URTICACEAE - Nettle Family

Mostly herbs, rarely subshrubs and small trees

Leaves opposite or alternate, simple, stipules present, stinging hairs present in some

Flowers unisexual, actinomorphic, in cymes, heads or solitary, actinomorphic


Plants monoecious or dioecious

Fruit an achene or fleshy drupe

Seeds with endosperm

45 genera, 700 species in tropics and temperate areas

Diagnostic characters: herbs with stinging hairs and highly reduced flowers

Economic importance: some houseplants, tips of Urtica can be boiled and eaten, Ramie is used for fiber
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