The Asteridae
Lamiales
Lecture quiz
Identify the Family
Herbs and shrubs that, like the Apiaceae, shows a center of diversity in the Mediterranean basin and a tendency to produce volatile oils.  Thus, of the ca. 200 genera and 3, 200 species, many are used as herbs and spices for cooking.  These include sage (Salvia officinalis), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)), mint (several Mentha species), and many others.
Significant features:  Opposite leaves, quadrangular stems, and the distinctive gynoecium of the order in that the ovary usually shows a second septum, producing 4 locules and each of these has only a single seed.

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