Classification

Cannabis sativa the scientific name for hemp as known in modern societies, has been a drug used throughout time. Cannabis is from the hemp family Cannabaceae which are mostly dioecious plants, and is closely related to the Humulus plant which is used in brewing beer. Cannabis is classified as a hallucinogen which affects the central nervous system by altering the brainsí chemicals or neural transmitters.

Cannabis sativa contains more than 400 chemicals. When smoked, Cannabis produces over 2,000 chemicals that enter the body through the lungs. Cannabis contains mainly isometric tetrahydrocannabinol, but also contains cannabiols and cannabidiols which when produced have a variety of short term, intermediate, and long term effects upon the mind and body.

References:

Texas A&M University Botany 201 Notes

Stedmanís Medical Dictionary , Cannabis, 25th edition. Williams and Wilkins 1990.

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