LAMIACEAE (LABIATAE) - Mint Family

Herbs with square stems and aromatic oils

Leaves opposite or whorled, simple

Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic. Gynoecium 2-carpellate, falsely 4-locular with basal placentation, style attached to base of lobes (gynobasic)



200 genera, 3200 species

Economic importance: source of aromatic oils (terpenoids), many ornamentals and culinary herbs, some used for medicinal purposes

HERBS
Salvia - sage
Thymus - thyme
Mentha - mint, peppermint, spearmint
Ocimum- basil
Nepeta - catnip

PERFUMES
Lavandula - Lavender
Rosmarinus - Rosemary


ORNAMENTALS
Salvia, Ajuga, Monarda


Diagnostic characteristics: opposite or whorled leaves, square stems, aromatic, gynobasic style. Lamiaceae may be mistaken for members of the Verbenaceae, Schrophulariaceae and Boraginaceae but the gynobasic style, in combination with the square stem, differentiates the Lamiaceae from these families

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