Asclepiadaceae
(THE MILKWEED FAMILY)
Biota of North America Program
Texas A&M University Bioinformatics Working Group
Standardized nomenclature following © John T. Kartesz. 1996. Revision: A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. The Biota of North America Program of the North Carolina Botanical Garden . This listing features updates (1996) of BONAP nomenclature, use of common names derived from BONAP data, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service data on endangered/threatened taxa, and information on Texas taxa taken from a database developed from Stephan L. Hatch, Kancheepuram N. Gandhi, and Larry E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Texas (now in the process of proofing).

Araujia Brot. - BLADDER-FLOWER

    sericifera Brot.

    Asclepias L. - MILKWEED

      albicans S. Wats.

      amplexicaulis Sm. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Bluntleaf milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      angustifolia Schweig.

      arenaria Torr. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Sand milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      asperula (Dcne.) Woods.

        ssp. asperula Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

        ssp. capricornu (Woods.) Woods. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Trailing milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Asclepias asperula var. decumbens (Nutt.) Shinners , Asclepias capricornu Woods. , Asclepias capricornu ssp. occidentalis Woods. , Asclepias decumbens (Nutt.) Dcne. , Asclepiodora decumbens (Nutt.) Gray

      brachystephana Engelm. ex Torr. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Shortcrown milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      californica Greene

        ssp. californica

        ssp. greenei Woods.

      cinerea Walt.

      connivens Baldw. Synonymy: Anantherix connivens (Baldw.) Feay

      cordifolia (Benth.) Jepson Synonymy: Gomphocarpus cordifolius Benth.

      cryptoceras S. Wats.

        ssp. cryptoceras

        ssp. davisii (Woods.) Woods. Synonymy: Asclepias cryptoceras var. davisii (Woods.) W.H. Baker , Asclepias davisii Woods.

      curassavica L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Veintiunilla (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      curtissii Gray Synonymy: Asclepias aceratoides Nash , Oxypteryx curtissii (Gray) Small

      cutleri Woods.

      emoryi (Greene) Vail Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Emory milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      engelmanniana Woods. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Engelmann milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Acerates auriculata Engelm. ex Torr. , Asclepias auriculata (Engelm. ex Torr.) Holz.

      eriocarpa Benth. Synonymy: Asclepias eriocarpa var. microcarpa Munz & Johnston , Asclepias fremontii Torr. ex Gray

      erosa Torr.

      exaltata L. Synonymy: Asclepias bicknellii Vail , Asclepias phytolaccoides Pursh

      fascicularis Dcne. Synonymy: Asclepias mexicana auct. non Cav.

      feayi Chapman ex Gray Synonymy: Asclepiodella feayi (Chapman ex Gray) Small

      glaucescens Kunth Present in the Texas flora (treated as Asclepias elata Benth. by Hatch et al, 1990) (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Asclepias elata Benth.

      hallii Gray

      hirtella (Pennell) Woods. Synonymy: Acerates hirtella Pennell , Asclepias longifolia var. hirtella (Pennell) Farmer & Bell

      humistrata Walt.

      hypoleuca (Gray) Woods.

      incarnata L. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

        ssp. incarnata

        ssp. pulchra (Ehrh. ex Willd.) Woods. Present in the Texas flora (treated as Asclepias incarnata L. var. pulchra (Willd.) Pers. by Hatch et al, 1990) (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Asclepias incarnata var. neoscotica Fern. , Asclepias incarnata var. pulchra (Ehrh. ex Willd.) Pers. , Asclepias pulchra Ehrh. ex Willd.

      involucrata Engelm. ex Torr. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      labriformis M.E. Jones

      lanceolata Walt. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Lanceleaf milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Asclepias lanceolata var. paupercula (Michx.) Fern.

      lanuginosa Nutt. Synonymy: Acerates lanuginosa (Nutt.) Dcne. , Asclepias otarioides auct. non Fourn.

      latifolia (Torr.) Raf. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Broadleaf milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      lemmonii Gray

      linaria Cav.

      linearis Scheele Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Slim milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      longifolia Michx. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Longleaf milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Acerates delticola Small , Acerates floridana (Lam.) A.S. Hitchc. , Acerates longifolia (Michx.) Ell.

      macrosperma Eastw.

      macrotis Torr. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Longhood milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      meadii Torr. ex Gray Listed by the U.S. FWS as threatened - the FWS local name is Mead's milkweed and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (IA, IL, IN, KS, MO, WI).

      michauxii Dcne.

      nivea L.

      nummularia Torr. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Roundleaf milkweed, yerba de cuervo (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      nyctaginifolia Gray

      obovata Ell. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Asclepias viridiflora var. obovata (Ell.) Torr.

      oenotheroides Cham. & Schlecht. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Hierba de zizotes (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Asclepias brevicornu Scheele

      ovalifolia Dcne.

      pedicellata Walt. Synonymy: Podostigma pedicellata (Walt.) Vail

      perennis Walt. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Shore milkweed, thinleaf milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      physocarpa (E. Mey.) Schlechter Synonymy: Gomphocarpus physocarpus E. Mey.

      prostrata Blackwell Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      pumila (Gray) Vail Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Plains milkweed, low milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      purpurascens L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Purple milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      quadrifolia Jacq.

      quinquedentata Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Slimpod milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      rubra L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Red milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Asclepias laurifolia Michx.

      rusbyi (Vail) Woods. Synonymy: Asclepias engelmanniana var. rusbyi (Vail) Kearney

      sanjuanensis Heil, J.M. Porter & Welsh

      scaposa Vail Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      solanoana Woods. Synonymy: Solanoa purpurascens (Gray) Greene

      speciosa Torr. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Showy milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Asclepias giffordii Eastw.

      sperryi Woods. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Sperry milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      stenophylla Gray Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Slimleaf milkweed, narrowleaf milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Acerates angustifolia (Nutt.) Dcne. , Polyotus angustifolius Nutt.

      subulata Dcne.

      subverticillata (Gray) Vail Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Poison milkweed, horsetail milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Asclepias galioides auct. non Kunth

      sullivantii Engelm. ex Gray

      syriaca L. Synonymy: Asclepias intermedia Vail , Asclepias kansana Vail , Asclepias syriaca var. kansana (Vail) Palmer & Steyermark

      texana Heller Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Texas milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      tomentosa Ell. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      tuberosa L.

        ssp. interior Woods. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Asclepias tuberosa ssp. terminalis Woods. , Asclepias tuberosa var. interior (Woods.) Shinners

        ssp. rolfsii (Britt. ex Vail) Woods. Synonymy: Asclepias rolfsii Britt. ex Vail

        ssp. tuberosa

      uncialis Greene

        ssp. ruthiae (Maguire) Kartesz & Gandhi Synonymy: Asclepias eastwoodiana Barneby , Asclepias ruthiae Maguire , Asclepias uncialis var. ruthiae (Maguire) E. Sundell

        ssp. uncialis

      variegata L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: White-flowered milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Biventraria variegata (L.) Small

      verticillata L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Whorled milkweed, eastern whorled milkweed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      vestita Hook. & Arn.

        ssp. parishii (Jepson) Woods. Synonymy: Asclepias vestita var. parishii Jepson

        ssp. vestita

      viridiflora Raf. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Green antelopehorn (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Acerates viridiflora (Raf.) Pursh ex Eat. , Acerates viridiflora var. ivesii Britt. , Acerates viridiflora var. linearis Gray , Asclepias viridiflora var. lanceolata Torr. , Asclepias viridiflora var. linearis (Gray) Fern.

      viridis Walt. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Antelopehorn (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Asclepiodora viridis (Walt.) Gray

      viridula Chapman

      welshii N.& P. Holmgren Listed by the U.S. FWS as threatened - the FWS local name is Welsh's milkweed and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (AZ, UT).

      Calotropis R. Br. - ROOSTERTREE

        gigantea (L.) Ait. f.

        procera (Ait.) Ait. f. Synonymy: Asclepias procera Ait.

        Cryptostegia R. Br. - RUBBERVINE

          grandiflora (Roxb. ex R. Br.) R. Br. Synonymy: Nerium grandiflorum Roxb. ex R. Br.

          madagascariensis Bojer ex Dcne.

          Cynanchum L. - SWALLOW-WORT

            anegadense (Britt.) Alain Synonymy: Metastelma anegadense Britt.

            angustifolium Pers. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Marsh swallow-wort (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Cynanchum palustre (Pursh) Heller , Lyonia palustris (Pursh) Small

            arizonicum (Gray) Shinners Synonymy: Metastelma arizonicum Gray

            barbigerum (Scheele) Shinners Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Bearded swallow-wort, thicket threadvine (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Metastelma barbigerum Scheele

            blodgettii (Gray) Shinners Synonymy: Metastelma blodgettii Gray

            cheesmanii Woods. Synonymy: Metastelma decipiens Schlechter

            cubense (A. Rich.) Woods. Synonymy: Cynanchum peraffine Woods. , Gonolobus cubensis A. Rich. , Metalepis cubensis (A. Rich.) Griseb.

            ephedroides (Griseb.) Alain Synonymy: Metastelma ephedroides (Griseb.) Schlechter

            grisebachianum (Schlechter) Alain Synonymy: Metastelma decaisneanum Schlechter

            laeve (Michx.) Pers. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Smooth swallow-wort, smooth anglepod, bluevine, sandvine (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Ampelamus albidus (Nutt.) Britt. , Gonolobus laevis Michx.

            ligulatum (Benth.) Woods. Synonymy: Cynanchum sinaloense (Brandeg.) Woods. , Mellichampia sinaloensis (Brandeg.) Kearney & Peebles

            lineare (Bello) Alain Synonymy: Metastelma lineare Bello

            louiseae Kartesz & Gandhi Synonymy: Cynanchum nigrum (L.) Pers., non Cav. , Vincetoxicum nigrum (L.) Moench

            maccartii Shinners Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Palmer swallow-wort (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Cynanchum palmeri (S. Wats.) Shinners, non Blake , Metastelma palmeri S. Wats.

            monense (Britt.) Alain Synonymy: Metastelma monense Britt.

            northropiae (Schlechter) Alain Synonymy: Epicion northropiae (Schlechter) Small

            parviflorum Sw. Synonymy: Metastelma parviflorum (Sw.) R. Br. ex J.A. Schultes

            pringlei (Gray) Henrickson Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Cynanchum barbigerum var. breviflorum Shinners , Metastelma pringlei Gray

            racemosum (Jacq.) Jacq.

              var. unifarium (Scheele) E. Sundell Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. No Texas distribution data available Synonymy: Cynanchum palmeri (S. Wats.) Blake , Cynanchum unifarium (Scheele) Woods.

            rossicum (Kleopov) Borhidi Synonymy: Cynanchum medium auct. non R. Br. , Vincetoxicum medium auct. non (R. Br.) Dcne. , Vincetoxicum rossicum (Kleopov) Barbarich

            scoparium Nutt. Synonymy: Amphistelma scoparia (Nutt.) Small , Metastelma scoparium (Nutt.) Vail

            utahense (Engelm.) Woods. Synonymy: Astephanus utahensis Engelm.

            vincetoxicum (L.) Pers. Synonymy: Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Medik.

            wigginsii Shinners Synonymy: Basistelma angustifolia (Torr.) Bartlett, non Cynanchum angustifolium Pers.

            Gonolobus Michx. - ANGLEPOD

              stephanotrichus Griseb. Synonymy: Vincetoxicum stephanotrichum (Griseb.) Britt.

              Hoya R. Br. - PORCELAIN-FLOWER

                carnosa (L. f.) R. Br. Synonymy: Asclepias carnosa L. f.

                Marsdenia R. Br. - NETVINE

                  elliptica Dcne.

                  Matelea Aubl. - MILKVINE

                    alabamensis (Vail) Woods. Synonymy: Cyclodon alabamense (Vail) Small

                    arizonica (Gray) Shinners Synonymy: Gonolobus arizonicus (Gray) Woods. , Lachnostoma arizonicum Gray

                    balbisii (Dcne.) Woods. Synonymy: Pherotrichis balbisii (Dcne.) Gray

                    baldwyniana (Sweet) Woods. Synonymy: Gonolobus baldwynianus Sweet , Odontostephana baldwyniana (Sweet) Alexander , Vincetoxicum baldwynianum (Sweet) Britt.

                    biflora (Raf.) Woods. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Twoflower milkvine (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Gonolobus biflorus Raf.

                    borinquensis Alain

                    brevicoronata (B.L. Robins.) Woods. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Gonolobus parviflorus var. brevicoronatus B.L. Robins.

                    carolinensis (Jacq.) Woods. Synonymy: Gonolobus carolinensis (Jacq.) R. Br. ex J.A. Schultes, non Nutt. , Odontostephana carolinensis (Jacq.) Alexander , Vincetoxicum carolinense (Jacq.) Britt. , Vincetoxicum hirsutum (Michx.) Britt.

                    cordifolia (Gray) Woods. Synonymy: Rothrockia cordifolia Gray

                    cynanchoides (Engelm.) Woods. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Gonolobus cynanchoides Engelm.

                    decipiens (Alexander) Woods. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Gonolobus decipiens (Alexander) Perry , Odontostephana decipiens Alexander

                    edwardsensis Correll Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Plateau milkvine (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                    flavidula (Chapman) Woods. Synonymy: Odontostephana flavidula (Chapman) Alexander

                    floridana (Vail) Woods. Synonymy: Odontostephana floridana (Vail) Alexander

                    gonocarpos (Walt.) Shinners Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Gonolobus gonocarpos (Walt.) Perry , Gonolobus suberosus auct. non (L.) R. Br. , Matelea suberosus auct. non (L.) Shinners , Vincetoxicum gonocarpos Walt. , Vincetoxicum suberosum auct. non (L.) Britt.

                    maritima (Jacq.) Woods. Synonymy: Cynanchum maritimum (Jacq.) Jacq. , Ibatia maritima (Jacq.) Dcne.

                    obliqua (Jacq.) Woods. Synonymy: Gonolobus obliquus (Jacq.) R. Br. ex J.A. Schultes , Gonolobus shortii Gray , Matelea shortii (Gray) Woods. , Odontostephana obliqua (Jacq.) Alexander , Odontostephana shortii (Gray) Alexander , Vincetoxicum obliquum (Jacq.) Britt. , Vincetoxicum shortii (Gray) Britt.

                    parviflora (Torr.) Woods. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Littleleaf milkvine (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                    parvifolia (Torr.) Woods. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Gonolobus californicus Jepson , Gonolobus parvifolius Torr.

                    pringlei (Gray) Woods. Synonymy: Himantostemma pringlei Gray

                    producta (Torr.) Woods. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Gonolobus productus Torr.

                    pubiflora (Dcne.) Woods. Synonymy: Edisonia pubiflora (Dcne.) Small

                    radiata Correll Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                    reticulata (Engelm. ex Gray) Woods. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Gonolobus reticulatus Engelm. ex Gray

                    sagittifolia (Gray) Woods. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Arrowleaf milkvine (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Gonolobus sagittifolius Gray

                    sintenisii (Schlechter) Woods. Synonymy: Gonolobus sintenisii Schlechter , Vincetoxicum sintenisii (Schlechter) Britt.

                    texensis Correll Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                    variifolia (Schlechter) Woods. Synonymy: Gonolobus variifolius Schlechter , Vincetoxicum variifolium (Schlechter) Britt.

                    woodsonii Shinners

                    Metaplexis R. Br. - ROUGH-POTATO

                      japonica (Thunb.) Makino

                      Morrenia Lindl. - LATEXPLANT

                        odorata (Hook. & Arn.) Lindl.

                        Oxypetalum R. Br. - WHITEHEART

                          cordifolium (Vent.) Schlechter

                          Periploca L. - SILKVINE

                            graeca L. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                            Sarcostemma R. Br. - TWINEVINE

                              clausum (Jacq.) J.A. Schultes Synonymy: Funastrum clausum (Jacq.) Schlechter

                              crispum Benth. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Wavyleaf twinevine (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Funastrum crispum (Benth.) Schlechter , Sarcostemma lobata Waterfall

                              cynanchoides Dcne. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                                ssp. cynanchoides Synonymy: Funastrum cynanchoides (Dcne.) Schlechter , Funastrum cynanchoides var. subtruncatum (B.L. Robins. & Fern.) J.F. Macbr.

                                ssp. hartwegii (Vail) R. Holm Present in the Texas flora (treated as Sarcostemma cynanchoides Dcne. var. hartwegii (Vail) Shinners by Hatch et al, 1990) (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Funastrum heterophyllum (Engelm. ex Torr.) Standl. , Funastrum lineare (Dcne.) J.F. Macbr. , Philibertia heterophylla (Engelm. ex Torr.) Jepson , Sarcostemma cynanchoides var. hartwegii (Vail) Shinners

                              hirtellum (Gray) R. Holm Synonymy: Funastrum hirtellum (Gray) Schlechter , Philibertia hirtella (Gray) Parish

                              torreyi (Gray) Woods. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Soft twinevine (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                              Stapelia L. - ZULU-GIANT

                                gigantea N.E. Br. Synonymy: Stapelia nobilis N.E. Br.


                                Use your browser's 'back' button to return to the prior page, or return to the Biota of North America Program, Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group, or the entry page for the Vascular Plant Information Gateway.
                                This page, machine-generated using the program bonout3.ipf, is an experimental product of collaborative research involving the Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group and the Biota of North America Program. Comments/corrections can be sent to BONAP for nomenclatural matters or, for web-related items, the TAMUBIWG. The Texas vegetation area mapping system was developed by Erich Schneider of the Texas A&M Center for the Study of Digital Libraries. Last updated on: 07/31/96