Malvaceae
(THE MALLOW FAMILY)
Biota of North America Program
Texas A&M University Bioinformatics Working Group
Standardized nomenclature following © John T. Kartesz. 1996. Revision: A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. The Biota of North America Program of the North Carolina Botanical Garden . This listing features updates (1996) of BONAP nomenclature, use of common names derived from BONAP data, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service data on endangered/threatened taxa, and information on Texas taxa taken from a database developed from Stephan L. Hatch, Kancheepuram N. Gandhi, and Larry E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Texas (now in the process of proofing).

Abelmoschus Medik. - OKRA

    esculentus (L.) Moench Synonymy: Hibiscus esculentus L.

    manihot (L.) Medik. Synonymy: Hibiscus manihot L.

    moschatus Medik. Synonymy: Hibiscus abelmoschus L.

    Abutilon P. Mill. - INDIAN-MALLOW

      abutiloides (Jacq.) Garcke ex Britt. & Wilson Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Berlandier abutilon (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Abutilon americanum (L.) Sweet , Abutilon jacquinii G. Don , Abutilon lignosum (Cav.) G. Don

      auritum (Wall. ex Link) Sweet

      berlandieri Gray ex S. Wats. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Abutilon californicum auct. non Benth.

      eremitopetalum Caum Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered. The FWS range of distribution is: U.S.A. (HI). Listed on September 20, 1991 (Volume 56 Federal Register 47694).

      fruticosum Guill. & Perrottet Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Pelotazo (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Abutilon texense Torr. & Gray

      grandifolium (Willd.) Sweet

      hirtum (Lam.) Sweet

      hulseanum (Torr. & Gray) Torr. ex Gray Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Abutilon commutatum auct. non K. Schum. , Abutilon pauciflorum Sweet

      hypoleucum Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Whiteleaf abutilon (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      incanum (Link) Sweet

        ssp. incanum

        ssp. pringlei (Hochr.) Felger & Lowe Synonymy: Abutilon pringlei Hochr.

      indicum (L.) Sweet

      malacum S. Wats. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Yellow abutilon (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      menziesii Seem. Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Ko`oloa`ula and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (HI). Listed on September 26, 1986 (Volume 51 Federal Register 34415).

      mollicomum (Willd.) Sweet Present in the Texas flora (treated as Abutilon sonorae Gray by Hatch et al, 1990) (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Abutilon sonorae Gray

      palmeri Gray

      parishii S. Wats.

      parvulum Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Littleleaf abutilon (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      permolle (Willd.) Sweet

      reventum S. Wats.

      sandwicense (O. Deg.) Christoph. Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered. The FWS range of distribution is: U.S.A. (HI). Listed on October 29, 1991 (Volume 56 Federal Register 55785). Synonymy: Abutilon sandwicense var. welchii Christoph.

      theophrasti Medik. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Chingma, velvet-leaf butterprint (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Abutilon abutilon (L.) Rusby , Abutilon avicennae Gaertn.

      thurberi Gray

      trisulcatum (Jacq.) Urban Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Anglestem abutilon, amantillo, Nealley abutilon (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Abutilon triquetrum (L.) Sweet

      umbellatum (L.) Sweet Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      virginianum Krapov. Synonymy: Sida eggersii E.G. Baker

      wrightii Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Wright abutilon (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      Alcea L. - HOLLYHOCK

        pallida (Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.) Waldst. & Kit.

        rosea L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Hollyhock, amapola grande No Texas distribution data available Synonymy: Althaea rosea (L.) Cav.

        Allosidastrum (Hochr.) Krapov., Fryxell & Bates - MOCK FANPETALS

          pyramidatum (Desportes ex Cav.) Krapov., Fryxell & Bates Synonymy: Sida pyramidata Desportes ex Cav.

          Allowissadula Bates - FALSE INDIAN-MALLOW

            holosericea (Scheele) Bates Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Abutilon marshii Standl. , Wissadula holosericea (Scheele) Garcke

            lozanii (Rose) Bates Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Lozano, flase abutilon (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Pseudabutilon lozanii (Rose) R.E. Fries

            Althaea L. - MARSH-MALLOW

              cannabina L.

              hirsuta L.

              officinalis L.

              Anoda Cav. - ANODA

                abutiloides Gray

                crenatiflora Ortega

                cristata (L.) Schlecht. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Crested anoda (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Anoda acerifolia auct. non (Zucc. ex Roemer & J.A. Schultes) DC. , Anoda cristata var. brachyantha (Reichenb.) Hochr. , Anoda cristata var. digitata (Gray) Hochr. , Sida cristata L.

                lanceolata Hook. & Arn. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Wright's anoda (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Anoda wrightii Gray

                pentaschista Gray Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Anoda pentaschista var. obtusior B.L. Robins.

                reticulata S. Wats.

                thurberi Gray

                Bastardia Kunth - VISCID-MALLOW

                  bivalvis (Cav.) Kunth

                  viscosa (L.) Kunth Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Bastardia (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                  Batesimalva Fryxell - FALSE GAY-MALLOW

                    violacea (Rose) Fryxell Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Gaya violacea Rose

                    Billieturnera Fryxell - FALSE FANPETALS

                      helleri (Rose ex Heller) Fryxell Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Copper sida (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sida cuneifolia Gray, non Roxb. , Sida grayana I. Clem. , Sida helleri Rose ex Heller

                      Callirhoe Nutt. - POPPY-MALLOW

                        alcaeoides (Michx.) Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Plains poppymallow, light poppymallow, clustered poppymallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sida alcaeoides Michx.

                        bushii Fern. Synonymy: Callirhoe involucrata var. bushii (Fern.) R.F. Martin , Callirhoe papaver var. bushii (Fern.) Waterfall

                        digitata Nutt. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Finger poppymallow No Texas distribution data available

                        involucrata (Torr. & Gray) Gray

                          var. involucrata Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Low poppymallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Callirhoe involucrata var. novomexicana E.G. Baker

                          var. lineariloba (Torr. & Gray) Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Slimlobe poppymallow, geranium poppymallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                        leiocarpa R.F. Martin Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Tall poppymallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Callirhoe pedata sensu Gray

                        papaver (Cav.) Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Woods poppymallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                        pedata (Nutt. ex Hook.) Gray Present in the Texas flora (treated as Callirhoe digitata Nutt. var. stipulata Waterfall by Hatch et al, 1990) (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Callirhoe digitata var. stipulata Waterfall

                        scabriuscula B.L. Robins. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Texas poppymallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Texas poppy-mallow and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (TX). Listed on January 13, 1981 (Volume 46 Federal Register 3184) and September 17, 1980 (Volume 45 Federal Register 61944).

                        triangulata (Leavenworth) Gray

                        Cienfuegosia Cav. - FLY-MALLOW

                          drummondii (Gray) Lewt. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Yellow fugosia, Drummond fugosia (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                          heterophylla (Vent.) Garcke

                          yucatanensis Millsp.

                          Eremalche Greene - WHITE-MALLOW

                            exilis (Gray) Greene Synonymy: Malvastrum exile Gray

                            parryi (Greene) Greene

                              ssp. kernensis (C.B. Wolf) Bates Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Kern mallow and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (CA). Listed on July 19, 1990 (Volume 55 Federal Register 29370). Treated by the FWS as Eremalche kernensis. Synonymy: Eremalche kernensis C.B. Wolf , Malvastrum kernensis (C.B. Wolf) Munz

                              ssp. parryi Synonymy: Malvastrum parryi Greene

                            rotundifolia (Gray) Greene Synonymy: Malvastrum rotundifolium Gray

                            Fioria Mattei

                              vitifolia (L.) Mattei

                              Fryxellia Bates - FRYXELLWORT

                                pygmaea (Correll) Bates Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Anoda pygmaea Correll

                                Gossypium L. - COTTON

                                  barbadense L. Synonymy: Gossypium barbadense var. acuminatum (Roxb. ex G. Don) Triana & Planch. , Gossypium brasiliense Macfad. , Gossypium peruvianum Cav.

                                  hirsutum L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Upland cotton, algodon (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                    var. hirsutum Synonymy: Gossypium hirsutum var. punctatum (K. Schum. & Thonn.) Roberty , Gossypium purpurascens Poir.

                                    var. marie-galante (Watt) Hutchinson

                                  thurberi Todaro Synonymy: Thurberia thespesioides Gray

                                  tomentosum Nutt. ex Seem. Synonymy: Gossypium sandvicense Parl.

                                  Herissantia Medik. - BLADDER-MALLOW

                                    crispa (L.) Briz. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Netvein herissanthia (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Abutilon crispum (L.) Medik. , Bogenhardia crispa (L.) Kearney , Gayoides crispum (L.) Small

                                    Hibiscadelphus Rock - HAU KUAHIWI

                                      bombycinus Forbes

                                      crucibracteatus Hobdy

                                      distans Bishop & Herbst Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Kauai hau kuahiwi and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (HI). Listed on April 29, 1986 (Volume 51 Federal Register 15906).

                                      giffardianus Rock

                                      hualalaiensis Rock

                                      X puakuahiwi K. Baker & S. Allen [giffardianus X hualalaiensis]

                                      wilderianus Rock

                                      woodii D.H. Lorence & W.L. Wagner

                                      Hibiscus L. - ROSE-MALLOW

                                        acetosella Welw. ex Hiern Synonymy: Hibiscus eetveldeanus de Wildeman & Dur.

                                        aculeatus Walt. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Hibiscus scaber Michx.

                                        arnottianus Gray Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Koki`o ke`oke`o and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (HI). Listed on October 8, 1992 (Volume 57 Federal Register 46339). Slight spelling change required for match to BONAP standard.

                                          ssp. arnottianus

                                          ssp. immaculata (Roe) D. Bates Synonymy: Hibiscus immaculatus Roe

                                          ssp. punaluuensis (Skottsberg) D. Bates Synonymy: Hibiscus arnottianus var. punaluuensis (Skottsberg) O.& I. Deg.

                                        bifurcatus Cav.

                                        biseptus S. Wats.

                                        brackenridgei Gray Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Ma`o hau hele and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (HI). Listed on November 10, 1994 (Volume 59 Federal Register 56350).

                                          ssp. brackenridgei Synonymy: Hibiscus brackenridgei var. molokaianus Rock

                                          ssp. mokuleianus (Roe) D. Bates Synonymy: Hibiscus brackenridgei var. mokuleianus Roe

                                        calyphyllus Cav. Synonymy: Hibiscus rockii O.& I. Deg.

                                        cannabinus L.

                                        clayi O.& I. Deg. Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Clay's hibiscus and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (HI). Listed on February 25, 1994 (Volume 59 Federal Register 9327). Synonymy: Hibiscus newhousei Roe

                                        clypeatus L.

                                        coccineus Walt. Synonymy: Hibiscus semilobatus Chapman

                                        coulteri Harvey ex Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Desert rosemallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Hibiscus coulteri var. brevipedunculatus M.E. Jones

                                        dasycalyx Blake & Shiller Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                        denudatus Benth. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Paleface rosemallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Hibiscus denudatus var. involucellatus Gray

                                        elatus Sw. Synonymy: Pariti elatum (Sw.) G. Don

                                        furcellatus Lam.

                                          var. youngianus (Gaud. ex Hook. & Arn.) Hochr. Synonymy: Hibiscus youngianus Gaud. ex Hook. & Arn.

                                        grandiflorus Michx. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                        kokio Hbd. ex Wawra

                                          ssp. kokio Synonymy: Hibiscus kahilii Forbes , Hibiscus kokio var. pekeloi O.& I. Deg. , Hibiscus kokio var. pukoonis Caum , Hibiscus oahuensis O.& I. Deg. , Hibiscus ula O.& I. Deg.

                                          ssp. saintjohnianus (Roe) D. Bates Synonymy: Hibiscus roeatae St. John , Hibiscus saintjohnianus Roe

                                        laevis All. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Scarlet rosemallow, halberd-leaved rosemallow, halberd-leaved hibiscus (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Hibiscus militaris Cav.

                                        macrophyllus Roxb. ex Hornem.

                                        martianus Zucc. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Heartleaf hibiscus, tulipan del monte (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Hibiscus cardiophyllus Gray

                                        moscheutos L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Swamp rosemallow, mallow-rose (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                          ssp. lasiocarpos (Cav.) O.J. Blanchard Present in the Texas flora (treated as Hibiscus lasiocarpos Cav. by Hatch et al, 1990) and known locally as: Woolly rosemallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Hibiscus californicus Kellogg , Hibiscus lasiocarpos Cav. , Hibiscus leucophyllus Shiller , Hibiscus platanoides Greene

                                          ssp. moscheutos Synonymy: Hibiscus incanus Wendl. f. , Hibiscus moscheutos ssp. incanus (Wendl. f.) Ahles , Hibiscus moscheutos ssp. palustris (L.) Clausen , Hibiscus moscheutos var. purpurascens Sweet , Hibiscus oculiroseus Britt. , Hibiscus opulifolius Greene , Hibiscus palustris L. , Hibiscus pinetorum Greene

                                        mutabilis L.

                                        penambucensis Arruda

                                        phoeniceus Jacq. Synonymy: Hibiscus brasiliensis auct. non L.

                                        poeppigii (Spreng.) Garcke Synonymy: Hibiscus pilosus auct. non (Sw.) Fawcett & Rendle

                                        radiatus Cav.

                                        rosa-sinensis L.

                                        sabdariffa L.

                                        schizopetalus (Dyer) Hook. f. Synonymy: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. schizopetalus Dyer

                                        striatus Cav.

                                          ssp. lambertianus (Kunth) Blanch. ex Proct. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Hibiscus cubensis A. Rich. , Hibiscus lambertianus Kunth

                                        syriacus L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Althea, rose-of-Sharon No Texas distribution data available

                                        tiliaceus L. Synonymy: Pariti grande Britt. ex Small , Pariti tiliaceum (L.) A. Juss. ex Britt. & Millsp.

                                        trilobus Aubl.

                                        trionum L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Flower-of-an-hour (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Trionum trionum (L.) Woot. & Standl.

                                        vitifolius L.

                                        waimeae Heller

                                          ssp. hannerae (O.& I. Deg.) D. Bates Synonymy: Hibiscus waimeae var. hannerae O.& I. Deg.

                                          ssp. waimeae

                                        Horsfordia Gray - VELVET-MALLOW

                                          alata (S. Wats.) Gray Synonymy: Sida alata S. Wats.

                                          newberryi (S. Wats.) Gray Synonymy: Abutilon newberryi S. Wats.

                                          Iliamna Greene - WILD HOLLYHOCK

                                            bakeri (Jepson) Wiggins

                                            crandallii (Rydb.) Wiggins

                                            grandiflora (Rydb.) Wiggins Synonymy: Iliamna angulata Greene

                                            latibracteata Wiggins

                                            longisepala (Torr.) Wiggins

                                            rivularis (Dougl. ex Hook.) Greene

                                              var. diversa (A. Nels.) Wiggins

                                              var. rivularis Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Peter's Mountain mallow and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (VA). Listed on May 12, 1986 (Volume 51 Federal Register 17346). Treated by the FWS as Iliamna corei. Synonymy: Iliamna acerifolia (Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray) Greene , Iliamna corei Sherff , Iliamna remota Greene , Phymosia remota (Greene) Britt. , Sphaeralcea rivularis (Dougl. ex Hook.) Torr.

                                            Kokia Lewt. - TREE-COTTON

                                              cookei O. Deg. Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Cooke's koki`o and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (HI). Listed on October 30, 1979 (Volume 44 Federal Register 62471).

                                              drynarioides (Seem.) Lewt. Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Koki`o (=hau-hele`ula or Hawaii tree cotton) and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (HI). Listed on December 4, 1984 (Volume 49 Federal Register 47400). Synonymy: Kokia rockii Lewt.

                                              kauaiensis (Rock) O. Deg. & Duvel

                                              lanceolata Lewt.

                                              Kosteletzkya K. Presl - FEN-ROSE

                                                depressa (L.) O.J. Blanchard, Fryxell & Bates Synonymy: Kosteletzkya pentasperma Griseb.

                                                virginica (L.) K. Presl ex Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Virginia, salt marshmallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Kosteletzkya althaeifolia (Chapman) Rusby , Kosteletzkya smilacifolia Gray , Kosteletzkya virginica var. althaeifolia Chapman , Kosteletzkya virginica var. aquilonia Fern.

                                                Lavatera L. - TREE-MALLOW

                                                  arborea L.

                                                  assurgentiflora Kellogg

                                                    ssp. assurgentiflora

                                                    ssp. glabra Philbrick

                                                  cretica L.

                                                  thuringiaca L.

                                                  trimestris L. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                  Malachra L. - LEAFBRACT

                                                    alceifolia Jacq.

                                                    capitata (L.) L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Malva de caballo (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                    fasciata Jacq. Synonymy: Malachra alceifolia var. fasciata (Jacq.) Robyns , Malachra urens Poit. ex Ledeb. & Alderstam

                                                    radiata L.

                                                    Malacothamnus Greene - BUSH-MALLOW

                                                      abbottii (Eastw.) Kearney Synonymy: Malvastrum abbottii Eastw.

                                                      aboriginum (B.L. Robins.) Greene Synonymy: Malvastrum aboriginum B.L. Robins.

                                                      clementinus (Munz & Johnston) Kearney Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is San Clemente Island bush-mallow and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (CA). Listed on August 11, 1977 (Volume 42 Federal Register 40685). Synonymy: Malvastrum clementinum Munz & Johnston

                                                      davidsonii (B.L. Robins.) Greene Synonymy: Malvastrum davidsonii B.L. Robins.

                                                      densiflorus (S. Wats.) Greene Synonymy: Malacothamnus densiflorus var. viscidus (Abrams) Kearney , Malvastrum densiflorum S. Wats. , Malvastrum densiflorum var. viscidum (Abrams) Estes

                                                      fasciculatus (Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray) Greene Synonymy: Malacothamnus arcuatus (Greene) Greene , Malacothamnus fasciculatus ssp. catalinensis (Eastw.) Thorne , Malacothamnus fasciculatus ssp. laxiflorus (Gray) Thorne , Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. catalinensis (Eastw.) Kearney , Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. laxiflorus (Gray) Kearney , Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. nesioticus (B.L. Robins.) Kearney , Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. nuttallii (Abrams) Kearney , Malacothamnus hallii (Eastw.) Kearney , Malacothamnus mendocinensis (Eastw.) Kearney , Malacothamnus parishii (Eastw.) Kearney , Malva fasciculata Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray , Malvastrum arcuatum (Greene) B.L. Robins. , Malvastrum fasciculatum (Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray) Greene , Malvastrum fasciculatum var. laxiflorum (Gray) Munz & Johnston , Malvastrum hallii Eastw. , Malvastrum mendocinense Eastw. , Malvastrum nesioticum B.L. Robins. , Malvastrum nesioticum var. nuttallii (Abrams) Wiggins

                                                      foliosus (S. Wats.) Kearney Synonymy: Malacothamnus paniculatus (Gray) Kearney

                                                      fremontii (Torr. ex Gray) Torr. ex Greene Synonymy: Malacothamnus fremontii ssp. cercophorus (B.L. Robins.) Munz , Malacothamnus helleri (Eastw.) Kearney , Malacothamnus niveus (Eastw.) Kearney , Malacothamnus orbiculatus (Greene) Greene , Malvastrum fremontii Torr. ex Gray , Malvastrum fremontii ssp. exfibulosum (Jepson) Wiggins , Malvastrum fremontii var. cercophorum B.L. Robins. , Malvastrum fremontii var. niveum (Eastw.) McMinn , Malvastrum orbiculatum Greene

                                                      jonesii (Munz) Kearney Synonymy: Malacothamnus gracilis (Eastw.) Kearney , Malvastrum gracile Eastw. , Malvastrum jonesii Munz

                                                      marrubioides (Dur. & Hilg.) Greene Synonymy: Malvastrum marrubioides Dur. & Hilg.

                                                      palmeri (S. Wats.) Greene Synonymy: Malacothamnus palmeri var. involucratus (B.L. Robins.) Kearney , Malacothamnus palmeri var. lucianus Kearney , Malvastrum palmeri S. Wats. , Malvastrum palmeri var. involucratum (B.L. Robins.) McMinn

                                                      Malva L. - MALLOW

                                                        alcea L.

                                                        brasiliensis Desr.

                                                        crispa (L.) L. Synonymy: Malva verticillata var. crispa L.

                                                        moschata L.

                                                        neglecta Wallr. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Common mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Malva rotundifolia auct. non L.

                                                        nicaeensis All. Synonymy: Malva arvensis Presl.

                                                        parviflora L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Little mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                        rotundifolia L. Synonymy: Malva pusilla Sm.

                                                        sylvestris L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: High mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Malva mauritiana L. , Malva sylvestris ssp. mauritiana (L.) Thellung , Malva sylvestris var. mauritiana (L.) Boiss.

                                                        verticillata L.

                                                        Malvastrum Gray - FALSE MALLOW

                                                          americanum (L.) Torr. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Rio Grande false mallow, malvaloca (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Malva americana L. , Malva spicata auct. non L. , Malvastrum spicatum auct. non (L.) Gray

                                                          aurantiacum (Scheele) Walp. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Wright false mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Malva aurantiaca Scheele , Malvastrum wrightii Gray

                                                          bicuspidatum (S. Wats.) Rose Synonymy: Malvastrum tricuspidatum var. bicuspidatum S. Wats.

                                                          corchorifolium (Desv.) Britt. ex Small Synonymy: Malva corchorifolia Desv.

                                                          coromandelianum (L.) Garcke Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Threelobe false mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Malva coromandeliana L.

                                                          hispidum (Pursh) Hochr. Synonymy: Malvastrum angustum Gray , Sida hispida Pursh , Sidopsis hispida (Pursh) Rydb. , Sphaeralcea angusta (Gray) Fern.

                                                          Malvaviscus Fabr. - WAX-MALLOW

                                                            arboreus Dill. ex Cav.

                                                              var. arboreus Present in the Texas flora (treated as Malvaviscus arboreus Cav. var. mexicanus Schlecht. by Hatch et al, 1990) (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Malvaviscus arboreus var. mexicanus Schlecht.

                                                              var. drummondii (Torr. & Gray) Schery Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Drummond wax-mallow, Texas mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Malvaviscus drummondii Torr. & Gray

                                                            penduliflorus DC. Present in the Texas flora (treated as Malvaviscus arboreus Cav. var. penduliflorus (DC.) Schery. by Hatch et al, 1990) (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Malvaviscus arboreus var. penduliflorus (DC.) Schery

                                                            Malvella Jaubert & Spach - SCURFY-MALLOW

                                                              lepidota (Gray) Fryxell Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Scurfy S. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sida lepidota Gray , Sida leprosa var. depauperata (Gray) I. Clem.

                                                              leprosa (Ortega) Krapov. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Alkali s., alkali mallow, dollar weed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sida hederacea (Dougl. ex Hook.) Torr. ex Gray , Sida leprosa (Ortega) K. Schum. , Sida leprosa var. hederacea (Dougl. ex Hook.) K. Schum.

                                                              sagittifolia (Gray) Fryxell Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sida lepidota var. sagittifolia Gray , Sida leprosa var. sagittifolia (Gray) I. Clem. , Sida sagittifolia (Gray) Rydb.

                                                              Meximalva Fryxell - TEXASFAN

                                                                filipes (Gray) Fryxell Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Violet sida (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sida filipes Gray

                                                                Modiola Moench - BRISTLE-MALLOW

                                                                  caroliniana (L.) G. Don Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Carolina modiola (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Modiola multifida Moench

                                                                  Napaea L. - GLADE-MALLOW

                                                                    dioica L.

                                                                    Pavonia Cav. - SWAMP-MALLOW

                                                                      fruticosa (P. Mill.) Fawcett & Rendle Synonymy: Typhalea fruticosa (P. Mill.) Britt.

                                                                      hastata Cav.

                                                                      lasiopetala Scheele Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Wright pavonia (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Pavonia wrightii Gray

                                                                      paludicola D.H. Nicols. ex Fryxell Synonymy: Malache scabra (K. Presl) Kuntze, non B. Vogel , Pavonia racemosa Sw. , Pavonia scabra K. Presl, non Benth. ex Garcke nec (B. Vogel) Ciferri , Pavonia spicata Cav.

                                                                      paniculata Cav. Synonymy: Lebretonia paniculata (Cav.) Britt. , Pavonia corymbosa (Sw.) Willd.

                                                                      spinifex (L.) Cav.

                                                                      Rhynchosida Fryxell - BUFFPETAL

                                                                        physocalyx (Gray) Fryxell Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Spearleaf sida (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sida physocalyx Gray

                                                                        Sida L. - FANPETALS

                                                                          abutifolia P. Mill. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Spreading sida (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sida filicaulis Torr. & Gray , Sida filiformis Moric. ex Ser. , Sida procumbens Sw. , Sida supina L'Hér.

                                                                          acuta Burm. f. Synonymy: Sida acuta ssp. carpinifolia (L. f.) Waalkes , Sida acuta var. carpinifolia (L. f.) K. Schum. , Sida carpinifolia L. f.

                                                                          aggregata K. Presl Synonymy: Sida setifera K. Presl

                                                                          antillensis Urban

                                                                          ciliaris L. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sida ciliaris var. mexicana (Moric. ex Ser.) Shinners

                                                                          cordata (Burm. f.) Waalkes Synonymy: Melochia cordata Burm. f. , Sida humilis var. veronicifolia Lam.

                                                                          cordifolia L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Heartleaf sida (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                          elliottii Torr. & Gray Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sida leptophylla Small , Sida rubromarginata Nash

                                                                          fallax Walp. Synonymy: Sida fallax var. kauaiensis Hochr. , Sida ledyardii St. John , Sida meyeniana Walp. , Sida nelsonii St. John

                                                                          glabra P. Mill.

                                                                          glomerata Comm. ex Cav.

                                                                          glutinosa Comm. ex Cav.

                                                                          hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby Synonymy: Napaea hermaphrodita L.

                                                                          inflexa Fern.

                                                                          jamaicensis L.

                                                                          lindheimeri Engelm. & Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Showy sida (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sida texana (Torr. & Gray) Small

                                                                          linifolia Cav.

                                                                          longipes Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Stalk-flower sida (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                          neomexicana Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: New Mexico sida (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                          repens Domb. ex Cav. Synonymy: Sida cordata auct. non (Burm. f.) Waalkes , Sida humilis sensu Britt. & Wilson , Sida javensis ssp. expilosa Waalkes

                                                                          rhombifolia L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Arrowleaf sida, axocatzin (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                          salviifolia K. Presl Synonymy: Sida erecta Macfad. , Sida holwayi Baker & Rose

                                                                          santaremensis Monteiro

                                                                          spinosa L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Prickly sida, prickly mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sida alba L. , Sida angustifolia auct. p.p. non Lam. , Sida spinosa var. angustifolia auct. p.p. non (Lam.) Griseb.

                                                                          stipularis Cav.

                                                                          tragiifolia Gray Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                          urens L.

                                                                          Sidalcea Gray - CHECKER-MALLOW

                                                                            calycosa M.E. Jones

                                                                              ssp. calycosa

                                                                              ssp. rhizomata (Jepson) Munz Synonymy: Sidalcea rhizomata Jepson

                                                                            campestris Greene

                                                                            candida Gray

                                                                              var. candida

                                                                              var. glabrata C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                            covillei Greene Synonymy: Sidalcea neomexicana var. covillei (Greene) Roush

                                                                            cusickii Piper Synonymy: Sidalcea cusickii ssp. purpurea C.L. Hitchc. , Sidalcea oregana var. cusickii (Piper) Roush

                                                                            diploscypha (Torr. & Gray) Gray

                                                                            glaucescens Greene

                                                                            hartwegii Gray ex Benth.

                                                                            hendersonii S. Wats.

                                                                            hickmanii Greene

                                                                              ssp. anomala C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                              ssp. hickmanii

                                                                              ssp. parishii (B.L. Robins.) C.L. Hitchc. Synonymy: Sidalcea hickmanii var. parishii B.L. Robins.

                                                                              ssp. viridis C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                            hirsuta Gray ex Benth.

                                                                            hirtipes C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                            keckii Wiggins

                                                                            malachroides (Hook. & Arn.) Gray

                                                                            malviflora (DC.) Gray ex Benth.

                                                                              ssp. asprella (Greene) C.L. Hitchc. Synonymy: Sidalcea asprella Greene

                                                                              ssp. californica (Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray) C.L. Hitchc. Synonymy: Sidalcea malviflora var. californica (Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray) Jepson

                                                                              ssp. celata (Jepson) C.L. Hitchc. Synonymy: Sidalcea malviflora var. celata Jepson

                                                                              ssp. dolosa C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                              ssp. elegans (Greene) C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                              ssp. laciniata C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                                var. laciniata C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                                var. sancta C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                              ssp. malviflora

                                                                              ssp. nana (Jepson) C.L. Hitchc. Synonymy: Sidalcea reptans var. nana Jepson

                                                                              ssp. patula C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                              ssp. purpurea C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                              ssp. rostrata (Eastw.) Wiggins

                                                                              ssp. sparsifolia C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                                var. hirsuta C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                                var. sparsifolia C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                                var. stellata C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                                var. uliginosa C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                              ssp. virgata (T.J. Howell) C.L. Hitchc. Synonymy: Sidalcea malviflora var. virgata (T.J. Howell) Dimling , Sidalcea virgata T.J. Howell

                                                                            multifida Greene

                                                                            nelsoniana Piper Listed by the U.S. FWS as threatened - the FWS local name is Nelson's checker-mallow and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (OR).

                                                                            neomexicana Gray

                                                                              ssp. crenulata (A. Nels.) C.L. Hitchc. Synonymy: Sidalcea neomexicana var. crenulata (A. Nels.) C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                              ssp. neomexicana

                                                                              ssp. thurberi (B.L. Robins. ex Gray) C.L. Hitchc. Synonymy: Sidalcea neomexicana var. parviflora Greene

                                                                            oregana (Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray) Gray

                                                                              ssp. eximia (Greene) C.L. Hitchc. Synonymy: Sidalcea eximia Greene

                                                                              ssp. hydrophila (Heller) C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                              ssp. oregana

                                                                                var. calva C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                                var. maxima (M.E. Peck) C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                                var. nevadensis C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                                var. oregana

                                                                                var. procera C.L. Hitchc.

                                                                              ssp. spicata (Regel) C.L. Hitchc. Synonymy: Sidalcea oregana var. spicata (Regel) Jepson , Sidalcea setosa C.L. Hitchc. , Sidalcea setosa ssp. querceta C.L. Hitchc. , Sidalcea spicata (Regel) Greene , Sidalcea spicata var. tonsa M.E. Peck

                                                                              ssp. valida (Greene) C.L. Hitchc. Synonymy: Sidalcea spicata var. valida (Greene) Wiggins , Sidalcea valida Greene

                                                                            pedata Gray Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Pedate checker-mallow and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (CA). Listed on August 31, 1984 (Volume 49 Federal Register 34500).

                                                                            ranunculacea Greene

                                                                            reptans Greene

                                                                            robusta Heller ex Roush

                                                                            stipularis J.T. Howell & True

                                                                            Sidastrum E.G. Baker - SAND-MALLOW

                                                                              multiflorum (Jacq.) Fryxell Synonymy: Sida acuminata DC. , Sidastrum acuminatum (DC.) Fryxell

                                                                              paniculatum (L.) Fryxell Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Southern sida (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sida paniculata L.

                                                                              Sphaeralcea St.-Hil. - GLOBE-MALLOW

                                                                                ambigua Gray

                                                                                  ssp. ambigua

                                                                                  ssp. monticola Kearney Synonymy: Sphaeralcea ambigua var. aculeata Jepson

                                                                                  ssp. rosacea (Munz & Johnston) Kearney

                                                                                  ssp. rugosa Kearney

                                                                                angustifolia (Cav.) G. Don Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Narrowleaf globe mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Phymosia cuspidata (Gray) Britt. , Sphaeralcea angustifolia ssp. cuspidata (Gray) Kearney , Sphaeralcea angustifolia ssp. lobata (Woot.) Kearney , Sphaeralcea angustifolia var. cuspidata Gray , Sphaeralcea angustifolia var. lobata (Woot.) Kearney , Sphaeralcea angustifolia var. oblongifolia (Gray) Shinners , Sphaeralcea cuspidata (Gray) Britt. , Sphaeralcea emoryi ssp. nevadensis Kearney , Sphaeralcea emoryi var. nevadensis (Kearney) Kearney

                                                                                caespitosa M.E. Jones

                                                                                coccinea (Nutt.) Rydb. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                  ssp. coccinea Present in the Texas flora (treated as Sphaeralcea coccinea (Nutt.) Rydb. var. dissecta (Nutt.) Garrett by Hatch et al, 1990) and known locally as: Narrowlobe globe mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Malvastrum coccineum (Nutt.) Gray , Sphaeralcea coccinea ssp. dissecta (Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray) Kearney , Sphaeralcea coccinea var. dissecta (Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray) Garrett

                                                                                  ssp. elata (E.G. Baker) Kearney Present in the Texas flora (treated as Sphaeralcea coccinea (Nutt.) Rydb. var. elata (E.G. Baker) Kearn. by Hatch et al, 1990) (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sphaeralcea coccinea var. elata (E.G. Baker) Kearney

                                                                                coulteri (S. Wats.) Gray

                                                                                digitata (Greene) Rydb.

                                                                                  ssp. digitata Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                  ssp. tenuipes (Woot. & Standl.) Kearney Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sphaeralcea digitata var. angustiloba (Gray) Shinners , Sphaeralcea digitata var. tenuipes (Woot. & Standl.) Kearney

                                                                                emoryi Torr. ex Gray Synonymy: Sphaeralcea emoryi ssp. arida (Rose) Kearney , Sphaeralcea emoryi ssp. variabilis (Cockerell) Kearney , Sphaeralcea emoryi var. arida (Rose) Kearney , Sphaeralcea emoryi var. californica (Parish) Shinners , Sphaeralcea emoryi var. variabilis (Cockerell) Kearney

                                                                                fendleri Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Thicket globe mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                  ssp. albescens Kearney Synonymy: Sphaeralcea fendleri var. albescens (Kearney) Kearney

                                                                                  ssp. elongata Kearney Synonymy: Sphaeralcea fendleri var. elongata (Kearney) Kearney

                                                                                  ssp. fendleri

                                                                                  ssp. tripartita (Woot. & Standl.) Kearney Synonymy: Sphaeralcea fendleri var. tripartita (Woot. & Standl.) Kearney

                                                                                  ssp. venusta Kearney Synonymy: Sphaeralcea fendleri var. venusta (Kearney) Kearney

                                                                                grossulariifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Rydb.

                                                                                  ssp. grossulariifolia Synonymy: Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia var. moorei Welsh

                                                                                  ssp. pedata (Torr. ex Gray) Kearney Synonymy: Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia var. pedata (Torr. ex Gray) Kearney

                                                                                hastulata Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Spear globe mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Sphaeralcea subhastata Coult. , Sphaeralcea subhastata ssp. connata Kearney , Sphaeralcea subhastata ssp. latifolia Kearney , Sphaeralcea subhastata ssp. martii (Cockerell) Kearney , Sphaeralcea subhastata ssp. pumila (Woot. & Standl.) Kearney , Sphaeralcea subhastata ssp. thyrsoidea Kearney , Sphaeralcea subhastata var. connata (Kearney) Kearney , Sphaeralcea subhastata var. latifolia (Kearney) Kearney , Sphaeralcea subhastata var. martii (Cockerell) Kearney , Sphaeralcea subhastata var. pumila (Woot. & Standl.) Kearney , Sphaeralcea subhastata var. thyrsoidea (Kearney) Kearney

                                                                                incana Torr. ex Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Soft globe mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                  ssp. cuneata Kearney Synonymy: Sphaeralcea incana var. cuneata (Kearney) Kearney

                                                                                  ssp. incana

                                                                                janeae (Welsh) Welsh Synonymy: Sphaeralcea leptophylla var. janeae Welsh

                                                                                laxa Woot. & Standl. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Caliche globe mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                leptophylla (Gray) Rydb. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Scaly globe mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                lindheimeri Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Woolly globe mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                munroana (Dougl. ex Lindl.) Spach ex Gray

                                                                                  ssp. munroana

                                                                                  ssp. subrhomboidea (Rydb.) Kearney Synonymy: Sphaeralcea munroana var. subrhomboidea (Rydb.) Kearney

                                                                                orcuttii Rose

                                                                                parvifolia A. Nels.

                                                                                pedatifida (Gray) Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Palmleaf globe mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                polychroma La Duke Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                procera C.L. Porter

                                                                                psoraloides Welsh

                                                                                rusbyi Gray

                                                                                  ssp. eremicola (Jepson) Kearney

                                                                                  ssp. gilensis Kearney Synonymy: Sphaeralcea rusbyi var. gilensis (Kearney) Kearney

                                                                                  ssp. rusbyi

                                                                                wrightii Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Wright globe mallow (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                Thespesia Soland. ex Correa - MAGA

                                                                                  grandiflora DC. Synonymy: Montezuma speciosissima DC.

                                                                                  populnea (L.) Soland. ex Correa

                                                                                  Urena L. - BURR-MALLOW AND CAESARWEED

                                                                                    lobata L. Synonymy: Urena trilobata Vell.

                                                                                    sinuata L. Synonymy: Urena lobata ssp. sinuata (L.) Waalkes , Urena lobata var. sinuata (L.) Miq. ex Kuntze

                                                                                    Wissadula Medik. - WHITE-VELVETLEAF

                                                                                      amplissima (L.) R.E. Fries Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                                                                      callimorpha (Hochr.) Hassler

                                                                                        var. friesii Hassler

                                                                                      contracta (Link) R.E. Fries

                                                                                      periplocifolia (L.) K. Presl ex Thwaites Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)


                                                                                      Use your browser's 'back' button to return to the prior page, or return to the Biota of North America Program, Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group, or the entry page for the Vascular Plant Information Gateway.
                                                                                      This page, machine-generated using the program bonout3.ipf, is an experimental product of collaborative research involving the Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group and the Biota of North America Program. Comments/corrections can be sent to BONAP for nomenclatural matters or, for web-related items, the TAMUBIWG. The Texas vegetation area mapping system was developed by Erich Schneider of the Texas A&M Center for the Study of Digital Libraries. Last updated on: 07/31/96