PAPAVERACEAE - Poppy Family

Annual or perennial herbs with milky sap

Leaves alternate, basal or cauline, much divided

Flowers solitary, bisexual, actinomorphic



Fruit a capsule with pores or valves

Placentation parietal

25 genera, 200 species

Economic importance: minor ornamental and opium poppies (narcotic alkaloids), Sanguinaria root. Morphine is a component of opium and heroin is a synthetic derivative of morphine.

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