Agavaceae
(THE CENTURY-PLANT FAMILY)
Biota of North America Program
Texas A&M University Bioinformatics Working Group
Standardized nomenclature following © John T. Kartesz. 1996. Revision: A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. The Biota of North America Program of the North Carolina Botanical Garden . This listing features updates (1996) of BONAP nomenclature, use of common names derived from BONAP data, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service data on endangered/threatened taxa, and information on Texas taxa taken from a database developed from Stephan L. Hatch, Kancheepuram N. Gandhi, and Larry E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Texas (now in the process of proofing).

Agave L. - CENTURY-PLANT

    americana L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Century plant, Maguey (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

      ssp. americana

        var. americana

        var. expansa (Jacobi) Gentry

      ssp. protamericana Gentry Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

    arizonica Gentry & J.H. Weber Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Arizona agave and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (AZ). Listed on May 18, 1984 (Volume 49 Federal Register 21058).

    asperrima Jacobi

    chrysantha Peebles Synonymy: Agave palmeri var. chrysantha (Peebles) Little ex L. Benson

    decipiens Baker

    deserti Engelm.

      ssp. deserti Synonymy: Agave consociata Trel.

      ssp. simplex Gentry

    desmettiana Jacobi

    eggersiana Trel.

    glomeruliflora (Engelm.) Berger Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Chisos agave (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Agave chisosensis C.H. Muller

    gracilipes Trel. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Slim-footed agave (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

    havardiana Trel. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Havard agave (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

    lechuguilla Torr. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Lechuguilla (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Agave lophantha var. poselgeri (Salm-Dyck) Berger

    lophantha Schiede Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Thorn-crested agave (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

    mckelveyana Gentry

    missionum Trel.

    murpheyi F. Gibson

    neglecta Small

    palmeri Engelm.

    parryi Engelm.

      ssp. neomexicana (Woot. & Standl.) Ullrich Present in the Texas flora (treated as Agave neomexicana Woot. & Standl. by Hatch et al, 1990) and known locally as: New Mexico agave (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Agave neomexicana Woot. & Standl.

      ssp. parryi Present in the Texas flora (treated as Agave scabra Salm-Dyck by Hatch et al, 1990) (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Agave huachucensis Baker , Agave parryi var. couesii (Engelm. ex Trel.) Kearney & Peebles , Agave parryi var. huachucensis (Baker) Little ex L. Benson , Agave scabra Salm-Dyck

    parviflora Torr.

    portoricensis Trel.

    schottii Engelm.

      var. schottii

      var. treleasei (Toumey) Kearney & Peebles

    shawii Engelm.

    sisalana Perrine Synonymy: Agave rigida var. sisalana (Perrine) Engelm.

    toumeyana Trel.

      var. bella Breitung Synonymy: Agave toumeyana ssp. bella (Breitung) Gentry

      var. toumeyana

    utahensis Engelm.

      var. eborispina (Hester) Breitung

      var. kaibabensis (McKelvey) Breitung Synonymy: Agave kaibabensis McKelvey , Agave utahensis ssp. kaibabensis (McKelvey) Gentry

      var. nevadensis Engelm. ex Greenm. & Roush

      var. utahensis

    weberi Cels ex Poisson Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Weber agave, meguey liso (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

    Cordyline Comm. ex R. Br. - TIPLANT

      fruticosa (L.) Chev. Synonymy: Convallaria fruticosa L. , Cordyline terminalis (L.) Kunth , Cordyline terminalis var. ti (Schott) Baker , Dracaena terminalis (L.) L.

      Dasylirion Zucc. - SOTOL

        heteracanthum I.M. Johnston Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

        leiophyllum Engelm. ex Trel. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Smooth sotol (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

        texanum Scheele Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Texas sotol (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

        wheeleri S. Wats. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Wheeler sotol (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

        Dracaena L.

          fragrans (L.) Ker-Gawl.

          Furcraea Vent. - SISAL

            foetida (L.) Haw.

            macrophylla Baker

            selloa K. Koch

            tuberosa (P. Mill.) Ait. f.

            Hesperaloe Engelm. - FALSE YUCCA

              funifera (K. Koch) Trel. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

              parviflora (Torr.) Coult.

                var. engelmannii (Krauskopf) Trel. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Plateau herperaloe (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                var. parviflora Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Red hesperaloe, red-flowered yucca (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

              Manfreda Salisb. - TUBE-ROSE

                longiflora (Rose) Verhoek-Williams Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Runyons Huaco (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Polianthes runyonii Shinners , Runyonia longiflora Rose

                maculosa (Hook.) Rose Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Agave maculata Engelm. ex Torr., non Regel , Agave maculosa Hook. , Agave maculosa var. minor Jacobi , Polianthes maculosa (Hook.) Shinners

                sileri Verhoek-Williams Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                variegata (Jacobi) Rose Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: False aloe, rattlesnake master (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Agave variegata Jacobi , Manfreda tamazunchalensis Matuda , Manfreda xilitlensis Matuda , Polianthes variegata (Jacobi) Shinners

                virginica (L.) Salisb. ex Rose Synonymy: Agave lata Shinners , Agave tigrina (Engelm.) Cory , Agave virginica L. , Allibertia intermedia Marion , Manfreda tigrina (Engelm.) Small , Manfreda virginica var. tigrina (Engelm.) Rose , Polianthes lata (Shinners) Shinners , Polianthes virginica (L.) Shinners

                Nolina Michx. - BEAR-GRASS

                  arenicola Correll Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                  atopocarpa Bartlett

                  bigelovii (Torr.) S. Wats.

                  brittoniana Nash Listed by the U.S. FWS as endangered, the FWS local name is Britton's beargrass and the FWS range is: U.S.A. (FL). Listed on April 27, 1993 (Volume 58 Federal Register 25754).

                  cismontana Dice

                  erumpens (Torr.) S. Wats. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Foothill nolina, beargrass, basketgrass (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                  georgiana Michx.

                  interrata Gentry

                  lindheimeriana (Scheele) S. Wats. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Lindheimer nolina, devil's shoestring (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                  micrantha I.M. Johnston Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                  microcarpa S. Wats. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Small seed nolina, sacahuista (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                  parryi S. Wats. Synonymy: Nolina bigelovii var. parryi (S. Wats.) L. Benson , Nolina bigelovii var. wolfii (Munz) L. Benson , Nolina parryi ssp. wolfii Munz , Nolina wolfii (Munz) Munz

                  texana S. Wats. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Sacahuista (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Nolina affinis Trel. , Nolina texana var. compacta (Trel.) I.M. Johnston

                  Phormium J.R. & G. Forst. - NEW ZEALAND-FLAX

                    tenax J.R. & G. Forst.

                    Pleomele Salisb. - HALA PELE

                      aurea (Mann) N.E. Br. Synonymy: Dracaena aurea Mann

                      auwahiensis St. John

                      fernaldii St. John Synonymy: Dracaena hawaiiensis Fosberg

                      forbesii O. Deg.

                      halapepe St. John

                      hawaiiensis O.& I. Deg.

                      Sansevieria Thunb. - BOWSTRING-HEMP

                        cylindrica Bojer ex Hook.

                        hyacinthoides (L.) Druce Synonymy: Cordyline guineensis (L.) Britt. , Sansevieria metallica Horton ex Gerome & Labroy , Sansevieria thyrsiflora Thunb.

                        longiflora Sims

                        trifasciata Prain

                        Yucca L. - YUCCA

                          aloifolia L.

                          angustissima Engelm. ex Trel.

                            var. angustissima Synonymy: Yucca angustissima var. avia Reveal

                            var. kanabensis (McKelvey) Reveal Synonymy: Yucca kanabensis McKelvey

                            var. toftiae (Welsh) Reveal Synonymy: Yucca toftiae Welsh

                          arkansana Trel. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Arkansas yucca (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Yucca angustissima var. mollis Engelm.

                          baccata Torr. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Datil yucca, blue yucca, banana yucca (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                            var. baccata

                            var. brevifolia (Schott ex Torr.) L. Benson & Darrow Synonymy: Yucca arizonica McKelvey , Yucca brevifolia Schott ex Torr. , Yucca confinis McKelvey , Yucca thornberi McKelvey , Yucca treleasei J.F. Macbr.

                            var. vespertina McKelvey Synonymy: Yucca vespertina (McKelvey) Welsh

                          baileyi Woot. & Standl.

                            var. baileyi Synonymy: Yucca standleyi McKelvey

                            var. intermedia (McKelvey) Reveal Synonymy: Yucca intermedia McKelvey

                            var. navajoa (J.M. Webber) J.M. Webber Synonymy: Yucca navajoa J.M. Webber

                          brevifolia Engelm.

                            var. brevifolia Synonymy: Clistoyucca brevifolia (Engelm.) Rydb. , Yucca brevifolia var. herbertii (J.M. Webber) Munz

                            var. jaegeriana McKelvey

                          campestris McKelvey Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Plains yucca (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Yucca intermedia var. ramosa McKelvey

                          constricta Buckl. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Buckley yucca (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                          elata (Engelm.) Engelm. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Soaptree yucca, palmilla, soap-weed (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                            var. elata Synonymy: Yucca angustissima var. elata Engelm.

                            var. utahensis (McKelvey) Reveal Synonymy: Yucca utahensis McKelvey

                            var. verdiensis (McKelvey) Reveal Synonymy: Yucca verdiensis McKelvey

                          faxoniana (Trel.) Sarg. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Faxon yucca, giant yucca, carneros uycca, Spanish dagger (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Samuela carnerosana auct. non Trel. , Samuela faxoniana Trel. , Yucca carnerosana auct. non (Trel.) McKelvey

                          filamentosa L. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Weakleaf yucca (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Yucca concava Haw. , Yucca filamentosa var. concava (Haw.) Baker , Yucca filamentosa var. smalliana (Fern.) Ahles , Yucca flaccida Haw. , Yucca smalliana Fern.

                          glauca Nutt.

                            var. glauca Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Narrowleaf yucca (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Yucca angustifolia Pursh

                            var. gurneyi McKelvey

                          gloriosa L.

                          guatemalensis Baker Synonymy: Yucca elephantipes Regel

                          harrimaniae Trel.

                            var. harrimaniae Synonymy: Yucca gilbertiana (Trel.) Rydb. , Yucca harrimaniae var. gilbertiana Trel.

                            var. neomexicana (Woot. & Standl.) Reveal Synonymy: Yucca neomexicana Woot. & Standl.

                            var. sterilis Neese & Welsh

                          X karlsruhensis Graebn. [filamentosa X glauca]

                          louisianensis Trel. Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Yucca arkansana var. paniculata McKelvey , Yucca freemanii Shinners

                          necopina Shinners Present in the Texas flora, local name unknown. (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                          pallida McKelvey Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Pale yucca (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Yucca rupicola Trel.

                          recurvifolia Salisb.

                          reverchonii Trel. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Plateau yucca, San Angelo yucca (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                          rupicola Scheele Synonymy: Yucca tortifolia Lindl. ex Engelm.

                          schidigera Roezl ex Ortgies Synonymy: Yucca californica Nutt. ex Baker , Yucca macrocarpa Merriam, non Engelm. , Yucca mohavensis Sarg.

                          schottii Engelm. Synonymy: Yucca macrocarpa Engelm., non Merriam , Yucca puberula Torr.

                          tenuistyla Trel. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Whiterim yucca (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                          thompsoniana Trel. Present in the Texas flora (treated as Yucca rostrata Engelm. ex Trel. by Hatch et al, 1990) and known locally as: Thompson yucca, beaked uycca (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Yucca rostrata Engelm. ex Trel. , Yucca rostrata var. linearis Trel.

                          torreyi Shafer Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Torrey yucca, Spanish dagger (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone) Synonymy: Yucca baccata var. macrocarpa Torr. , Yucca crassifolia Engelm. , Yucca macrocarpa (Torr.) Coville

                          treculeana Carr. Present in the Texas flora and known locally as: Trecul yucca, palma pita, Spanish dagger (Texas Distribution by vegetation zone)

                            var. succulenta McKelvey

                            var. treculeana Synonymy: Yucca treculeana var. canaliculata Trel.

                          whipplei Torr.

                            var. caespitosa M.E. Jones Synonymy: Yucca whipplei ssp. caespitosa (M.E. Jones) Haines

                            var. whipplei Synonymy: Hesperoyucca whipplei (Torr.) Baker , Yucca californica Lemmon , Yucca graminifolia Wood , Yucca newberryi McKelvey , Yucca nitida C. Wright ex W. Wats. , Yucca whipplei ssp. intermedia Haines , Yucca whipplei ssp. parishii (M.E. Jones) Haines , Yucca whipplei ssp. percursa Haines , Yucca whipplei var. graminifolia (Wood) Trel. , Yucca whipplei var. intermedia (Haines) J.M. Webber , Yucca whipplei var. parishii M.E. Jones , Yucca whipplei var. percursa (Haines) J.M. Webber


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                          This page, machine-generated using the program bonout3.ipf, is an experimental product of collaborative research involving the Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group and the Biota of North America Program. Comments/corrections can be sent to BONAP for nomenclatural matters or, for web-related items, the TAMUBIWG. The Texas vegetation area mapping system was developed by Erich Schneider of the Texas A&M Center for the Study of Digital Libraries. Last updated on: 07/31/96