CUCURBITACEAE - Cucurbit or Gourd Family

Herbaceous, coarse climbing vines

Leaves alternate, entire, or lobed

Infls. of various types, plants monoecious or dioecious

Flowers unisexual (male and female), actinomorphic, nectary disk present

Fruit a berry or pepo (one-locular fruit developed from inferior ovary with parietal placentae)

Seeds flattened

90 genera, 700 species, mainly tropical and subtropical

Economic importance:

Citrullus - watermelon

Cucurbita - pumpkin, squash, gourd

Cucumis - cucumber, canteloupe, muskmelon

Diagnostic characteristics: vine, fruit a pepo