Orchidaceae
(THE ORCHID FAMILY)
Biota of North America Program
Texas A&M University Bioinformatics Working Group
Standardized nomenclature following © John T. Kartesz. 1996. Revision: A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. The Biota of North America Program of the North Carolina Botanical Garden . This listing features updates (1996) of BONAP nomenclature, use of common names derived from BONAP data, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service data on endangered/threatened taxa, and information on Texas taxa taken from a database developed from Stephan L. Hatch, Kancheepuram N. Gandhi, and Larry E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Texas (now in the process of proofing).

Amerorchis Hultén - ROUND-LEAF ORCHID

    rotundifolia (Banks ex Pursh) Hultén Synonymy: Orchis rotundifolia Banks ex Pursh , Orchis rotundifolia var. lineata Mousley

    Anoectochilus Blume - JEWELED ORCHID

      sandvicensis Lindl. Synonymy: Anoectochilus apiculatus L.O. Williams & Fosberg

      Aplectrum Torr. - ADAM-AND-EVE

        hyemale (Muhl. ex Willd.) Torr.

        Arethusa L. - DRAGON'S-MOUTH

          bulbosa L.

          Arundina Blume - BAMBOO ORCHID

            graminifolia (D. Don) Hochr. Synonymy: Arundina bambusifolia (Roxb.) Lindl.

            Basiphyllaea Schlechter - CRAB ORCHID

              angustifolia Schlechter

              corallicola (Small) Ames

              Bletia Ruiz & Pav˘n - PINE-PINK

                patula Hook. Synonymy: Bletia patula var. alba A.D. Hawkes

                purpurea (Lam.) DC.

                Bletilla Reichenb. f. - URN ORCHID

                  striata (Thunb.) Reichenb. f.

                  Brachionidium Lindl. - CUP ORCHID

                    ciliolatum Garay

                    distichophylla (Trin.) Stapf.

                    parvum Cogn.

                    Brassavola R. Br. ex Ait. f. - DADDY-LONG-LEGS

                      cucullata (L.) Ait. f. Synonymy: Epidendrum cucullatum L.

                      nodosa (L.) Lindl. Synonymy: Epidendrum nodosum L.

                      Brassia R. Br. ex Ait. f. - CRICKET ORCHID

                        caudata (L.) Lindl.

                        Bulbophyllum Thouars - RAT-TAIL ORCHID

                          pachyrrachis (A. Rich.) Griseb. Synonymy: Bolbophyllaria pachyrrachis A. Rich.

                          Calopogon R. Br. ex Ait. f. - GRASS-PINK

                            barbatus (Walt.) Ames Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Bearded grasspink (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Limodorum parviflorum (Lindl.) Nash

                            multiflorus Lindl. Synonymy: Limodorum multiflorum (Lindl.) C. Mohr , Limodorum pinetorum Small

                            oklahomensis D.H. Goldman

                            pallidus Chapman Synonymy: Limodorum pallidum (Chapman) C. Mohr

                            tuberosus (L.) B.S.P. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Grasspink (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                              var. simpsonii (Chapman) Magrath Synonymy: Calopogon pulchellus var. simpsonii (Chapman) Ames , Limodorum simpsonii (Chapman) Small

                              var. tuberosus Synonymy: Calopogon pulchellus R. Br. ex Ait. f. , Calopogon pulchellus var. latifolius (St. John) Fern. , Calopogon tuberosus var. latifolius (St. John) Boivin , Limodorum tuberosum L.

                            Calypso Salisb. - FAIRY-SLIPPER ORCHID

                              bulbosa (L.) Oakes

                                var. americana (R. Br. ex Ait. f.) Luer Synonymy: Cytherea bulbosa (L.) House p.p.

                                var. occidentalis (Holz.) Boivin Synonymy: Calypso bulbosa ssp. occidentalis (Holz.) Calder & Taylor

                              Campylocentrum Benth. - BENT-SPUR ORCHID

                                fasciolum (Lindl.) Cogn. Synonymy: Campylocentrum sullivanii Fawcett & Rendle

                                micranthum (Lindl.) Rolfe Synonymy: Campylocentrum jamaicense (Reichenb. f.) Benth.

                                monteverdii (Reichenb. f.) Rolfe

                                pachyrrhizum (Reichenb. f.) Rolfe

                                pygmaeum Cogn.

                                Cephalanthera L.C. Rich. - PHANTOM ORCHID

                                  austiniae (Gray) Heller Synonymy: Eburophyton austiniae (Gray) Heller

                                  Cleistes L.C. Rich. ex Lindl. - ROSEBUD ORCHID

                                    bifaria (Fern.) Catling & Gregg Synonymy: Cleistes divaricata var. bifaria Fern.

                                    divaricata (L.) Ames Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Spreading cleistes, spreading pogonia (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Pogonia divaricata (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.

                                    Cochleanthes Raf. - FAN-SHAPE ORCHID

                                      flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schultes & Garay Synonymy: Warszewiczella flabelliformis (Sw.) Cogn.

                                      Coelia Lindl. - COELIA

                                        triptera (Sm.) G. Don ex Steud. Synonymy: Hormidium tripterum (Sm.) Cogn.

                                        Coeloglossum Hartman - FROG ORCHID

                                          viride (L.) Hartman

                                            var. virescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) Luer Synonymy: Coeloglossum bracteatum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Parl. , Coeloglossum viride ssp. bracteatum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Hultén , Habenaria bracteata (Muhl. ex Willd.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. , Habenaria viridis var. bracteata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Reichenb. ex Gray

                                            var. viride Synonymy: Coeloglossum viride var. islandicum (Lindl.) Schulze , Habenaria viridis (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. , Habenaria viridis var. interjecta Fern.

                                          Comparettia Poepp. & Endl. - SNAIL ORCHID

                                            falcata Poepp. & Endl.

                                            Corallorrhiza Gagnebin - CORALROOT

                                              maculata (Raf.) Raf. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Spotted coralroot, large coralroot (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Corallorrhiza maculata var. flavida (M.E. Peck) Cockerell , Corallorrhiza maculata var. immaculata M.E. Peck , Corallorrhiza maculata var. intermedia Farw. , Corallorrhiza maculata var. occidentalis (Lindl.) Cockerell , Corallorrhiza maculata var. punicea Bartlett , Corallorrhiza multiflora Nutt.

                                              mertensiana Bong. Synonymy: Corallorrhiza maculata ssp. mertensiana (Bong.) Calder & Taylor

                                              odontorhiza (Willd.) Nutt. Synonymy: Corallorrhiza micrantha Chapman

                                              striata Lindl. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Striped coralroot (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                var. striata Synonymy: Corallorrhiza ochroleuca Rydb. , Corallorrhiza striata var. flavida Todsen & Todsen , Corallorrhiza striata var. ochroleuca (Rydb.) Magrath

                                                var. vreelandii (Rydb.) L.O. Williams Synonymy: Corallorrhiza bigelovii S. Wats.

                                              trifida Chatelain Synonymy: Corallorrhiza corallorrhiza (L.) Karst. , Corallorrhiza trifida var. verna (Nutt.) Fern.

                                              wisteriana Conrad Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Wister coralroot, spring coralroot (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                              Corymborchis Thouars - CROW ORCHID

                                                flava (Sw.) Kuntze

                                                Cranichis Sw. - HELMET ORCHID

                                                  muscosa Sw.

                                                  ricartii Ackerman Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered. The FWS range of distribution is: U.S.A. (PR). Listed on November 29, 1991 (Volume 56 Federal Register 60937).

                                                  tenuis Reichenb. f.

                                                  Cypripedium L. - LADY'S-SLIPPER

                                                    acaule Ait. Synonymy: Fissipes acaulis (Ait.) Small

                                                    X andrewsii A.M. Fuller [candidum X parviflorum] Synonymy: Cypripedium X andrewsii var. landonii (Garay) Boivin (pro nm.)

                                                    arietinum Ait. f. Synonymy: Criosanthes arietina (Ait. f.) House

                                                    californicum Gray

                                                    candidum Muhl. ex Willd.

                                                    fasciculatum Kellogg ex S. Wats.

                                                    X favillianum J.T. Curtis [candidum X pubescens] Synonymy: Cypripedium X andrewsii var. favillianum (J.T. Curtis) Boivin (pro nm.)

                                                    guttatum Sw.

                                                      var. guttatum

                                                      var. yatabeanum (Makino) Pfitzer Synonymy: Cypripedium guttatum ssp. yatabeanum (Makino) Hultén , Cypripedium yatabeanum Makino

                                                    kentuckiense C.F. Reed Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                    X landonii Gray (pro sp.) [favillianum X parviflorum]

                                                    montanum Dougl. ex Lindl.

                                                    parviflorum Salisb. Synonymy: Cypripedium calceolus ssp. parviflorum (Salisb.) Hultén , Cypripedium calceolus var. parviflorum (Salisb.) Fern.

                                                    passerinum Richards. Synonymy: Cypripedium passerinum var. minganense Victorin

                                                    planipetalum (Fern.) Morris & Eames Synonymy: Cypripedium calceolus var. planipetalum (Fern.) Victorin & Rouss.

                                                    pubescens Willd. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Yellow ladyslipper (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens (Willd.) Correll , Cypripedium furcatum Raf. , Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens (Willd.) Knight

                                                    reginae Walt.

                                                    Cyrtopodium R. Br. ex Ait. f. - COW-HORN ORCHID

                                                      andersonii (Lamb. ex Andr.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.

                                                      punctatum (L.) Lindl.

                                                      Dactylorhiza Neck. ex Nevski - KEYFLOWER

                                                        aristata (Fisch. ex Lindl.) So˘

                                                          var. aristata Synonymy: Orchis aristata Fisch. ex Lindl.

                                                          var. kodiakensis Luer & Luer f.

                                                        incarnata (L.) So˘ (NOTE: Presence in the North American flora not certain. Please contact BONAP if vouchered records are available.)

                                                        maculata (L.) So˘ Synonymy: Orchis maculata L.

                                                        Dendrobium Sw. - LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY ORCHID

                                                          scopa Lindl.

                                                          Dichaea Lindl. - LEAF-STEM ORCHID

                                                            hystricina Reichenb. f.

                                                            muricata (Sw.) Lindl.

                                                            swartzii (C. Schweinf.) Garay & Sweet Synonymy: Dichaea echinocarpa (Sw.) Lindl.

                                                            Dilomilis Raf. - PARROT-BEAK ORCHID

                                                              montana (Sw.) Summerhayes Synonymy: Octadesmia montana (Sw.) Benth.

                                                              Domingoa Schlechter - MONA

                                                                haematochila (Reichenb. f.) Carabia Synonymy: Domingoa hymenodes (Reichenb. f.) Schlechter

                                                                Elleanthus K. Presl - PRAYING-VIRGIN

                                                                  cordidactylus Ackerman

                                                                  linifolius K. Presl

                                                                  Eltroplectris Raf. - LONG-CLAW ORCHID

                                                                    calcarata (Hook. f.) Garay & Sweet Synonymy: Centrogenium setaceum (Lindl.) Schlechter , Eltroplectris acuminata Raf. , Pelexia setacea Lindl.

                                                                    Encyclia Hook. - BUTTERFLY ORCHID

                                                                      bifida (Aubl.) Britt. & Wilson Synonymy: Encyclia papilionacea (Vahl) Schlechter , Epidendrum bifidum Aubl. , Epidendrum brittonianum A.D. Hawkes

                                                                      boothiana (Lindl.) Dressler Synonymy: Encyclia boothiana var. erythronioides (Small) Luer , Epicladium boothianum (Lindl.) Small , Epidendrum erythronioides Small

                                                                      cochleata (L.) Lemée

                                                                        var. cochleata Synonymy: Anacheilium cochleatum (L.) Hoffmgg. , Epidendrum cochleatum L.

                                                                        var. triandra (Ames) Dressler Synonymy: Anacheilium cochleatum var. triandrum (Ames) Sauleda, Wunderlin & B.F. Hansen , Epidendrum cochleatum var. triandrum Ames

                                                                      fucata (Lindl.) Britt. & Millsp. Synonymy: Epidendrum fucatum Lindl.

                                                                      gravida (Lindl.) Schlechter Synonymy: Epidendrum oncidioides var. gravidum Lindl.

                                                                      pygmaea (Hook.) Dressler Synonymy: Epidendrum pygmaeum Hook. , Hormidium pygmaeum (Hook.) Benth. & Hook. f.

                                                                      rufa (Lindl.) Britt. & Millsp.

                                                                      sintenisii (Reichenb. f.) Britt. Synonymy: Epidendrum sintenisii Reichenb. f.

                                                                      tampensis (Lindl.) Small Synonymy: Epidendrum tampense Lindl.

                                                                      Epidendrum L. - STAR ORCHID

                                                                        belvederense Fawcett & Rendle Synonymy: Epidendrum isochilum var. tridens Reichenb. f.

                                                                        blancheanum Urban Synonymy: Epidendrum acunae Dressler

                                                                        ciliare L. Synonymy: Auliza ciliaris (L.) Salisb.

                                                                        conopseum Ait. f. Synonymy: Amphiglottis conopsea (Ait. f.) Small

                                                                        difforme Jacq. Synonymy: Amphiglottis corymbosa (Lindl.) Britt. , Amphiglottis difformis (Jacq.) Britt. , Epidendrum jamaicense Lindl. , Epidendrum moirianum A.D. Hawkes , Neolehmannia difformis (Jacq.) Pabst

                                                                        ibaguense Kunth

                                                                        lacerum Lindl. Synonymy: Amphiglottis lacera (Lindl.) Britt.

                                                                        latifolium (Lindl.) Garay & Sweet

                                                                        nocturnum Jacq. Synonymy: Amphiglottis nocturna (Jacq.) Britt.

                                                                        X obrienianum Rolfe [evectum X ibaguense]

                                                                        pallidiflorum Hook. Synonymy: Amphiglottis pallidiflora (Hook.) Britt.

                                                                        patens Sw.

                                                                        pseudoramosum Schlechter

                                                                        ramosum Jacq. Synonymy: Spathiger ramosus (Jacq.) Britt.

                                                                        rigidum Jacq. Synonymy: Spathiger rigidus (Jacq.) Britt.

                                                                        secundum Jacq. Synonymy: Amphiglottis anceps (Jacq.) Britt. , Amphiglottis secunda (Jacq.) Britt. , Epidendrum anceps Jacq.

                                                                        serrulatum Sw.

                                                                        strobiliferum Reichenb. f. Synonymy: Spathiger strobilifera (Reichenb. f.) Small

                                                                        vicentinum Lindl. Synonymy: Epidendropsis vicentina (Lindl.) Dunsterville & Garay

                                                                        Epipactis Zinn - HELLEBORINE

                                                                          atrorubens (O. Hoffmann) Bess. Synonymy: Epipactis rubiginosa Gaud. ex W.D.J. Koch , Serapias atrorubens O. Hoffmann

                                                                          gigantea Dougl. ex Hook. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Stream eepipactis, stream orchis, giant helleborine (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                          helleborine (L.) Crantz Synonymy: Epipactis latifolia (L.) All. , Serapias helleborine L.

                                                                          Erythrodes Blume - FALSE HELMET ORCHID

                                                                            hirtella (Sw.) Fawcett & Rendle Synonymy: Physurus hirtellus (Sw.) Lindl.

                                                                            plantaginea (L.) Fawcett & Rendle Synonymy: Physurus plantagineus (L.) Lindl.

                                                                            Eulophia R. Br. ex Lindl. - WILD COCO

                                                                              alta (L.) Fawcett & Rendle Synonymy: Platypus altus (L.) Small

                                                                              Eurystyles Wawra - CUSTARD ORCHID

                                                                                ananassocomos (Reichenb. f.) Schlechter

                                                                                Galeandra Lindl. & F.A. Bayer - HOODED ORCHID

                                                                                  beyrichii Reichenb. f.

                                                                                  Galearis Raf. - SHOWY ORCHID

                                                                                    spectabilis (L.) Raf. Synonymy: Galeorchis spectabilis (L.) Rydb. , Orchis spectabilis L.

                                                                                    Goodyera R. Br. ex Ait. f. - RATTLESNAKE-PLANTAIN

                                                                                      oblongifolia Raf. Synonymy: Goodyera decipiens (Hook.) F.T. Hubbard , Goodyera oblongifolia var. reticulata Boivin , Peramium decipiens (Hook.) Piper

                                                                                      pubescens (Willd.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. Synonymy: Peramium pubescens (Willd.) MacM.

                                                                                      repens (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. Synonymy: Goodyera ophioides (Fern.) Rydb. , Goodyera repens ssp. ophioides (Fern.) A. Löve & Simon , Goodyera repens var. ophioides Fern. , Peramium ophioides (Fern.) Rydb.

                                                                                      tesselata Lodd. Synonymy: Peramium tesselatum (Lodd.) Heller

                                                                                      Govenia Lindl. - GOVENIA

                                                                                        utriculata (Sw.) Lindl. Synonymy: Govenia liliacea Lindl.

                                                                                        Gymnadenia R. Br. ex Ait. f. - FRAGRANT ORCHID

                                                                                          conopsea (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. Synonymy: Habenaria conopsea (L.) Benth.

                                                                                          Habenaria Willd. - FALSE REIN ORCHID

                                                                                            alata Hook.

                                                                                            distans Griseb.

                                                                                            dussii Cogn.

                                                                                            eustachya Reichenb. f.

                                                                                            monorrhiza (Sw.) Reichenb. f.

                                                                                            odontopetala Reichenb. f. Synonymy: Habenaria strictissima var. odontopetala (Reichenb. f.) L.O. Williams , Habenella odontopetala (Reichenb. f.) Small

                                                                                            quinqueseta (Michx.) Eat. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Pine hebenaria, long-horned habenaria (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                              var. macroceratitis (Willd.) Luer Synonymy: Habenaria habenaria (L.) Small

                                                                                              var. quinqueseta

                                                                                            repens Nutt. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Nuttall habenaria, creeping orchis, water spider orchid (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Platanthera repens (Nutt.) Wood

                                                                                            Harrisella Fawcett & Rendle - AIRPLANT ORCHID

                                                                                              filiformis (Sw.) Cogn. Synonymy: Campylocentrum filiforme (Sw.) Rolfe , Harrisella porrecta (Reichenb. f.) Fawcett & Rendle

                                                                                              Helleriella A.D. Hawkes - DOTTED ORCHID

                                                                                                punctulata (Reichenb. f.) Garay & Sweet

                                                                                                Hexalectris Raf. - CRESTED-CORALROOT

                                                                                                  grandiflora (A. Rich. & Gal.) L.O. Williams Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Large-flower hexalectris, greenman's hexalectris (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                                  nitida L.O. Williams Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Shinning hexalectris (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                                  revoluta Correll Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                                  spicata (Walt.) Barnh. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Crested coralroot (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                                    var. arizonica (S. Wats.) Catling & Engel

                                                                                                    var. spicata

                                                                                                  warnockii Ames & Correll Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Texas purplespike (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                                  Ionopsis Kunth - VIOLET ORCHID

                                                                                                    satyrioides (Sw.) Reichenb. f.

                                                                                                    utricularioides (Sw.) Lindl.

                                                                                                    Isochilus R. Br. ex Ait. f. - EQUAL-LIP ORCHID

                                                                                                      linearis (Jacq.) Ait. f.

                                                                                                      Isotria Raf. - FIVE-LEAF ORCHID

                                                                                                        medeoloides (Pursh) Raf. Listed by the U.S. FWS as threatened - the FWS local name is Small whorled pogonia and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (CT, DC, DE, GA, IL, MA, MD, ME, MI, MO, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT), Canada (Ont.).

                                                                                                        verticillata Raf. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Whorled isotria, whorled pogonia (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                                        Jacquiniella Schlechter - TUFTED ORCHID

                                                                                                          globosa (Jacq.) Schlechter

                                                                                                          miserrima (Reichenb. f.) Stehlé Synonymy: Epidendrum miserrimum Reichenb. f.

                                                                                                          teretifolia (Sw.) Britt. & Wilson

                                                                                                          Koellensteinia Reichenb. f. - GRASS-LEAF ORCHID

                                                                                                            graminea (Lindl.) Reichenb. f.

                                                                                                            Laeliopsis Lindl. & Paxton - KING ORCHID

                                                                                                              domingensis (Lindl.) Lindl. & Paxton

                                                                                                              Leochilus Kn. & Westc. - SMOOTH-LIP ORCHID

                                                                                                                labiatus (Sw.) Kuntze

                                                                                                                puertoricensis Chase

                                                                                                                Lepanthes Sw. - BABYBOOT ORCHID

                                                                                                                  caritensis Tremblay & Ackerman

                                                                                                                  dodiana Stimson

                                                                                                                  eltoroensis Stimson Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered. The FWS range of distribution is: U.S.A. (PR). Listed on November 29, 1991 (Volume 56 Federal Register 60937).

                                                                                                                  rubripetala Stimson

                                                                                                                  rupestris Stimson

                                                                                                                  sanguinea Hook.

                                                                                                                  selenitepala Reichenb. f.

                                                                                                                  veleziana Stimson

                                                                                                                    var. retusicolumna Stimson

                                                                                                                    var. veleziana

                                                                                                                  woodburyana Stimson

                                                                                                                  Lepanthopsis Ames - TINY ORCHID

                                                                                                                    melanantha (Reichenb. f.) Ames Synonymy: Lepanthes harrisii Fawcett & Rendle

                                                                                                                    Liparis L.C. Rich. - WIDE-LIP ORCHID

                                                                                                                      eggersii Reichenb. f.

                                                                                                                      harrisii Fawcett & Rendle

                                                                                                                      hawaiensis Mann

                                                                                                                      liliifolia (L.) L.C. Rich. ex Ker-Gawl.

                                                                                                                      loeselii (L.) L.C. Rich.

                                                                                                                      nervosa (Thunb.) Lindl. Synonymy: Liparis elata Lindl.

                                                                                                                      saundersiana Reichenb. f.

                                                                                                                      vexillifera (Llave & Lex.) Cogn.

                                                                                                                      Listera R. Br. ex Ait. f. - TWAYBLADE

                                                                                                                        auriculata Wieg. Synonymy: Ophrys auriculata (Wieg.) House

                                                                                                                        australis Lindl. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Southern twayblade (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Ophrys australis (Lindl.) House

                                                                                                                        borealis Morong

                                                                                                                        caurina Piper Synonymy: Listera banksiana auct. non Lindl. , Ophrys caurina (Piper) Rydb.

                                                                                                                        convallarioides (Sw.) Nutt. ex Ell. Synonymy: Ophrys convallarioides (Sw.) W. Wight

                                                                                                                        cordata (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.

                                                                                                                          var. cordata Synonymy: Ophrys cordata L.

                                                                                                                          var. nephrophylla (Rydb.) Hultén Synonymy: Listera cordata ssp. nephrophylla (Rydb.) A.& D. Löve , Listera nephrophylla Rydb.

                                                                                                                        ovata (L.) Ait. f.

                                                                                                                        smallii Wieg. Synonymy: Ophrys smallii (Wieg.) House

                                                                                                                        X veltmanii Case [auriculata X convallarioides]

                                                                                                                        Lycaste Lindl. - BEE ORCHID

                                                                                                                          barringtoniae (Sm.) Lindl.

                                                                                                                          Macradenia R. Br. - LONG-GLAND ORCHID

                                                                                                                            lutescens R. Br.

                                                                                                                            Malaxis Soland. ex Sw. - ADDER'S-MOUTH ORCHID

                                                                                                                              bayardii Fern.

                                                                                                                              brachypoda (Gray) Fern. Synonymy: Malaxis monophyllos ssp. brachypoda (Gray) A.& D. Löve , Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda (Gray) F. Morris & Eames

                                                                                                                              corymbosa (S. Wats.) Kuntze

                                                                                                                              diphyllos Cham. Synonymy: Malaxis monophyllos var. diphyllos (Cham.) Luer

                                                                                                                              ehrenbergii (Reichenb. f.) Kuntze Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                                                              macrostachya (Lex.) Kuntze Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Mountain malaxis (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Malaxis soulei L.O. Williams

                                                                                                                              major (Reichenb. f.) Léon ex A.D. Hawkes

                                                                                                                              paludosa (L.) Sw. Synonymy: Hammarbya paludosa (L.) Kuntze

                                                                                                                              spicata Sw. Synonymy: Malaxis floridana (Chapman) Kuntze

                                                                                                                              tenuis (S. Wats.) Ames

                                                                                                                              unifolia Michx. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Oneleaf malaxis, green adder's mouth, oneleaf adder's mouth (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Microstylis unifolia (Michx.) B.S.P.

                                                                                                                              wendtii Salazar

                                                                                                                              Maxillaria Ruiz & Pav˘n - FLAME ORCHID AND TIGER ORCHID

                                                                                                                                coccinea (Jacq.) L.O. Williams ex Hodge Synonymy: Ornithidium coccineum (Jacq.) Salisb.

                                                                                                                                crassifolia (Lindl.) Reichenb. f. Synonymy: Maxillaria sessilis (Sw.) Fawcett & Rendle

                                                                                                                                purpurea (Spreng.) Ames & Correll Synonymy: Maxillaria conferta (Griseb.) C. Schweinf. , Ornithidium confertum Griseb.

                                                                                                                                rufescens Lindl.

                                                                                                                                Nidema Britt. & Millsp. - FAIRY ORCHID

                                                                                                                                  ottonis (Reichenb. f.) Britt. & Millsp. Synonymy: Epidendrum ottonis Reichenb. f.

                                                                                                                                  Oeceoclades Lindl. - MONK ORCHID

                                                                                                                                    maculata (Lindl.) Lindl. Synonymy: Eulophidium maculatum (Lindl.) Pfitzer

                                                                                                                                    Oncidium Sw. - DANCING-LADY ORCHID

                                                                                                                                      baueri Lindl. Synonymy: Oncidium altissimum sensu Britt. & Wilson p.p. non (Jacq.) Sw.

                                                                                                                                      carthaginense (Jacq.) Sw.

                                                                                                                                      cebolleta (Jacq.) Sw.

                                                                                                                                      ensatum Lindl. (NOTE: Presence in the North American flora not certain. Please contact BONAP if vouchered records are available.)

                                                                                                                                      floridanum Ames

                                                                                                                                      leiboldii Reichenb. f.

                                                                                                                                      lemonianum Lindl. Synonymy: Oncidium intermedium Bertero

                                                                                                                                      meirax Reichenb. f. Synonymy: Oncidium alatum Cogn.

                                                                                                                                      papilio Lindl.

                                                                                                                                      prionochilum Kraenzlin

                                                                                                                                      undulatum (Sw.) Salisb. Synonymy: Oncidium luridum auct. non Lindl.

                                                                                                                                      variegatum (Sw.) Willd.

                                                                                                                                      wydleri Reichenb. f. Synonymy: Oncidium altissimum sensu Britt. & Wilson p.p. non (Jacq.) Sw.

                                                                                                                                      Phaius Lour. - NUN'S-HOOD ORCHID

                                                                                                                                        tankarvilleae (Banks ex L'Hér.) Blume

                                                                                                                                        Piperia Rydb. - REIN ORCHID

                                                                                                                                          candida Morgan & Ackerman

                                                                                                                                          colemanii Morgan & Glicenstein

                                                                                                                                          cooperi (S. Wats.) Rydb.

                                                                                                                                          elegans (Lindl.) Rydb.

                                                                                                                                            ssp. decurtata Morgan & Glicenstein

                                                                                                                                            ssp. elegans Synonymy: Habenaria elegans (Lindl.) Boland. , Habenaria elegans var. maritima (Greene) Ames , Habenaria greenei Jepson , Habenaria maritima Greene , Habenaria unalascensis var. maritima (Greene) Correll , Piperia maritima (Greene) Rydb. , Piperia multiflora Rydb. , Platanthera unalascensis ssp. maritima (Greene) de Filipps , Platanthera unalascensis var. maritima (Greene) Correll

                                                                                                                                          elongata Rydb.

                                                                                                                                            ssp. elongata Synonymy: Habenaria unalascensis ssp. elata (Jepson) Calder , Habenaria unalascensis var. elata (Jepson) Correll , Piperia elegans var. elata (Jepson) Luer , Piperia lancifolia Rydb. , Piperia leptopetala Rydb. , Piperia longispica Dur. , Platanthera unalascensis ssp. elata (Jepson) Taylor & MacBryde

                                                                                                                                            ssp. michaelii (Greene) Ackerman Synonymy: Habenaria michaelii Greene , Piperia michaelii (Greene) Rydb.

                                                                                                                                          transversa Suksdorf

                                                                                                                                          unalascensis (Spreng.) Rydb. Synonymy: Habenaria unalascensis (Spreng.) S. Wats. , Platanthera cooperi (S. Wats.) Rydb. , Platanthera unalascensis (Spreng.) Kurtz , Spiranthes unalascensis Spreng.

                                                                                                                                          yadonii Morgan & Ackerman

                                                                                                                                          Platanthera L.C. Rich. - BOG ORCHID, FRINGED ORCHID, AND FRINGELE

                                                                                                                                            albida (L.) Lindl.

                                                                                                                                              var. straminea (Fern.) Luer Synonymy: Habenaria albida var. straminea (Fern.) Morris , Habenaria straminea Fern. , Leucorchis albida ssp. straminea (Fern.) A. Löve , Pseudorchis albida (L.) A. & D. Löve

                                                                                                                                            X andrewsii (M. White) Luer [lacera X psycodes] Synonymy: Habenaria X andrewsii M. White

                                                                                                                                            X bicolor (Raf.) Luer (pro sp.) [blephariglottis X ciliaris] Synonymy: Habenaria bicolor (Raf.) Beckner

                                                                                                                                            blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl.

                                                                                                                                              var. blephariglottis Synonymy: Blephariglotis blephariglottis (Willd.) Rydb. , Habenaria blephariglottis (Willd.) Hook.

                                                                                                                                              var. conspicua (Nash) Luer Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: White fingerorchid (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Blephariglotis conspicua (Nash) Small , Habenaria blephariglottis var. conspicua (Nash) Ames

                                                                                                                                            brevifolia (Greene) Kranzlin Synonymy: Habenaria sparsiflora var. brevifolia (Greene) Correll , Platanthera sparsiflora var. brevifolia (Greene) Luer

                                                                                                                                            X canbyi (Ames) Luer [blephariglottis X cristata] Synonymy: Habenaria X canbyi Ames , Platanthera pallida P.M. Brown

                                                                                                                                            X channellii J. P. Folsom [ciliaris X cristata]

                                                                                                                                            chapmanii (Small) Luer Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Chapman fingerorchid (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Blephariglotis chapmanii Small , Habenaria X chapmanii (Small) Ames

                                                                                                                                            chorisiana (Cham.) Reichenb. Synonymy: Habenaria chorisiana Cham.

                                                                                                                                            ciliaris (L.) Lindl. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Yellow fingerorchid (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Blephariglotis ciliaris (L.) Rydb. , Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.

                                                                                                                                            clavellata (Michx.) Luer Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Small woodorchid, green woodland orchis (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Gymnadeniopsis clavellata (Michx.) Rydb. , Habenaria clavellata (Michx.) Spreng. , Habenaria clavellata var. ophioglossoides Fern. , Habenaria clavellata var. wrightii Olive

                                                                                                                                            cristata (Michx.) Lindl. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Crested fingerorchid (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Blephariglotis cristata (Michx.) Raf. , Habenaria cristata (Michx.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.

                                                                                                                                            dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex Beck

                                                                                                                                              var. albiflora (Cham.) Ledeb. Synonymy: Habenaria dilatata var. albiflora (Cham.) Correll , Limnorchis dilatata ssp. albiflora (Cham.) A. Löve & Simon

                                                                                                                                              var. dilatata Synonymy: Habenaria dilatata (Pursh) Hook. , Limnorchis dilatata (Pursh) Rydb. , Platanthera dilatata var. angustifolia Hook.

                                                                                                                                            flava (L.) Lindl.

                                                                                                                                              var. flava Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Tubercled fingerorchid, pale green orchis, southern reinorchid (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Habenaria flava (L.) R. Br. , Habenaria scutellata (Nutt.) F. Morris , Perularia bidentata (Ell.) Small , Perularia flava (L.) Farw. , Perularia scutellata (Nutt.) Small

                                                                                                                                              var. herbiola (R. Br. ex Ait. f.) Luer Synonymy: Habenaria flava var. herbiola (R. Br. ex Ait. f.) Ames & Correll

                                                                                                                                            grandiflora (Bigelow) Lindl. Synonymy: Blephariglotis grandiflora (Bigelow) Rydb. , Habenaria fimbriata (Ait.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. , Habenaria grandiflora (Bigelow) Torr. , Habenaria psycodes var. grandiflora (Bigelow) Gray

                                                                                                                                            holochila (Hbd.) Kraenzlin Synonymy: Habenaria holochila Hbd.

                                                                                                                                            hookeri (Torr. ex Gray) Lindl. Synonymy: Habenaria hookeri Torr. ex Gray , Habenaria hookeri var. abbreviata Fern. , Lysias hookeriana (Torr. ex Gray) Rydb.

                                                                                                                                            hyperborea (L.) Lindl.

                                                                                                                                              var. gracilis (Lindl.) Luer Synonymy: Habenaria sparsiflora var. laxiflora (Rydb.) Correll , Platanthera gracilis Lindl.

                                                                                                                                              var. huronensis (Nutt.) Luer Synonymy: Habenaria huronensis (Nutt.) Spreng. , Habenaria hyperborea var. huronensis (Nutt.) Farw. , Platanthera hyperborea var. major Lange

                                                                                                                                              var. hyperborea Synonymy: Habenaria hyperborea (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. , Limnorchis hyperborea (L.) Rydb. , Platanthera hyperborea var. minor Lange

                                                                                                                                              var. viridiflora (Cham.) Luer Synonymy: Habenaria hyperborea var. viridiflora (Cham.) Welsh , Limnorchis viridiflora (Cham.) Rydb. , Platanthera convallariifolia (Fisch.) Lindl.

                                                                                                                                            integra (Nutt.) Gray ex Beck Synonymy: Gymnadeniopsis integra (Nutt.) Rydb. , Habenaria integra (Nutt.) Spreng.

                                                                                                                                            integrilabia (Correll) Luer Synonymy: Habenaria blephariglottis var. integrilabia Correll , Habenaria correllii Cronq.

                                                                                                                                            lacera (Michx.) G. Don Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Ragged fringe orchid (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                                                                              var. lacera Synonymy: Blephariglotis lacera (Michx.) Farw. , Habenaria lacera (Michx.) R. Br.

                                                                                                                                              var. terrae-novae (Fern.) Luer Synonymy: Habenaria lacera var. terrae-novae Fern.

                                                                                                                                            leucophaea (Nutt.) Lindl. Listed by the U.S. FWS as threatened - the FWS local name is Eastern prairie fringed orchid and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (AR, IA, IL, IN, ME, MI, MO, NE, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, VA, WI), Canada (Ont., N.B.). Synonymy: Blephariglotis leucophaea (Nutt.) Farw. , Habenaria leucophaea (Nutt.) Gray

                                                                                                                                            leucostachys Lindl. Synonymy: Habenaria dilatata var. leucostachys (Lindl.) Ames , Habenaria leucostachys (Lindl.) S. Wats. , Limnorchis graminifolia Rydb. , Platanthera dilatata var. leucostachys (Lindl.) Luer

                                                                                                                                            limosa Lindl. Synonymy: Habenaria limosa (Lindl.) Hemsl. , Limnorchis thurberi (Gray) Rydb.

                                                                                                                                            X media (Rydb.) Luer (pro sp.) [dilatata X hyperborea] Synonymy: Habenaria dilatata var. media (Rydb.) Hultén , Habenaria media (Rydb.) Niles , Limnorchis media Rydb. , Platanthera convallariifolia var. dilatatoides Hultén , Platanthera dilatata var. chlorantha Hultén

                                                                                                                                            nivea (Nutt.) Luer Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Snowy fingerorchid, southern small white orchis, bog-torch, showy orchis (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Gymnadeniopsis nivea (Nutt.) Rydb. , Habenaria nivea (Nutt.) Spreng.

                                                                                                                                            obtusata (Banks ex Pursh) Lindl. Synonymy: Habenaria obtusata (Banks ex Pursh) Richards. , Habenaria obtusata var. collectanea Fern. , Lysiella obtusata (Banks ex Pursh) Rydb. , Platanthera obtusata ssp. oligantha (Turcz.) Hultén

                                                                                                                                            orbiculata (Pursh) Lindl.

                                                                                                                                              var. macrophylla (Goldie) Luer Synonymy: Habenaria macrophylla Goldie , Habenaria orbiculata var. macrophylla (Goldie) Boivin , Platanthera macrophylla (Goldie) Lindl.

                                                                                                                                              var. orbiculata Synonymy: Habenaria orbiculata (Pursh) Torr. , Habenaria orbiculata var. lehorsii Fern. , Habenaria orbiculata var. menziesii (Lindl.) Fern. , Lysias orbiculata (Pursh) Rydb.

                                                                                                                                            peramoena (Gray) Gray Synonymy: Blephariglotis peramoena (Gray) Rydb. , Habenaria peramoena Gray

                                                                                                                                            praeclara Sheviak & Bowles Listed by the U.S. FWS as threatened - the FWS local name is Western prairie fringed orchid and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (IA, KS, MN, MO, ND, NE, OK, SD), Canada (Man.). Synonymy: Habenaria leucophaea var. praeclara (Sheviak & Bowles) Cronq.

                                                                                                                                            psycodes (L.) Lindl. Synonymy: Blephariglotis psycodes (L.) Rydb. , Habenaria psycodes (L.) Spreng.

                                                                                                                                            sparsiflora (S. Wats.) Schlechter

                                                                                                                                              var. ensifolia (Rydb.) Luer

                                                                                                                                              var. sparsiflora Synonymy: Habenaria sparsiflora S. Wats. , Limnorchis sparsiflora (S. Wats.) Rydb.

                                                                                                                                            stricta Lindl. Synonymy: Habenaria saccata Greene , Habenaria stricta (Lindl.) Rydb. , Limnorchis saccata (Greene) A. Löve & Simon , Limnorchis stricta (Lindl.) Rydb. , Platanthera dilatata var. gracilis Ledeb. , Platanthera hyperborea var. purpurascens (Rydb.) Luer , Platanthera saccata (Greene) Hultén

                                                                                                                                            tipuloides (L.) Lindl.

                                                                                                                                              var. behringiana (Rydb.) Hultén Synonymy: Habenaria behringiana (Rydb.) Ames

                                                                                                                                            X vossii Case [blephariglottis X clavellata]

                                                                                                                                            zothecina (Higgins & Welsh) Kartesz & Gandhi Synonymy: Habenaria zothecina Higgins & Welsh , Limnorchis zothecina (Higgins & Welsh) W.A. Weber

                                                                                                                                            Platythelys Garay - JUG ORCHID

                                                                                                                                              querceticola (Lindl.) Garay Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Erythrodes querceticola (Lindl.) Ames , Physurus querceticola Lindl. , Physurus sagraeanus A. Rich.

                                                                                                                                              Pleurothallis R. Br. ex Ait. f. - BONNET ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                appendiculata Cogn.

                                                                                                                                                aristata Hook. Synonymy: Pleurothallis urbaniana Reichenb. f.

                                                                                                                                                domingensis Cogn. Synonymy: Pleurothallis crassipes sensu Britt. & Wilson, non Lindl.

                                                                                                                                                foliata Griseb.

                                                                                                                                                gelida Lindl.

                                                                                                                                                ghiesbreghtiana A. Rich. & Gal. Synonymy: Pleurothallis longissima Lindl. , Pleurothallis racemiflora Lindl. ex Lodd.

                                                                                                                                                obovata (Lindl.) Lindl.

                                                                                                                                                pruinosa Lindl.

                                                                                                                                                pubescens Lindl. Synonymy: Pleurothallis coriacea Bello

                                                                                                                                                ruscifolia (Jacq.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.

                                                                                                                                                wilsonii Lindl.

                                                                                                                                                Pogonia Juss. - SNAKE-MOUTH ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                  ophioglossoides (L.) Ker-Gawl. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Rose pogonia (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Pogonia ophioglossoides var. brachypogon Fern.

                                                                                                                                                  Polyradicion Garay - PALMPOLLY

                                                                                                                                                    lindenii (Lindl.) Cogn. ex Urban Synonymy: Polyrrhiza lindenii (Lindl.) Cogn.

                                                                                                                                                    Polystachya Hook. - YELLOW-SPIKE ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                      concreta (Jacq.) Garay & Sweet Synonymy: Polystachya extinctoria Reichenb. f. , Polystachya flavescens (Lindl.) J.J. Sm. , Polystachya luteola (Sw.) Hook. , Polystachya minuta (Aubl.) Frappier ex Cordemoy

                                                                                                                                                      foliosa (Lindl.) Reichenb. f. Synonymy: Polystachya cerea Lindl. , Polystachya minor Fawcett & Rendle

                                                                                                                                                      Ponthieva R. Br. ex Ait. f. - SHADOW-WITCH

                                                                                                                                                        brittoniae Ames Synonymy: Ponthieva racemosa var. brittoniae (Ames) Luer

                                                                                                                                                        racemosa (Walt.) C. Mohr Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Shadowwitch (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Arethusa racemosa Walt.

                                                                                                                                                        ventricosa (Griseb.) Fawcett & Rendle

                                                                                                                                                        Prescotia Lindl. - PRESCOTT ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                          oligantha (Sw.) Lindl. Synonymy: Cranichis oligantha Sw.

                                                                                                                                                          pellucida Lindl.

                                                                                                                                                          stachyodes (Sw.) Lindl. Synonymy: Cranichis stachyodes Sw.

                                                                                                                                                          Psilochilus Barb. Rodr. - RAGGED-LIP ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                            macrophyllus (Lindl.) Ames Synonymy: Pogonia macrophylla Lindl.

                                                                                                                                                            Psychilis Raf. - PEACOCK ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                              kraenzlinii (Bello) Sauleda Synonymy: Encyclia kraenzlinii (Bello) Ackerman , Epidendrum kraenzlinii Bello

                                                                                                                                                              krugii (Bello) Sauleda Synonymy: Encyclia krugii (Bello) Britt. & Wilson , Epidendrum krugii Bello

                                                                                                                                                              macconnelliae Sauleda

                                                                                                                                                              monensis Sauleda

                                                                                                                                                              X raganii Sauleda [kraenzlinii X krugii]

                                                                                                                                                              Pteroglossaspis Rehb. f. - GIANT ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                                ecristata (Fern.) Rolfe Synonymy: Eulophia ecristata (Fern.) Ames , Triorchos ecristata (Fern.) Small

                                                                                                                                                                Restrepiella Garay & Dunsterville - SNAKE ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                                  ophiocephala (Lindl.) Garay & Dunsterville

                                                                                                                                                                  Scaphyglottis Poepp. & Endl. - MALAYSIAN ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                                    modesta (Reichenb. f.) Schlechter Synonymy: Tetragamestus modestus Reichenb. f.

                                                                                                                                                                    Spathoglottis Blume - GROUND ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                                      elmeri Ames

                                                                                                                                                                      plicata Blume

                                                                                                                                                                      Spiranthes L.C. Rich. - LADIES'-TRESSES

                                                                                                                                                                        adnata (Sw.) Benth. ex Fawcett Synonymy: Pelexia adnata (Sw.) Spreng.

                                                                                                                                                                        brevilabris Lindl.

                                                                                                                                                                          var. brevilabris Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Texas ladies' tresses (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Spiranthes gracilis var. brevilabris (Lindl.) Correll

                                                                                                                                                                          var. floridana (Wherry) Luer Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Florida ladies' tresses (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Ibidium floridanum Wherry , Spiranthes gracilis var. floridana (Wherry) Correll

                                                                                                                                                                        casei Catling & Cruise

                                                                                                                                                                          var. casei Synonymy: Spiranthes X intermedia auct. non Ames

                                                                                                                                                                          var. novaescotiae Catling

                                                                                                                                                                        cernua (L.) L.C. Rich. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Nodding ladies' tresses, common ladies' tresses, fragrant ladies' tresses (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Ibidium cernuum (L.) House , Spiranthes cernua var. incurva Jennings

                                                                                                                                                                        cinnabarina (Llave & Lex.) Hemsl. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Scarlet ladies' tresses (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Dichromanthus cinnabarinus (Llave & Lex.) Garay

                                                                                                                                                                        confusa (Garay) Kartesz & Gandhi Present in the Texas flora (treated as Spiranthes durangensis Ames & C. Schweinf. by Hatch et al, 1990) and known locally as: Durango ladies' tresses (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Deiregyne confusa Garay , Deiregyne durangensis (Ames & C. Schweinf.) Garay , Spiranthes durangensis Ames & C. Schweinf.

                                                                                                                                                                        costaricensis Reichenb. f. Synonymy: Beloglottis costaricensis (Reichenb. f.) Schlechter

                                                                                                                                                                        cranichoides (Griseb.) Cogn. Synonymy: Beadlea cranichoides (Griseb.) Small , Cyclopogon cranichoides (Griseb.) Schlechter

                                                                                                                                                                        delitescens Sheviak

                                                                                                                                                                        diluvialis Sheviak Listed by the U.S. FWS as threatened - the FWS local name is Ute ladies'-tresses and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (CO, NV, UT). Synonymy: Spiranthes romanzoffiana var. diluvialis (Sheviak) Welsh

                                                                                                                                                                        elata (Sw.) L.C. Rich. Synonymy: Beadlea elata (Sw.) Small , Cyclopogon elatus (Sw.) Schlechter

                                                                                                                                                                        graminea Lindl.

                                                                                                                                                                        infernalis Sheviak

                                                                                                                                                                        X intermedia Ames [lacera X vernalis] Synonymy: Ibidium X intermedium (Ames) House

                                                                                                                                                                        lacera (Raf.) Raf.

                                                                                                                                                                          var. gracilis (Bigelow) Luer Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Slender ladies' tresses (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Ibidium beckii (Lindl.) House , Ibidium gracile (Bigelow) House , Spiranthes beckii Lindl. , Spiranthes gracilis (Bigelow) Beck

                                                                                                                                                                          var. lacera

                                                                                                                                                                        laciniata (Small) Ames Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Fringelip ladies' tresses, lacelip sprial orchid (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Ibidium laciniatum (Small) House

                                                                                                                                                                        lanceolata (Aubl.) Léon

                                                                                                                                                                          var. lanceolata Synonymy: Sacoila lanceolata (Aubl.) Garay , Spiranthes orchioides (Sw.) A. Rich. , Stenorrhynchos lanceolatus (Aubl.) L.C. Rich. , Stenorrhynchos orchioides (Sw.) L.C. Rich.

                                                                                                                                                                          var. luteoalba (Reichenb. f.) Luer Synonymy: Sacoila lanceolata var. luteoalba (Reichenb. f.) Sauleda, Wunderlin & B.F. Hansen

                                                                                                                                                                          var. paludicola Luer Synonymy: Sacoila lanceolata var. paludicola (Luer) Sauleda, Wunderlin & B.F. Hansen

                                                                                                                                                                        lineata Lindl. Synonymy: Haplorchis lineatus (Lindl.) Schlechter , Haplorchis tenuis (Lindl.) Schlechter , Spiranthes amabilis Ames , Spiranthes fawcettii Cogn.

                                                                                                                                                                        longilabris Lindl. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Giant sprialorchid (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Ibidium longilabre (Lindl.) House

                                                                                                                                                                        lucayana (Britt.) Cogn. Synonymy: Mesadenus lucayanus (Britt.) Schlechter

                                                                                                                                                                        lucida (H.H. Eat.) Ames Synonymy: Ibidium plantagineum (Raf.) House

                                                                                                                                                                        magnicamporum Sheviak Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                                                                                                        michuacana (Llave & Lex.) Hemsl. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Stenorrhynchos michuacanus (Llave & Lex.) Schlechter

                                                                                                                                                                        ochroleuca (Rydb.) Rydb. Synonymy: Spiranthes cernua var. ochroleuca (Rydb.) Ames , Spiranthes X steigeri Correll

                                                                                                                                                                        odorata (Nutt.) Lindl. Synonymy: Spiranthes cernua var. odorata (Nutt.) Correll

                                                                                                                                                                        ovalis Lindl. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: October ladies' tresses, oval ladies' tresses (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                                                                                                          var. erostellata Catling

                                                                                                                                                                          var. ovalis Synonymy: Ibidium ovale (Lindl.) House

                                                                                                                                                                        parasitica A. Rich. & Gal. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Schiedeela parasitica (A. Rich. & Gal.) Schlechter

                                                                                                                                                                        parksii Correll Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Navasota ladies' tresses, Parks ladies' tresses (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Navasota ladies'-tresses and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (TX). Listed on May 6, 1982 (Volume 47 Federal Register 19539).

                                                                                                                                                                        polyantha Reichenb. f. Synonymy: Mesadenus polyanthus (Reichenb. f.) Schlechter

                                                                                                                                                                        porrifolia Lindl. Synonymy: Spiranthes romanzoffiana var. porrifolia (Lindl.) Ames & Correll

                                                                                                                                                                        praecox (Walt.) S. Wats. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Grassleaved ladies' tresses (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Ibidium praecox (Walt.) House

                                                                                                                                                                        romanzoffiana Cham. Synonymy: Ibidium strictum (Rydb.) House , Spiranthes stricta Rydb.

                                                                                                                                                                        X simpsonii Catling & Sheviak [lacera X romanzoffiana]

                                                                                                                                                                        speciosa (Jacq.) A. Rich. Synonymy: Stenorrhynchos speciosus (Jacq.) L.C. Rich. ex Spreng.

                                                                                                                                                                        torta (Thunb.) Garay & Sweet Synonymy: Ibidium tortile (Sw.) House , Spiranthes tortilis (Sw.) L.C. Rich.

                                                                                                                                                                        tuberosa Raf. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Grays ladies' tresses (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Spiranthes grayi Ames , Spiranthes tuberosa var. grayi (Ames) Fern.

                                                                                                                                                                        vernalis Engelm. & Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Upland ladies' tresses, spring ladies' tresses (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Ibidium vernale (Engelm. & Gray) House

                                                                                                                                                                        Stelis Sw. - LEACH ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                                          perpusilliflora Cogn.

                                                                                                                                                                          pygmaea Cogn.

                                                                                                                                                                          Tetramicra Lindl. - WALLFLOWER ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                                            canaliculata (Aubl.) Urban

                                                                                                                                                                            elegans (Hamilton) Cogn.

                                                                                                                                                                            Tipularia Nutt. - CRIPPLED-CRANEFLY

                                                                                                                                                                              discolor (Pursh) Nutt. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Cranefly orchid (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Tipularia unifolia B.S.P.

                                                                                                                                                                              Tolumnia G.J. Braem - VARIEGATED ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                                                bahamensis (Nash ex Britt. & Millsp.) G.J. Braem Synonymy: Oncidium bahamense Nash ex Britt. & Millsp.

                                                                                                                                                                                Triphora Nutt. - NODDINGCAPS

                                                                                                                                                                                  craigheadii Luer

                                                                                                                                                                                  gentianoides (Sw.) Ames & Schlechter Synonymy: Triphora cubensis (Reichenb. f.) Ames

                                                                                                                                                                                  latifolia Luer f.

                                                                                                                                                                                  surinamensis (Lindl.) Britt.

                                                                                                                                                                                  trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Threebirds orchid, nodding pogonia, brooding pogonia (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Triphora trianthophora var. schaffneri Camp

                                                                                                                                                                                  yucatanensis Ames Synonymy: Triphora rickettii Luer

                                                                                                                                                                                  Tropidia Lindl. - PALM ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                                                    polystachya (Sw.) Ames

                                                                                                                                                                                    Vanilla P. Mill. - VANILLA

                                                                                                                                                                                      barbellata Reichenb. f. Synonymy: Vanilla articulata Northrop

                                                                                                                                                                                      claviculata (W. Wright) Sw.

                                                                                                                                                                                      dilloniana Correll Synonymy: Vanilla eggersii auct. non Rolfe

                                                                                                                                                                                      mexicana P. Mill. Synonymy: Vanilla inodora Schiede

                                                                                                                                                                                      phaeantha Reichenb. f.

                                                                                                                                                                                      planifolia Andr. Synonymy: Vanilla fragrans (Salisb.) Ames , Vanilla vanilla (L.) Britt.

                                                                                                                                                                                      poitaei Reichenb. f.

                                                                                                                                                                                      pompona Schiede

                                                                                                                                                                                      Wullschlaegelia Reichenb. f. - LEAFLESS ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                                                        aphylla (Sw.) Reichenb. f.

                                                                                                                                                                                        Xylobium Lindl. - GOAT-MOUTH ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                                                          palmifolium (Sw.) Benth.

                                                                                                                                                                                          Zeuxine Lindl. - SOLDIER'S ORCHID

                                                                                                                                                                                            strateumatica (L.) Schlechter Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)


                                                                                                                                                                                            Use your browser's 'back' button to return to the prior page, or return to the Biota of North America Program, Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group, or the entry page for the Vascular Plant Information Gateway.
                                                                                                                                                                                            This page, machine-generated using the program bonout3.ipf, is an experimental product of collaborative research involving the Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group and the Biota of North America Program. Comments/corrections can be sent to BONAP for nomenclatural matters or, for web-related items, the TAMUBIWG. The Texas vegetation area mapping system was developed by Erich Schneider of the Texas A&M Center for the Study of Digital Libraries. Last updated on: 07/31/96