23

Grant, V. and K. A. Grant. 1979b. Systematics of the Opuntia phaeacantha group in Texas. Botanical Gazette 140:199-207.

Grant, V. and K.A. Grant. 1979a,. The pollination spectrum in the southwestern American cactus flora Pl. Syst. Evol. 133:29-37.

Grant, V. and K.A. Grant. 1979c. Hybridization and variation in the Opuntia phaeacantha group in central Texas Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 140:208-215.

Grant, V. and K.A. Grant. 1982a. Natural pentaploids in the Opuntia lindheimeri-phaeacantha group in Texas Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 143:117-120.

Grant, V. and K.A. Grant. 1982b. Systematics of the Opuntia phaeacantha group in Texas Bot. Gaz. (Crawfordsville) 140:199-207.

Grant, V. and P.D. Hurd. 1979. Pollination of the southwestern Opuntias Pl. Syst. Evol. 133:15-28.

Grant, V., K.A. Grant, and P.D. Hurd. 1979. Pollination of Opuntia lindheimeri and related species Pl. Syst. Evol. 132:313-320.

Heath, P. V. 1992. The type of Ancistrocactus (Cactaceae). Taxon 41(2):329-331.

Heil, K. D. and S. Brack. 1986. The cacti of Guadalupe Mountains National Park. Cactus and Succulent Journal 58:165-177.

Heil, K. D. and S. Brack. 1988. The cacti of Big Bend National Park. Cactus and Succulent Journal 60:17-34.

Heil, K., B. Armstrong, and D. Schleser. 1981. A review of the genus Pediocactus. Cactus and Succulent Journal 53:17-39.

Hershkovitz, M.A. and E.A. Zimmer. 1997. On the evolutionary origins of the cacti Taxon 46:217-232.

Hunt, D.R. 1978. Amplification of the genus Escobaria Cact. Succ. J. Gr. Brit. 40:13.

Leuenberger, B. E. 1991. Interpretation and typification of Cactus ficus-indica L. and Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Miller (Cactaceae). Taxon 40(4):621-627.

Leuenberger, B. E. 1993. Interpretation and typification of Cactus opuntia L., Opuntia vulgaris Mill., and O. humifusa (Rafin.) Rafin. (Cactaceae). Taxon 42(2):419-429.

Maddox, E. 1986. Homalocephala texensis 'Texas Horse Crippler'. Cactus and Succulent Journal 58:218-221.

Maddox, E. and C. Glass. 1991. Unique cacti unique to Texas. Cactus and Succulent Journal 63:22-26.

Marshall, W.T. and T.M. Bock. 1941. Cactaceae Abbey Garden Press, Pasadena, CA.

Mellen, G. 1991. The Echiocereus fendleri controversy. Cactus and Succulent Journal 63:208-212.

Pinkava, D. J. and B. D. Parfitt. 1988. Nomenclatural changes in Chihuahuan Desert Opuntia (Cactaceae). Sida 13(2):125-130.

Pinkava, D. J., B. D. Parfitt, M. A. Baker, and R. D. Worthington. No Date. Chromosome numbers in some cacti of western North America--VI, with nomenclatural changes. Madroño 39(2):98-113.

Powell, A. M., A. D. Zimmerman, R. A. Hilsenbeck. 1991. Experimental documentation of natural hybridization in Cactaceae: origin of Lloyd's hedgehog cactus, Echinocereus x lloydii. Plant Systematics and Evolution 178:107-122.

Powell, A. M.and James F. Weedin 2001. Chromosome numbers in Chihuahuan Desert Cactaceae. III. Trans-Pecos Texas Am. J. Bot. 88: 481-485.

Ralston, B. E. and R. A. Hilsenbeck. 1989. Taxonomy of the Opuntia schottii complex (Cactaceae) in Texas. Madroño 36:221-231.

Ralston, B. E. and R. A. Hilsenbeck. 1992. Opuntia densipina (Cactaceae). A new club cholla from the Big Bend Region of Texas. Madroño 39: 281-284.

Schulz, E. D. and R. Ruyon. 1930. Texas Cacti: A Popular and Scientific Account of the Cacti Native of Texas. Texas Academy of Science Publishers, San Antonio, TX.

Taylor, N. P. 1979. Notes on Ferocactus B. & R. Cactus and Succulent Journal of Great Britain 41:88-94.

Taylor, N. P. 1985. The genus Echinocereus. The Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

Taylor, N.P. 1978. Review of the genus Escobaria Cact. Succ. J. Gr. Brit. 40:31-37.

Weniger, D. 1970. Cacti of the southwest Univ. of Texas Press, Austin.

Weniger, D. 1984. Cacti of Texas and Neighboring States, A Field Guide. University of Texas Press, Austin.

Zimmerman, A. D. 1985. Systematics of the genus Coryphantha (Cactaceae). Ph.D. Disseration. The University of Texas, Austin.