Cannabaceae - the Hemp Family
Diversity: A family of 2 genera and 3 species of erect (Cannabis) or scandant (Humulus) herbs, both annual and perennial (Humulus).
Distribution: North temperate with Cannabis and one species of Humulus native to the Old World and another species of Humulus a native North American; the Texas Flora has both genera, each with a species.
Highly reduced, pentamerous
unisexual flowers; species dioecious. Leaves with a palmate
pattern of organization. A family of minimal floristic
but representative of the Order (herbaceous). However, due to the
presence of complex, resin producing glandular
trichomes, the Cannabaceae is of ethnobotanical interest in that
genera are associated with human intoxicants; hops and
and other applications (fiber, oil - Cannabis).
included within the Moraceae.
|Cannabis - overview from Flora von Deutschland Österreich und der Schweiz (1885)||Cannabis sativa - staminate inflorescence and flower at anthesis||Cannabis sativa - pistillate inflorescence and flower at anthesis||Humulus - overview from Carl Lindman's Bilder ur Nordens Flor|
More information on the Cannabaceae