VIOLACEAE - Violet Family

Herbs, annual or perennial

Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, simple, stipules present

Flowers solitary, sometimes cleistomagmous (self-pollinated flower that does not open), bisexual, zygomorphic, or actinomorphic

Fruit a capsule

Seed with endosperm

16 genera, 900 species

Diagnostic characteristics: herbs, zygomorphic flowers, cleistogamous flowers hidden underground often present, cordate leaves

Economic importance: violets, pansies